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A publication of short communist literature by Lesley Zore

Year 2, release 6 – October-November 2020; the Author is Lesley Zore.


Special edition: 

"We are the Fifth Column!" - masses





GREEK LOGS (Fictional Geopolitics) - by a comrade


25 EPHEMERAL STATES (Mostly after ww1) - by Lesley Zore


VALUTA 3 - by Lesley Zore


VALUTA 4 - by Lesley Zore


HOPEN LOGS - by Lesley Zore

110 - by Lesley Zore


YUZAK - by Lesley Zore


Smrt Fašizmu - by Lesley Zore



IG: @lesley_zor3

YT: Lesley_Zore


Phone: 068-600-008 (Slovenia, +386)

Or in person – Lesley Zore.

Confidential contact:

Source (where not quoted): just use Google to check if you don’t fucking believe me!

Discord: Lesley Zore#4720


A factual geopolitical "diary" by Lesley Zore


YEREVAN: As Armenia demobilized following Kavkaz-2020 CSTO-aligned exercises, Azerbaijan answered border tensions in the Nagorno-Karabakh region with alleged artillery shelling. Armenia conducted an airstrike. Azerbaijan answered with an offensive. Azerbaijan was in the middle of exercising; a whole lot of the Turkish Armed Forces are present. Azerbaijan has pushed into the satellite region of Yerevan in the last few days, but cannot push any further due to mountainous terrain. Both sides are satisfied; Yerevan is glad with a stalemate and Baku took what he saw as takeable. Fierce clashes continue; Armenia with SAR-Kurd-Iran-CSTO support on one side, and Azerbaijan with much more condensed Turkish support on the other side.




WASHINGTON: There are news articles about a US-centered poll on the web. The news claim over 60% of US Americans think a second American civil war is coming. It seems the source is a far-right militia organization named the Proud Boys; the ones Trump told to "stand back, stand by". This article is probably a piece of far-right propaganda calling for a race war. Racist accelerationism must be stopped, no matter the price. Death to fascism!




MINSK: Though Cyprus had been vetoing this verdict for many weeks 'till the conclusion, the European Union has reportedly gained support of all member states to enforce sanctions on the Republic of Byelarus. Minsk threatens to blockade Lithuania in response. It seems those sanctions are directed to individuals only, but AlJazeera's reports are contradictory.(edited)




BAKU: Armeni-Azerbaijani clashes intensify as three Azerbaijani airplanes' crews are KIA by Armenian AA.




YEREVAN: Hopes for a ceasefire in the first week of the war shatter as numerous deaths are recorded in a heavy-battle onslaught on the Armenian-Azerbaijan border in the Nagorno-Karabakh region claimed by both parties. Heavy escalation is present.(edited)

October 4, 2020




ACCRA: It's not news, but I urge you to take a look at recent events in the Ghana-Togo region in the last two weeks... Nobody is casting their time to take a look at what's happening there... West Togo is succeeding from Ghana!




ACCRA: It is not clear whether the Ghana government or the secessionists control the Volta region. Please stand by for further information provision.




YEREVAN: By Lelsey's calculations and estimates, the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict of 2020 has approached at least 4'500 deaths.(edited)




ACCRA: we help edit Wikipedia articles as geopolitical news come.




ACCRA: Republic of Ghana loses ability to conduct security operations in parts of Western Togoland regions. Study Group seems to be taking de facto oversight over unknown locations in the Volta region; security coherency of the Ghana Government is falling apart.



LG: Lesley Geopolitical publishes a study confirming "100% of channels following Lesley Geopolitical news note her as a news boy". The result is condemned as "sad" by highest paleontologists, sociologists and scientists.



YEREVAN: President of the satellite of Armenia (Nagorno-Karabakh: NGKB) claims to have not attacked the Azerbaijani grounds with missiles today; Baku counters this with a photo which appears to present missile damage. The president of NGKB claims he personally blocked such a missile strike. We note over 400 between 400 and 600 tanks destroyed (Per opposition, respectfully)



YEREVAN: Armenian Government (NNS) states a number of foreigners arrested on charges of Espionage.



BAKU: Less than two hours ago, Tartar and Mingachevir (later being the 4th largest city in Azerbaijan with over 100'000 residents) were shelled by Armenia. A water reservoir was targeted, justified as a strategic "military" target, though our teams question validity of this. Less than an hour ago, Baku made additional claims on what cities are being shelled.



YEREVAN: Artsakh president badly wounded by Azerbaijan forces according to Baku; he appears to be completely fine in videos. Disinformation warfare continues on both sides after the internet shutdown in Azerbaijan and shelling denials and misinformations by Armenia.



YEREVAN: Armenia promises Azerbaijan concessions and informs Baku publicly of an optional ceasefire.



LG: Lesley Geopolitical team (Lesley Zore) is heading for bed. This is not their wish, but such is life in Slovenia. Bye bye .



NAGORNO-KARABAKH: Fighting de-escalating for the 009th hour. Clashes are tense but the border is stable.(edited)



BISHKEK: Nationwide rallies scheduled for today in Kyrgyzstan following opposition's denial to recognize the validity of latest election.(edited)



MINSK: Belarussian channel started to call Lithuania "former Soviet Lithuanian Republic", Ukraine the "former Ukrainian SSR" and Poland the "former Polish People's Republic", after Poland and Lithuania didn't recognized Lukashenko as legitimate president, and after Ukraine decided to call Lukashenko not by "President of Belarus", but by his name only. (acc. to The Balkan Argument, "Republic of Ukraine" - @D̴̽̌ḁ̷͒n̴̐͌i̴̇̎l̴͌͂k̷̒͑4̷̈́̊#9081)(edited)




LG: dear @citizens, Lesley Geopolitical now refers to the disputed territories of the Republic of Ghana and the Western Togoland as the "Volga Region".(edited)




LG & TBA: Lesley Geopolitical and The Balkan Argument, please welcome Lesley Zore, our news commentator. She will take care of observing geopolitical events as neutrally as humanly possible.



YEREVAN: President of the satellite of Armenia (Nagorno-Karabakh: NGKB) claims to have not attacked the Azerbaijani grounds with missiles today; Baku counters this with a photo which appears to present missile damage. The president of NGKB claims he personally blocked such a missile strike. We note over 400 between 400 and 600 tanks destroyed (Per opposition, respectfully)



YEREVAN: Armenian Government (NNS) states a number of foreigners arrested on charges of Espionage.



BAKU: Less than two hours ago, Tartar and Mingachevir (later being the 4th largest city in Azerbaijan with over 100'000 residents) were shelled by Armenia. A water reservoir was targeted, justified as a strategic "military" target, though our teams question validity of this. Less than an hour ago, Baku made additional claims on what cities are being shelled.



YEREVAN: Artsakh president badly wounded by Azerbaijan forces according to Baku; he appears to be completely fine in videos. Disinformation warfare continues on both sides after the internet shutdown in Azerbaijan and shelling denials and misinformations by Armenia.



YEREVAN: Armenia promises Azerbaijan concessions and informs Baku publicly of an optional ceasefire.



BISHKEK: There are calls to unify the opposition parties defeated in the latest election, which they dismiss as fraudulent.



LJUBLJANA: Aleksandra Pivec (Minister of Agriculture, Vice-premier) pre-interpellated. This move was expected given the circumstances regarding her alleged corruption. Prime Minister will have the final say on the verdict, but all expect her to be replaced with Jože Podgoršek, who had a word with the Premier Janez Janša.(edited)








BAKU: Azeri army takes control of the city of Jabravil. Imambagi is now locked from three sides. Armenian forces in the siege of the southernmost fronts of the Nagorno-Karabakh are in a destructive military position; shelled from three sides, roads cut off.



BAKU: "Heavy clashes at Fuzuli and Jabrail axes" push Armenian and allied forces to Nagorno-Karabakh further backwards. Azerbaijan is getting ever closer to the Fuzuli city airport. If conquest continues at this pace, Fuzuli, city with population of 26 thousand will be sieged all the way to the city centre by mid-October.(edited)

October 6, 2020


BAKU: Azerbaijan celebrates partial retreat of Nagorno-Karabakh forces while Armenia says it was a ‘trick’ that killed 200 ‘enemies’

Conflicting accounts from the two warring sides celebrate their own successes while keeping mum about setbacks as an Azerbaijani report of capture of three villages was met with Armenian claims of eliminating 200 enemy troops. Azeri Min. of Defence stated that Azerbaijani forces had destroyed an Armenian ammunition depot in Ballıca. and released footage apparently showing the destruction of Armenian materiel. (



BAKU: The Azerbaijani unit was subject to intensive artillery fire and lost some 200 soldiers before fleeing, the Armenian side insisted.(edited)




ANKARA: Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu on Tuesday commented with dissatisfaction on international efforts to tackle the Azeri-Armenian conflict over the Nagorno-Karabakh region.



BAKU: Speaking during a visit to the Azeri capital Baku on Tuesday, Cavusoglu voiced their fears that a ceasefire alone would not be sufficient to end the primarily ethnic Azeri-Armenian conflict; this constitutes one more Turkish appeal to the ethnic tensions as a justification for Ankara's intervention in the Lower Caucasus.



PARIS: Minsk Group, tasked with resolving the Donbass conflict and the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire violations, failed to secure a truce in Lower Caucasus today after Azeri representation requests guarantees in exchange for a truce. Armenia also denied to accept a ceasefire agreement as presented, referring to its claims to territories taken by azeri forces in the last few days




Ouagadougou: Citizens of Burkina Faso in poorest areas unable to vote in the upcoming election as political instability prompts violence into the region and disrupts the internationally recognized administration. Al Jazeera: "Wracked by a worsening conflict pitting government forces and international troops against various armed groups linked to ISIL and al-Qaeda, the country’s government ruled it unsafe for registration to take place in 17.4 percent of its electoral communes. As a result, more than 400,000 people were unable to register for the November 22 vote."(edited)




ACCRA: GhanaWeb publishes an article detailing the bar on Western Togoland groups in the governmental region. We notice political violence rising in the Volta Region as the internationally accepted administrator (the Republic of Ghana) responds to own failures to consolidate total control of the region with political and administrative pressure on the region.




ATHENS: Golden Dawn party, a radical far-right Greek political core party, was found responsible for hosting an extremist organization, which conducted crimes of murder, and is unofficially a suspect to crimes of discriminatory, sexual and similar nature. "The members shall receive the worst punishment you can imagine", Lesley Zore states. This incident, now almost a rule, follows Golden Dawn's catastrophic failure at the latest parliamentary election. Al Jazeera: "The courtroom and more than 10,000 anti-racism protesters outside the courthouse, who had been demanding a guilty verdict for hours before the result was announced, cheered when the judges revealed their decision.

But the mood turned sour as police were quick to release tear gas and use water cannons to disperse crowds. Witnesses said people were seen gasping as the tear gas filled the air." Regardless of this success, conservatism, tradition and far-right institutionalization have a strong grip in the Greek society. Lesley Geopolitical will not stick to objectivity when it comes to far-right extremism and crimes such as ones committed by the Golden Dawn. Same far-right tendencies as in Greece are sadly present in most countries, including those opposed to Greece.(edited)

October 8, 2020




PARS: French politician(s) announce Nagorno-Karabakh peace talks between Armenia in Azerbaijan should be held in Moscow or Geneva. Given the Azeri and Armenian reaction to Minsk group's ceasefire proposals, external peace is unlikely, however.




ACCRA: 100 arrests conducted related to the Western Togoland rebellion in the Volta Region.




GENEVA: Superpowers interested in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict (Russia, the US) and their supervisor France will hold a mediation in Geneva. As delegations head to Switzerland, Armenia and Azerbaijan continue fighting. Lieuamap Caucasus reports no conquest in the last 24 hours.



ANKARA: Turkish Foreign Minister announces Turkey will host the first round of Turkish-Greek negotiations over the mediterian sea. A peaceful solution seems more likely than in the weeks before, with Cyprus, however, being left out of talks.



WASHINGTON: Trump refuses to enter a virtual debate with Joe Biden, preferring presence regardless of his illness. This may be yet another of Trump's attempts to become even more controversial, thus giving him rhetorical points.



LJUBLJANA: The ultra-fascist government of Janez Janša may finally be dismantled as the welfare-capitalist and lib-cap opposition comes close to an agreement on the new prime minister. The opposition will soon have enough seats to kick the premier out and restore the less conservative sistem of Peterček ("The five parties").(edited)




BISHKEK: After Kyrgyzstan parliament was stormed, Armed Forces and other forms of State-administered security are losing control as opposition takes over the streets. Is this the beginning of a swift coup d'etat, a civil war, or will it calm down with time? Let us observe Kyrgyzstan closely as it descends into mob rule. Seemingly random initiatives have been taking over positions of government by force, installing local administrations. However, those initiatives do not seem to cooperate well as they keep storming each-other as well. BBC: "Several co-ordination councils have been formed to enforce order on the streets and to carry out a transfer of power. Each of them claims to represent authority during the transition period." It certainly does seem that a coup is taking place. Wikipedia: "One group protesting in Bishkek managed to free ex-President Atambayev from jail on either 5 or 6 October, where he had been serving an 11-year-and-two-month sentence for corruption since June. Protestors also occupied the building housing the parliament and presidential administration. There were also reports that part of the parliament building was set ablaze. Protests continued throughout the day, eventually resulting in the death of one person and around 590 people being injured. A further few hundred were injured on the following day as well as protests continued. Following continued protests, the results were annulled by the Central Election Commission one day later. Prime Minister Kubatbek Boronov and parliament speaker Dastan Jumabekov also tendered their resignation on 6 October. The parliament announced opposition figure Sadyr Zhaparov of the nationalist Patriotic party as acting Prime Minister, and Myktybek Abdyldayev as the new speaker of parliament. Zhaparov had been serving an 11-year and six-month prison sentence for taking a government official hostage in 2013 until his appointment. The mayors of Bishkek and Osh, as well as the governors of the Naryn, Talas, and Issyk-Kul regions also resigned. A group of 13 opposition parties said that they had formed the Coordinating Council of Popular Trust which would assume responsibility for formulating ideas to find a way out of the deadlock. It is unclear when new elections will be held." (yes, I cross-check wiki with sources, etc.)

October 9, 2020



BISHKEK: Al Jazeera: Kyrgyzstan President Sooronbai Jeenbekov signed an order dismissing Prime Minister Kubatbek Boronov and his cabinet on Friday, his office said in a statement.

October 11, 2020



ISKENDERUN & ANKARA: A forest fire that broke out in three districts of Turkey’s southern Hatay province continued to burn for a second day on Saturday, Mezopotamya Agency reported. A woodland region between the districts of Iskenderun, Belen and Arsuz caught on fire on Friday morning when a power transformer unit malfunctioned. Several neighbourhoods have been evacuated, as the fires spread rapidly towards residential areas due to strong winds.

Agriculture and Forestry Minister Bekir Pakdemirli announced that seven apartment buildings, 11 houses, 14 businesses, eight factories, three warehouses and 35 bee hives had been affected. He said his ministry has launched an investigation into the possibility of sabotage.

Due to the continuing strong winds, firefighting aircrafts cannot be utilised so efforts continue on land, the minister said.

State-run Anadolu news agency reported on Saturday that the fire actually started across the border, in Syria’s northeastern Latakia province.

Anadolu accuses Syrian Arab Republic of possibly having started aforementioned fires by means of a military attack.

Nine plots in Hatay, including in the Arsuz and Belen districts, were designated as mining sites in August, and the Arsuz municipality at the time said the decision had been made “without any information on whether they were currently pastures, woodlands, water sources or protected natural or archaeological sites.” “Mining in Belen would kill the forests. Mining in Arsuz would destroy farmlands,” Nermin Yıldırım Kara, chairwoman of the Iskenderun Environmental Protection Association, had told reporters.(edited)




YEREVAN: Armenia "will not" follow the ceasefire following alleged Azeri shelling. It seems that the ceasefire was broken on both sides just hours into agreement.

October 12, 2020




ZAGREB: In the Croatian capital city, a minor shooting occurred. An alleged Ustasha nazi shot at the equivalent of a Parliament. A police person was wounded in the arm and the body and the suspect shot themself dead soon after. The investigation is underway; the official statement is such that "Croatia is a safe country" and "the event was random, not a part of any organized mass action".(edited)

October 13, 2020




BISHKEK: Kyrgyzstan MoPs to re-try to swell in a PM.




LESLEY GEOPOLITICAL: LG opens its frequencies to the Union of Socialist Revolutionaries.




ATHENS: Court considered penalties of up to 15 years in prison for individuals of the Golden Dawn who cooperated in terrorist, discriminative, violent and dangerous behaviour, organized by the far-right group.



CONAKRY: Protests erupt in Guinea preceding the presidential election, resulting in up to 90 deaths.



MINSK: Lukashenka is presented with Tikhanovskaya ultimatum with a two-week time limit.



MOSCOW: Lavrov announces success in negotiations with Ankara over Nagorno-Karabakh. However, the World Socialist Web Site announces a total break-down of those agreements.



YEREVAN: Armenia requests change in Turkish position before accepting any new ceasefires or peace agreements.



BRUSSELS: Brexit talks between London and Berlin collapse once again after both sides allegedly make "no progress".(edited)

October 14, 2020




NEW YORK: Saudi Arabia fails in bid for seat on UN Human Rights Council. China, Russia and Cuba win seats instead. Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Venezuela and Nepal were all successful in the vote as well. In total, 15 countries are now members of the UNHRC.



WASHINGTON, DC: MQ-9 drones and coastal defence systems to be sold to Taiwan (RoC).(edited)




MINSK: Over 700 protesters detained in a single day.



WASHINGTON, DC: WSWS publishes enormous profits of the American banks made through social inequality created by the coronavirus crisis of unemployment etc.



TEL AVIV: Israel, US to work on laser AA weapons against UAVs.(edited)




ANKARA: Republic of Turkey unofficially alleged of destabilising the gulf region by continuing military cooperation with Qatar. Seeing all thr developments Lesley Geopolitical has disucces that have to do with Turkey since the self-coup, it sure does seem that everyone in the region is turking away from Ankara.



TEL AVIV, BAKU: Israeli High Court rejects the calls to bar weapons sales to Azerbaijan. Myanmar reportedly follows the path equal to Israel.




BEIRUT: Reuters: "Lebanon, Israel to hold talks on maritime border"



ANKARA: Erdogan denies involvement of the FSA in the Azeri-Armenian conflict.(edited)




BISHKEK: A novel PM was, finally, approved by the parliament. Now, it is on the president to ratify their position and for the parliamentary re-election to take place.

October 15, 2020




LJUBLJANA: Lesley declares red alarm. The country of Slovenia leaves European economic model for Brito-American. All public agencies related to economics are being unified in a single agency for finances. This is a clear violation of the EU legislature, as this new agency is directly responsible to the Parliament and the Government and does not function independently and cannot prevent formation of complete monopolies. This practically bars low-budget local economic initiatives from having any role in Slovenian wider market.

Simultaneously, the government closes schools, isolates most of the country's regions and mandates masks on the street. It is thought that there will be little exceptions to those rules, and they will not take care of personal circumstances.




BISHKEK: Kyrgyz president resigns. See our server or scroll up for the backstory. Update: PM has recently declared themselves as having full power over the country, as there is no presidential institution limiting his decisions. Parliament of Kyrgyzstan confirms new PM's dictate over all branches of state government.(edited)

October 16, 2020




BANGKOK: After months of protests, and the governmental declaration of emergency not long ago, the rallies defy the governmental bar and continue to voice their demands.



KABUL: After a prolonged deadly siege for the capital of one of Afghan provinces, Talibani agreed to give up their gains made in the last few days. Possibly, this move was done in exchange for normalization of peace talks and de-escalation of NATO activities in the area.



BAKU: Azeri forces shell Nagorno-Karabakh heavily. Armenia continues clashes on the border.(edited)




NEW DELHI: Big Kashmir parties unify in an alliance to stand for more autonomy for the region after a prominent figure of theirs is released. Governmental reforms from 5 August 2019 are thought to be the first sociological-political point which may be questioned as calls for Kashmir self-determination are ever louder.

Thus, India has come to release all key Kashmir figures. A peaceful solution in cooperation with the Indian government and with no need of Pakistani intervention seems possible at the moment.



DOHA: Qatar receives hints of relations normalisation with Saudi Arabia.(edited)

October 18, 2020




Lesley Geopolitical: Lesley Geopolitical is a geopolitical news server now displaying international news to The Map Game server as well! Contact Lesley Zore to learn more. She is our main reporter on news from Caucasus, Middle East, Sahara and other regions of international hotspot concentrations.




KHARTOUM: International Criminal Court heads for Sudan "to discuss the arrest warrants currently in place in relation to /.../ Omar al-Bashir".



MANAMA: Israeli delegates arrive in Bahrain for talks on relations normalization with the Bahrain government. The US treasury secretary is present as an aide in support of Israel.



ANKARA, WASHINGTON, BAKU: NATO continues to diverge from Turkish role in the Middle East and the Caucasus with Pompeo denouncing Turkish role in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict (2020). As Pompeo declares Turkey a country whose military exports to Armenia increased six fold in a year, Erdogan accuses Russia, US and France of all actively and selectively supplying Armenia. This claim follows many Turkish allegations on Rojava and Iranian support to Yerevan. On the other hand, Armenia accuses Turkey of basically controlling the Azeri side of the conflict.



MOSCOW, YEREVAN: RIA reports increased activities of the Russian Navy in the Caspian Sea, allegedly either in support of Armenia (who does not access the sea) or to intimidate/warn Azerbaijan.



BAKU: It seems that the only thing Armenia and Azerbaijan have agreed on so far is to exchange dead bodies, as confirmed by the latest announcements by Azerbaijan.



MOSCOW: Russia denounces slander about a lockdown of Schools and the cancellation of the Unified State Exam in relation to the Coronavirus pandemic, which has embattled Russian Federation in recent months.



WSWS: World Socialist Web Site continues to counter EU policies of "herd immunity" although the scientific and technical branches of the government claim the goal to be "halting the spread of the pandemic until the vaccine is distributed".(edited)



MOSCOW: Russian Federation may deliver conventional military personnel in Syria into the Idlib front. This is seen as a push by Moscow to reverse the Turkish upper hand in negotiations gained by the successful resistance of FSA forces in the Idlib region. Assad's/SAA's/SAR's and YPG's/SDF's difficulties in fighting Turkey may come to an end if such an offensive takes place.(edited)




HANOI: Greatest peaceful military losses in history declared as avalanches take the lives of a number of Viet soldiers.



Lesley Geopolitical Internal Message: server-internal self-promotion! Please do check out!



TEHRAN: ""As of today, all restrictions on the transfer of arms, related activities and financial services to and from The Islamic Republic of Iran, and all prohibitions regarding the entry or transit through territories of the United Nations Member States previously imposed on a number of Iranian citizens and military officials, are all automatically terminated,” - Iranian Foreign Ministry. Nuclear blockade against Iran comes to an end. The arms embargo is canceled after the American calls for its extension. A reminder: in 2015, the Iranian nuclear deal aimed at preventing Iran from becoming a nuclear power. In 2018, the US refrained from playing a serious role in the deal any longer. In the last year, US pressure against Iran increased many fold as Trump uses Iran as a talking point of controversy to gain more rhetoric from.



LONDON, ANKARA: "Turkey transported 10 UK-made Banshee target drones to the Sinop firing range at the same time it was purportedly transferring its S-400 air defence systems to the same location,'' the Drive magazine said, citing reports. According to the magazine, the drones could have been part of the alleged capability tests of the S-400s Ankara purchased from Russia.




LA PAZ: Bolivia holds elections. Importance of theirs is rooted in the transition from the regime set up after the 2019 coup d'etat.



ISLAMABAD: Protests to oust the Pakistan PM intensify. Protests turn into opposition rallies.(edited)




ABUJA: SARS units (specialist squads of the Nigerian armed/police forces) are to be renamed into the SWAT squads. They are to be given more permissions. This has triggered an angry response by the population, accusing the units of torture, sexual and physical violence, of raids and other questionable behaviour.




MANILA: CP of the Philippines continues its insurgency, now fighting PRC corporations.(edited)




NEW DELHI: "Indian army says it apprehended the PLA soldier after he strayed across a contested de facto border in the western Himalayan region /.../ and would be returned after the completion of formalities, the Indian army said in a statement on Monday." - Al Jazeera




PRAGUE: Unconfirmed: The police force control in Prague is crumbling due to uprisings countering measures against COVID-19.



LA PAZ: Luis Arce restores Morales' party grip on presidential powers at an electoral victory!

October 24, 2020




TRIPOLI, TOBRUK: UN approaches a "permanent ceasefire" between Haftar and Internationally Recognized Libyan Government. There are fears this ceasefire is just another false hope.

October 27, 2020




BAKU, YEREVAN: In a few hours, a new ceasefire between Azerbaijan and Armenia comes into effect. (per Pentagon)



MISK: Military-grade weapons used against protestors in Belarus as more than 100k flood the streets with the Byelarusian Rada 1918 flags, a.k.a. Central Council flags.



MISK: State shutdown strikes take effect in some hours to some days, attempting to halt all Belarus' economy and collapse the military and the government. (per opposition)



BANGKOK: Thai demonstrators declared an investigation against the King to be launched in Germany in relation to illegal royale activity conducted abroad.



MICHIGAN: Three right-wing organizations have filed a lawsuit to overturn SoS Jocelyn Benson’s order banning open carry of firearms at polling stations. It seems these groups demand arms at polling stations.



LJUBLJANA: After 6 months of protests, 4 of those really active, anarchist technocrat protest movement against the far-right government of Slovenia collapses. After a failed small coup attempt weeks ago, and new militant bans on the protests conducted by the authorities, the weekly protests were called off by the organizers and all prominent members.




BAKU, YEREVAN: As fighting in the Nagorno-Karabakh region approached 5000 deaths according to the Russian Federation, this rhetorical figure seems to be expanded on by per enemy fatalities which can be summed up to 6614 Azeri soldiers killed, 397 civilians killed, 188 Syrian-Kurdish volunteers killed and at least 2000 Armenian soldiers. Thus, fatalities already exceed 9'000 deaths. The fighting has been ongoing for a month now.



YEREVAN: Pro-Armeni forces withdraw from last pockets of their resistance between the Azeri break-in in the southern front and the Iranian front. Although this on one hand proves the ineffectiveness of the US ceasefire announced not long ago, it also promises an end to the conflict's spillovers into Persia.



WASHINGTON: As Amy Coney is installed as a supreme ("constitutional") judge, anti-authortiation and anti-racist organizations continue to voice alarms over DC's far-right rhetoric policies.



LJUBLJANA: For a few days in a row now, nearly 0.1% of the country tests positive for coronavirus every day. Given the stability of the trend, 2-4% of the country could be actively positive at a time soon. Experts warn only 10% of infections are caught in testing, providing a suspicion that this number may in reality exceed one third of the population in a week's time.



LJUBLJANA: Slovenian far-right government, which recently halted months of protests, is prompted to call for a referendum about its proposal to invest 780 million euros into the military. Slovenian state budget's yearly revenue is currently at 9 billion euros, with 13 billion expenses yearly. Additionally spending almost a billion on military (twice the usual yearly military budget) for tanks seems unreasonable to many, who see no point in the State of Slovenia having a military when it's protected by everyone. Disbanding the military or reorganizing it into emergency support units has been an alternative for some time now.

October 28, 2020




NEW DELHI: Following well-known clashes in the Himalayas that have been ongoing for quite some time now, India signs a surprise defence pact with Washington. The US promises India a guarantee of military protection. Lesley Geopolitical dismisses this gesture as purely symbolic and shall not be taken as a threat of a world war.



MINSK: Tsekhanovsky-ordered strike does not backfire in a breakup, but does not move towards any kind of a success either.



BANGKOK: Thai PM announces his refusal to resign amid political pressure inflicted on the government through riots and fierce ideological clashes.



TEHERAN: Regardless of Armenian retreat from the Salient below the Southern Front of the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict with Azerbaijan, Iran moves ballistic and other strategic forces to north of Persia, to prevent further spillovers of the conflict by the means of sheer force.



DAMASCUS: Following a minor resurgence of clashes in the Ildib front between Russian support troops and the FSA/Turkish fighters, Syrian Arab Republic receives an ultimatum by Ankara to prevent any offensives around Idlib or prepare for an all-out war.



ANKARA: Inflation of the Turkish Lira continues as Turkish gamble for its power in the region approaches new levels in the last years.



RIYADH: Saudi Arabia accuses Houthi forces of launching a drone offensive through the whole border. Houthi replies, basically with "smh".




DODOMA: Tanzania elections will soon come to a close, with the hitherto president probable to secure their chair. The opposition voices fears of a corruption scandal as irregularities are portrayed in the election. Fractions of the opposition threaten with a rebellion, should the government come to a fraudulent verdict on the vote. Elections end in half an hour, approximately. The hitherto president has blocked social media services and SMS providing on the eve of election. Preceding legislation already barred international organizations from reporting on the election. The Internet has also been restricted. [Al Jazeera, Quartz Africa News, BBC]



YEREVAN: Shelling in Armenian and Azerbaijani held areas of Nagorno-Karabakh despite the ceasefire has amounted to a damaging force, which has already come to cost many lives. Although the two countries climbed to 9'000 deaths by the time the truce was approached, the number of fatalities was expected to drop as the ceasefire was to come into effect. However, the opposite is evident. [Wikipedia, Reuters]



WARSAW: Lesley Geopolitical ( already reported on the new sexist, transphobic and destructive laws passed by the Polish Visegrad Law&Justice party, restricting abortions. In response to protests which erupted as a backlash against the ruling elite, Law Justice chairperson Jaroslaw Kaczynski with silent approval by Duda condemns those protests and calls for a rise of Polish nationalism. He also threatened to topple the protests by sheer force, shall they continue. Kaczinsky based his appeal on Catholicism of the country, which is quite a strong force in the Clerical policies of the Third Polish Republic [Reuters, Euronews, APnews]



PARIS: Lesley Geopolitical Server did not find it necessary to comment on childish behaviour of certain nation-states condemning each-other for drawing caricatures and issuing economic blockades in relation to this. However, with Turkey now resorting to Legal Action threats and calls for International Community's blockade of France, Lesley Geopolitical News ( has come to the verdict to voice its analysis on the matter. We do not take interest in which of the two sides has it right. We do, however, observe the worsening of Turko-French relations. Erdogan seems ready to use every single piece of material against France he has to worsen relations with the European Union. We see the unbelievable high support of Turkishg Troops for Azerbaijan, while France supplies the Armeni. We see Turkish war in Syria, where the EU was first sided with the Opposition but now refuses to fund the FSA. More prominently, we can observe the border tension between Turkey on one side and Greece, Cyprus on the other. Turkey has artificially distanced itself from its European allies. We can only wait for when Erdogan will use the way Angela Merkel dresses to sue the EU at the International Court of Justice. [Reuters, BBC, DT Next]




TRIPOLI, TOBRUK: GNA publishes accusations of mass burials against the Hafter Forces, who have lost the grounds of alleged graves in the latest GNA offensive supplied by Turkey. So far, Tripoli and Tobruk have exchanged many allegations and threats amid the Turkish intervention in the conflict, which followed the almost-victory of the East. With newest allegations threatening to break what little of a truce there is between the warring sides in what Libya has become, it is vital to notice how much of a hotspot of the conflict between Ankara and the outer world Libya has become. With Tripolitania and Cyrenaica covered with blood and death, it is only the question of time before either Moscow/Paris or Ankara/Washington decide to press on with their UAV strike force, mass bombings of civilian infrastructure and raids against humanitarian organizations in the region. [Reuters, Al Jazeera, Daily Sabah, LiveUAmap Libya, Lesley Geopolitical]



ANKARA: Erdogan promises to launch a new offensive into "Rojava" areas of what is internationally recognized as Syrian Arab Republic, controlled by the SDF-YPG forces. Turkey continues to accuse libertarian left militias controlling Kurdish-majority regions in Levant of supporting the PKK's uprising against Turkey for some time now. Those allegations, although dismissed by both PKK and SDF-YPG, continue to be Erdogan's justification of the actions undertaken by the FSA in the region of Afrin some time ago and by Turkey itself in the region of Ra's al 'Ayn later on. Some hint or point at this speech being a response to the newest Opposition vs. SAA clashes in the Ildib front, though others point at this being an attempt by Ankara to justify another invasion into Kurdish-held areas of Syria. Erdogan as well published his accusations on the number of Kurdish volunteers to Armenia: 2 thousand, he says. [Hurriyet Daily News, Reuters, Daily Sabbath, National Post, Devidisource]




TOKIO: Highest military alarms are raised as Moscow reportedly prepares to generate a full-on strike against Japanese alleged presence in disputed areas, following Russian disagreement with Tokyo on Kuril islands. Reportedly, Moscow announces to deploy deadly S-400 AA Missiles to the islands to fight off Japan; a new cold war between Tokyo and Moscow that could become hot real soon starts to form. As both sides keep their gunpowder dry, it is unclear whether these tensions are truly worrying or are they a misunderstanding. This news article will possibly get an update in Lesley Geopolitical notices any further tensions between the two powers. [Eurasian Times, Russia News, News-lynx, Russia news review]



MOSCOW: Russian Aerospace Forces claim to have tested a new-generation anti-projectile defence short-range missile, aimed at protecting civilian and strategic targets in the scenario of a ballistic war. The missile is finally capable of protecting positions from deadly projectiles. The missile was tested in Kazakhstan, marking this a result of the CSTO (Collective Security Treaty Organization) or the Commonwealth of Independent States. This system could very much be sold to Russia's allies - and not so much allies as well. Just let us remember the sales of S-400 to Turkey or India for example. [TASS, Russian RT, Al Jazeera]




LESLEY GEOPOLITICAL: You can always DM Lesley Zore if we made any mistakes, false claims, etc.(edited)

October 29, 2020




PARIS: France increases the number of standing army in urban city centre areas two fold; to be at 7'000. This is a hardly precenced increase conducted in relatively peaceful times (in regards to their justification of terrorism). This comes as France continues its armed support to Haftar in Libya, to Armenia in Nagorno-Karabakh, to Kurds in Afrin, to Greece and Cyprus in the Medditerean. All these actions are opposed to Turkish presence in the region, which has come into a cold war with both Moscow-Beijing and NATO. [Al Jazeera, Slovenian RT, French Govt]



BEIRUT: Tripoli investigators will charge no top officials, no politicians, no industrialists. Only low-to-mid level officials are being indicted: 25 of them, to be precise... Regardless of international pressure to take into consideration general political neglect, industrial exploitation, corruption and political pressure on workers in the port where the summer blast killing over 200 occurred yesterday. [Lebanese Forces, Al Jazeera]



DODOMA: Tanzanian election violence already reported on by GeoPolitical News ( escalates as opposition officially declares fraud. Opposition parties hint at organizing an uprising. We are observing the situation. [Tanzanian RT, Al Jazeera]



LONDON: jeremy Corbyn is dismissed from his position of the head of the UK Labour party following anti-semitism allegations. This comes following a number of leftist allegations of anti-semitism against the Labour party. The Intersectionality-oriented left wing of the Labour party continues to push for replacing the party leadership with the economically left fraction. Until then, Labour continues to operate at the level of American Democratic party. [Al Jazeera, The Irish Times, Reuters, Reuters Canada]




WASHINGTON: USA moves ahead with its sale of F-35 jets to the United Arab Emirates. Greece will also receive them: those F-35s, which had been promised to Ankara before the cold war with Turkey erupted. [i24NEWS, Reuters, The Times of Israel]



WASHINGTON: As riots in West Philadelphia resurge, they are met with lethal police force. Many are found dead and hundreds arrested, as White House officially declares the clashes "the Liberal Democrats' war against the police", a legally complicated statement. Federal guard deployed in support of police forces. Protests have recently spread to New York city. [WSWS, TRT World, WAtoday, WS Journal]



YEREVAN: In accordance with the only section of the latest ceasefire conducted correctly, Armenia received dead bodies of soldiers fatally wounded in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict until now. [RFE-RL, MENAFN, Armenian RT]



MOSCOW: Mayor of Ufa dies. [RFE-RL. Could not be verified with other sources but the source is trustable and why would someone fake that]



BISHKEK: Following the Coup d'Etat, already described by GeoPolitical News Server (, we declare Kyrgyzstan safe and stable once again. Order in the sense of governmental control has been reinstalled. We quit observing the region slowly, as Bishkek proves itself stable again. [Al Jazeera, Reuters, RFE-RL, Kyrgyz RT, Moscow Times, Hurriyet Daily, others]




TEHRAN: As Trump goes on abusing worsening of the Iran-US relations to gain on both controversy and importance at the home front, his efforts to gain political ground by ruining his activities abroad continue as "US seizes missiles and sanctions 11 firms over Iran oil dealings". [Al Jazeera, Institute for War, Eurasian Times]




MINSK: Belarusian president Alexander Lukashenko comments on the political situation in their neighbour Poland. As his politics are quite authoritarian and conservative, it is intersting to note he is ready to go so far as to supprt queer anarchist and feminist protests in Visegrad to fight off the EU. It must be sore for the old man, we note. [Belarusian RT, Institute for war]

October 30, 2020




ATHENS, ANKARA: A bad earthquake strikes Turkey and Greece, badly damaging Athens, Mytilini and Izmir. At least 20 blocks of flats collapsed in Anatolia. In areas cleaned of debris, at least 25 people are found dead and over 800 injured. The death toll is expected to rise as both countries will clear the worst affected areas. Across all of the Balkans, alarms were readied and some even fired preliminary warnings before canceling the alert. The city of Izmir with 4.5 million residents was hit badly. A minor tsunami was summoned by the earthquake as well. his earthquake comes in the midst of the Ankara-Athens conflicts in the Mediteranean. [The Map Game, CNN, Al Jazeera, CBSnews, Express](edited)




PARIS: Lesley's fears are confirmed as white supremacist groups begin to abuse the recent developments in Nice, France, to justify anger and violence. Islamophobia and ultranationalism, fueled by worsening of Turkish-European relations and the recent political pressure against immigration, must be condemned. GeoPolitical News has already reported on all these factors. As we can see, the cold war between the EU and Erdogan is receiving a new image: that of populist protests against everyone not fitting the AWD. @FOUNDER s of the Map Game server, Lesley of the, and all our members, strongly discourage such behaviour from continuing. We call for an end to discriminatory violence which has seen a rise in recent years, be it islamophobic, racist, transphobic, ultranationalist or otherwise fascistoid. We condone terror of religious extremists, but as my history teacher once said... "It sure is possible for religiously-led fanatics of any belief to storm this place... We must, however, see the result such an action would provoke: the Glory to Slavs movement would never calm down ever again, and the sole mosque in the Capital would be engulfed in flames - just like the Slovenian house was in Trieste in the year of 1920. We acknowledge the current rates of ultranationalist violence in the region... So let us weight the casualties a terrorist attack would truly bring on each 'side'." At least as much as we condemnt the terrorist attack, we condemn the terror and exploatation conducted by the neo-nazi, ultra-capitalist, anti-egalitarian armed wing of the radical right. [Sources not necessary this time around](edited)

October 31, 2020




ATHENS, ANKARA: Earthquake death toll climbs to 25, injuries to over 800 [Al Jazeera, Hurryat Daily, Greeek RT]



TRIPOLI: Internationally-rec. gov't PM refuses to step down regardless of promises made months ago. This move is applauded by NATO powers, attempting to prevent a power vacuum which would secure Hafter a swift victory. [Al Jazeera, Libyan RT]



DAR ES SALAAM: Opposition denounces the latest elections in Tanzania, street protests called for. Violence in the most populated areas erupt in the midst of what may be a fresh geopolitical hotspot. We continue to observe the region. It seems the parties only demand an electoral re-run, which the government is not willing to conduct. 20 people have been killed during the election, numbers continue to rise. The ruling party has secured a constitutional majority with 97% of parliamentary seats and has control over the presidency. [Al Jazeera, CHADEMA, Agence-France Presse]



MOSCOW: Yerevan has been arbitrarily distanced from CSTO defence pact, with Russia declaring it will help Armenia if and when the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict breaks into what is internationally recognized as mainland Armenia propper. This new definition of the Ruso-Armenian defence pact rassures safety of the Azeri geopolitical movement, as Turkey continues to supply Baku, and as Russia gives support to both sides. It is only the EU, in response to the cold war between Ankara and the World, who now supports solely Armeni forces.



SANTIAGO: Chilean anti-government protest continues as military engages force to demolish both Local Workers' Councils set up not long ago to initiate a leftist revolution, and the demonstration movement.



YEREVAN: Azeri forces are around 10 kilometers from the Nagorno-Karabakh capital of Stepanakert. Is the Turko-Azeria alliance capable of taking all the land they claim? How will this element of the Turkish Cold War develop? Thousands of Azeri soldiers push towards Sushi, Shosh.




TBILISI: Georgian parliamentary election probable to oust the ruling party, due to a change in the system of voting. Election is to finish in a few hours.



ANKARA: Turkish Cold War escalates as Turkey, EU and the US fail to come to a conclusion on whether the earthquake was of magnitude of 6.6, 6.9 or 7.0 per VILL respectively.



ANKARA: As Turkish Lira continues to drop amid Erdogan's actions in Caucasus, the Black Sea, Greek Border, Mediterian, Cyprus, Libya and Syria, Turkish Central Bank promises to pay 10 billion USD in debt in the three months ahead of us.



MOSCOW: Regardless of Russian successes in provocations relating to the latest clashes in Libya, regardless of successful defence of Cyrenaica from the GNA in Libya and regardless of Russian rigidness in the Caucasus, Russian Ruble continues to drop. This week, losses were immense.



TRIPOLI: Internationally-rec. gov't of Libya in Tripoli holds local elections (municipalities).



BERLIN: Decade after deadline, Berlin Brandenburg Airport construction comes to an end.



DONBASS: Donbass People's Republic's People's Militia deputy chief-of-staff predicts escalation in the Donbass/Lugansk - Ukraine conflict as pro-Kyiv forces continue to shell DPR positions regardless of Russian Federation's warnings.

November 4, 2020

Yesterday at 4:02 PM



INTERNAL: Lesley Zore voices her apologies for not posting news for around 4 days. Sorry, she really was overwhelmed. We're gonna go on as usual now.(edited)

Yesterday at 4:26 PM



ADDIS ABEBA: Responding to an armed attack by an opposition party, the government of Ethiopia has declared a state of emergency in the Tigray region of 6 million people, ruled by that party. Armies have been sent to combat the rebellion in the region. Situation falls out of control as Tigray local government declares it's gained control of the Northern Command, which would promote this to a civil war in the country of 109 million people. Fierce fighting has already been reported. It seems that the rebellious region's ruling party is made of seperatist activists of the region who had previously been a part of the coalition with the ruling president. At least 50 people have been executed by the government in what is called "a response to the crossing of the red line". [The Guardian, Al Jazeera, BBC, UN News]



ANKARA, ATHENS: In Turkey itself, the final death toll from the earthquake a few days ago is published. In the worst-affected center of population, Izmir, a city with population of over 4 million, over 180 buildings have been reduced to rubble and debris; over 22'000 buildings were damaged; 114 people died and over 1'000 were injured in the initial shaking and in the 1600 aftershocks that followed. [Al Jazeera, AA TR, Reuters]



TBILISI: We have already reported that the election which was scheduled to happen a day or so ago would most probably remove the ruling party from their seat as the electoral system is no more positioned in their favour. However, the party has received just enough votes to form a one-party government. Unsatisfied opposition has denounced the election was rigged, however, there is no indication of violence in the republic.



DODOMA: Violence in Tanzania, which came to an edge of a civil war following a disputed election, has come to an end after a number of controversial arrests and eventual releases. Protests have ended, and the tensions as well... We will keep monitoring the region until peace is solid.



YAMOUSSOUKRO: Tensions in Ivory Coast escalate tremendously as the ruling president secures third term in what has been declared a falsified electoral outcome. 40 people have been killed since. Many locals have been detained, houses set ablaze, civilian barricades burned, as clashes continue to intensify. Special forces blocked access to houses of members of the opposition. Opposition reportedly declared a boycott election. [Al Jazeera, AP News, France24, BBC]



NO! We feel the urge to respond to some of our readers, who've reached out to Lesley, requesting reports on the US presidential election. She's decided not to do so, let's leave that to the mass media. We are geopolitical, not a newbie internal politics source.



TRIPOLI, BEIRUT: Warring sides in Libya lowered the intensity of clashes as a ceasefire has been agreed upon. [Al Jazeera](edited)

Yesterday at 5:03 PM



COLOMBO: Government of Sri Lanka has adopted constitutional changes, giving the presidential figure extensive, possibly dangerous, powers. This follows an approval of 18 new members of the committee for public finance. The president has been given powers to appoint and dismiss ministers. They have been given the power to oversee and veto resolutions of distanced organizations that oversee electoral fairness, have to do with human rights, and/or act as an international watchdog for the country. This has been imposed by the new 20th Amendment. [WSWS, News LK, The Guardian, ICJ, The Diplomat, Indian Express, Constitutionnet]

Yesterday at 5:15 PM



MINSK: Lukashenko accuses the Law & Justice party of Visegrad's Third Polish Republic of undermining his presidential position with clerical rhetorics and infiltrators, a so-called "Anti-Belarusian Fifth Column". We have decided to observe how much Lukashenko's rhetoric adapts to the situation. When talking with Moscow, he has been using pro-imperialist rhetorics, politely asking for loans. His rhetoric with the west is the opposite. He has stood up for women's rights and queer folks in poland following the sexist and transphobic bill ratified by Warsaw not long ago... Though his internal politics are sexist and transphobic themselves, and he would - most probably - approve that statement. Now he is referring to the fifth column as though he was some kind of a stalinist. The fifth column was a name for a fifth imaginary army of the Falangists in the Spanish Civil War. The term was referring to all internal enemies of the pro-left Spanish Republic... But not to rightists! It referred to Anarchists, to Trotskyists; though the name "trotskyist" was as well used for everyone who was of a different leftist orientation than the state. It is interesting to observe Alexandr Lukashenka turn to rhetorics, intended to attract leftier audiences. [understandingwar]



TBILISI: It seems that all opposition parties, unhappy with what they call a "fraudulent landslide victory" of the ruling party, have enacted a boycott on the latter. [OC Media, Al Jazeera]



LJUBLJANA: In the Slovenian Capital, protests broke out yesterday. Individuals who do not believe coronavirus exists gathered in the city center. There were around 200 of them. They were throwing bricks, using smoke grenades and firing small rockets. It has been independently shown the ruling party has had a lot to do with cooperating with certain provokators inside the protest. SWAT units, a water cannon and a helicopter were used to disperse the crowd. This has been ongoing in Czechia, Italy, and now Visegrad states for some time. Worried by violence between these groups and the state, but also worried about the negative stigma this will bring to people who factually cannot wear masks, we condemn those protests limitlessly. The Slovenian government has publicly blamed Anonymous Slovenia for the attack. Yep, they blamed an ideology. And the media. Of course, the media is both guilty for COVID-19 and denies its existence? It also seems that a combination of protesters and heavily armed police units beat a photographer/journalist to unconsciousness for taking photographs of special forces and asking the demonstrators "tricky questions". [Slovenian Press Agency, Slovenian RT]



LJUBLJANA: Slovenian far-right Prime Minister Janez Janša has made Slovenia globally known by being the first president to congratulate Donald Trump on victory when that still hasn't been achieved. Ways used by Visegrad politicians to build on PR have been just shameful in the latest months. [Twitter, Slovenian RT]




ADDIS ABEBA: Fresh civil war escalates as the Government conducts airstrikes against positions of TPLF in Tigray. [EPA, Al Jazeera, Abiy speaking, Sudan News Agency]



ABU DHABI: US sale of UAVs worth 2.9 billion goes ahead. [Reuters, United Arab Emirates RT]



YEREVAN, BAKU: Alarmed. Nagorno-Karabakh capital Stepanakert days to weeks from falling AT THIS PACE as Azeri forces cut the city of Shushi off logistically. The city of Shushi is well-known as an undefeatable fortress and is the last real defence before the Capital City. [RFE-RL, Armeni RT, Al Jazeera, Reuters, Azeri RT](edited)

November 7, 2020



WASHINGTON D.C.: It seems that Joe Biden has been capable of first arriving at 270 electors with too much difference for elector dishonesty or similar tactics to work in favor of Donald Trump. Currently, a normal and peaceful transition of power seems probable. As said already, we are not interested in American elections any more than in Georgian, Ivory Coast, Tanzanian or other currently destabilizing political struggles. We condemn both prominent US presidential candidates in regards to many crimes of theirs, including ones for which we wish a penalty was enforced: a penalty which Discord does not let us discuss. However, we congratulate the US on giving neo-nazi terrorist cells 0.1% less funding from now on. Not much will change. Neoliberalism continues. As of now, many have congratulated Biden, but some congratulated Trump before winning - like Slovenian Premier. The new Vice-President is to be noted as well: shall the 77-year old Biden die mid-term, the US will have the first woman, the first feminist, the first socdem, the first non-nationalist president in its history. Also let us note ultranationalist rebels starting to form their own, destructive, voice across the country, now angry as their main lighthouse president leaves the scene. Arrests of ultranationalists trying to rebel against the electoral results began already. The Secret Service has responded and installed sufficient protections for Joe Biden. However, so far, this has been insignificant, and has been overshadowed by Biden's supporters. [Reuters, The Guardian, NBC News, Slovenian RT, Al Jazeera, TASS]



COPENHAGEN: It seems the Danish Government will extinguish minks or limit their existence to prevent the spread of COVID-19. This measure is done as spread from minks to humans is detected, though heavily disputed. The russian duma has declared this measure irrational, "brutal" and "hysterical". At least 15 million minks will be put to death. We do not take interest into what they do, but in Ruso-Danish tensions that may pop up. [The Washington Post, TASS, NPR, The New York Times]



YEREVAN: reports are published of military positions in Shushi being bombarded heavily.(edited)

November 8, 2020



COPRNHAGEN: As Coronavirus has mutated to spread from minks to people, thus spreading more effectively, countries begin to block entries from or through Denmark. As the situation in north Jutland worsens, national parliaments who a day ago named the execution of farmed minks "brutal", begin to see reason in the Danish reaction. [Reuters, The Scottish Sun, Al Jazeera, BBC]



YEREVAN: There are reports the fortress city of Shushi has been seized by Azerbaijani forces and now the Turkic alliance is a kilometer from Stepanakert, the capital city of Nagorno-Karabakh. Armenian MoD states clashes continue in and near the city. Azerbaijan continues to alleged Armenia of fascist policies. Both sides continue to use ww1-era rhetorics in their state war propaganda. [Al Jazeera, LiveUaMap, Armeni RT, Azeri RT]



TRIPOLI, TOBRUK: GNA continues to accuse Haftar of mass burials. The two sides continue to exchange diplomatic insults and accusations. [Al Jazeera, Liveuamap, Reuters]



ADDIS ABEBA: As governmental offensives in the Tigray region continue, international watchdogs report the civil war as a great challenge for Abiy's role as a PM. Integrity of the nation-state is questioned as the 109-million residents country heads to a fragmentation, and a possible breakup. However, not all projections are necessarily so bleak. Officially speaking, the leadership of Tigray has already been replaced. [Al Jazeera, The Guardian, BBC News]



MINSK, MOSCOW: A rapid-response exercise to be undertaken by Moscow for its CSTO members, with the west alledging this as an excuse to deploy CIS soldiers to Belarus. [Understanding war, Belta, Russian RT]



TIRANA: The Democratic Party questions whether the bill proposed by PM Rama to strengthen his political position is constitutional, predicts a legal battle. This comes following similar stuff from 2016. The move of the DP was expected. [Exit, Opemam, AP news]

November 11, 2020




ADDIS ABEBA: The novel civil war projected to expel 200'000 citizens in weeks. Insofar, hundreds have been reported dead in the clashes, predominantly civilians. Reportedly, a spillover of the Tigray militia has been pushed into Sudan. [Al Jazeera, Associated Press, Council on Foreign Relations]



BELMOPAN: National election takes place in Belize. The conservative party's fourth term as the ruling party of the coalition is challenged by the coronavirus and the recent recession. [NACLA, Al Jazeera, Foreign Brief]



MOSCOW: Though this news log is not interested in Coronavirus, we want to point out how the US publishes its vaccine efforts of achieving a 90% effective vaccination, and a day later, Russian Federation tells us the same but 92% effective. Nice PR, keep it up. [Reuters, Russian RTV]



YEREVAN: Following weeks of negotiations by the Minsk Group and later Moscow-organized trucers themselves, Karabakh ceasefire comes into place. However, fatalities continue to appear as fighting for northern Shusha drags on. However, LiveUAmap reports no clashes recently and a very very very clear border seems to have been drawn, police departments and local Azeri administration is set up in the region taken by Baku in the latest weeks. It seems Turkey and Russia have aquired rights to monitor the region in return for war-time support. [Reuters, Al Jazeera, LiveUAmap, Politico, The Moscow Times]



GAZA: Saeb Erekat, a prominent Palestinian advocate in the mediterian Levant dispute, dies aged 65. A lot of Palestinian momentum dies with them. This is key to geopolitical situation in the Middle East. [Reuters, NYT, France 24]

November 18, 2020



ADDIS ABEBA: reports of slaughters of civilians come from TIgrayan refugees, alleging both the TPLF and the Federal Government of war crimes following the Ethiopian offensive in the secessionist party-held northern-most state of the country, where thousands of refugees have fled so far. In regards to the insufficient logistical and humanitarian situation of the region, the disputed areas have reportedly run out of edible commodities and medical supplies, so crucial to an area underdeveloped in its health infrastructure in the midst of a pandemic. [Al Jazeera, Reuters, Ethiopian RTV, TPLF, Amnesty International, AP News]



BAGHDAD: Rockets hit the country's disengaged and demilitarized areas (where they are supposed not to hit). Civilian(s) were killed and some displaced. [Al Jazeera, Arab News, Al-Monitor, LiveUAmap, Iraq Security Media Cell, Iraq Army]



SANA: Saudi Arabia declares it will only accept a ceasefire with the Tehran-backed faction upon a green light on forming a disengagement zone blocking the border. [Reuters, The Levant, Associated Press]



TBILISI: Following a disputed election in the country of Georgia (we already covered that, join our server for more info), the US Secretary of State - Mike Pompeo - visits Georgian president Salome Zurabishvili. They published a verdict of having to discuss "running fair elections", but according to US Embassy in Tbilisi and other local sources, the meeting was rooted in discussion about Georgia's territorial integrity: the regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which enjoy de facto sovereignty, still have a shadow blocking them: the shadow of a possible US intervention in Georgian politics to reclaim Russian satellite states since the war in 2008 so clearly de facto CSTO entities, though officially not such. It is possible the "fairness" of election is a codeword for access to casting ballots in the two seperatist areas. [RFE-RL, Al Jazeera, Atlantic Council]

November 19, 2020



KABUL: Australian special forces, engaged with fighting the Taliban armed faction in Afghanistan, have been charged with brutally taking the lives of unarmed civilians and conducting questionable behaviour. Following Iraq Logs and Afghan War Leaks, this further upsets the balance in the area which has so many times come close to both a ceasefire and a boiling point. Canberra government has since voiced apologies. [The Age, Al Jazeera, Reuters, BBC, The Guardian, ABC News]



WASHINGTON & ABU DHABI: A team of US Senators have voiced their intentions to form a political blockade on Donald Trump's incumbent-presidential plan to sell a number of UAVs (drones) to the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The UAE is well-known for its diplomatic, military and financial siding with their allies in the recent-most conflicts in Yemen and Libya, and elsewhere as well. The deal worth 23 billion dollars, which is for example more than the state budget of Belarus, or of Nigeria and Azerbaijan combined., may collapse [Al Jazeera, Wikipedia lists, Times of Israel, Politico, Army Times]



YEREVAN: Following a devastating defeat for Armenia and its ethical faction which supported Yerevan's control over Nagorno-Karabakh, the area recently captured by Azerbaijan, Armeni Prime Minister declares himself responsible for the lost war and pledges to take responsibility for the damage done and his willingness to help the survivors and victims of the war which killed hundreds officially, but resulted in between 5'000 and 12'000 deaths per international sources. This follows a reported assisination attempt on the aforementioned politician and mass manifestations protesting the peace deal. [Al Jazeera, Tasnimnews, BBC, Armenpress, Arabnews, Reuters, Slovenian RTV, Russian RTV, Armeni RTV, Azeri RTV, Turkish RTV]



TEL AVIV: Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to visit Golan Heights "as a visit to Israel". This is a de jure (following de facto) recognition of Golan Heights belonging to Israel, by the United States of America. It seems the "no step on snek" world is ever more willing to accept Israeli administration over the area. Assad's republic, nor the PLO, in the meantime did not voice any objections. This follows extensive rocketing of Syrian areas by the Israeli armed forces. [Reuters, France 24, Yeshiva, Idaho Statesman, WION, The New York Times, Independant, Syrian Arab News Agency ]



YEREVAN: Update. Manifestations protesting the Armeni peace deal with Azerbaijan have turned into a serious call for the government to collapse. Armeni SSR flags are waved everywhere. All central streets have been blocked. [TASS, RFE-RL]



YEREVAN & MOSCOW: It is possible Russia may proceed, after peacekeeping the newly established disengagement border between Armenia and Azerbaijan, to ask the United Nations to recognize CSTO or CIS forces as an international legitimate peacekeeping institution. [Understanding war, Sputnik International]



YEREVAN: Russian forces patrolling the newly established border in Nagorno Karabakh, have started inspecting each passing vehicle. It is expected the patrolling will last until late 2021 to guarantee stabilization. [Sputnik International, Understanding war, Reuters, Al Jazeera, Azeri RTV, Armeni RTV]



TIRANA: The Government has presented a state budget with the highest expenditure value in the history of Albania. However, they still forgot to allocate any funds to build, update and maintain state infrastructure, like roads and railways. It is expected this worth would extend a billion USD. Congratulations to Albania! (Truly, it has been argued this was done to lower the outcome but... It looks more like a mistake.) [Exit News, Independant Balkans News, Intellinews]




INTERNAL: We are now publishing our news far and wide! Example: I will now write and publish today's geopolitical news!



BAKU: Azeri forces have entered a part of areas of Nagorno-Karabakh, acquired through the peace deal. Armenian army will retreat from the region step-by-step, and Baku has taken the first of such areas. More Armenians flee the area, burning down their own houses left behind. [Al Jazeera, TRT world]



ADDIS ABEBA: Tigray refugees report further genocidal activity by both the TPLF and the Federal Government of Ethiopia. Slaughters, sexual violence, pogroms and burning continue. By now, federal forces have enclosed the capital of Tigray - the city of Makelle. TPLF fired rockets into the metropolis of Bahir Dar, the regional capital of the Amhara area. [Tiska Negeri, Reuters, Al Jazeera]



KHARTOUM: UN estimates for displacements in the Ethipian civil war of Tigrayan succession implode from 5'000 to 200'000 as Ethiopian military takeover of the region pushes more to immigrate into Sudan. The government there is preparing for the worst, especially in regards to a health crisis which such a packing of refugees could create, as Sudan is not fully able to guarantee hygiene in refugee camps. [Al Jazeera, Amnesty International, Voice of America, Associated press, Gulf Times, Anadolu Agency]



TEL AVIV & DAMASCUS: Pompeo visit to Golan Heights takes place. Thus, the US has voiced recognition of Golan Heights being a part of Israel. This was the first high diplomate, and especially the first US Secretary of State, to visit Golan Heights as a part of a visit to Israel. By now, Syrian Arab Republic has voiced condemnations. PLO remains silent. [The Times of Israel, Reuters, Egypt Independent, BBC, France 24, The Hill, Yeshiva World News, UrduPoint News]



YEREVAN: Attempted assisination of Armeni Prime Minister, which we already reported on (join our server for more info), results in mass arrests. Armenian National Security Service continues to lock down political opponents of the prime minister as people go to the streets and block the whole center of Yerevan. Instabilities scale as both calls for resignation of the president and further left calls to reinstall the SSR continue. [OC Media, The Times of Israel, RFE-RL, Armenian RTV]

November 22, 2020



BAKU:As Azeri army enters regions evacuated by the Armenian forces according to the peace deals, it continues to find all infrastructure and residence burned down by the leaving civilians. This old news has acquired an epilogue: Azerbaijan intends to sue Yerevan on the basis of "war crimes, crimes against humanity, vandalism". Invalidity of such legal action is hinted at by international media. [MENAFN, Al Jazeera, AZERTAC, Azeri gov]



GUATEMALA CITY: The Congress of the Republic of Guatemala building has been set ablaze by protestors. Civil unrest in the country brings the area closer to a turmoil as the government passes a controversial budget bill cutting spendings drastically. Calls against corruption, and to end the crisis an "alternative way" intensify. [Al Jazeera, Daily Beast, The Ridgefield Press, The Guardian, The New York Times]



OUAGADOUGOU: Elections are taking place in Burkina Faso as of writing this. As we have already reported, 17.4% of the country's electoral communes are inaccessible due to governmental loss of certain areas to militant groups linked to Al-Queida and NATO-sponsored disloyalties as well. This represents 7% of the residents of the country. [Al Jazeera, Deutsche Welle, Associated Press, Euronews, Voice of America, Relief Web, US Embassy in Burkina Faso]



ADDIS ABABA: Ethiopian Government has rejected mediation of the African Union between the Federal and Tigrayan forces. This follows days old unofficial dismissal of the suggestion by the PM. The mediation was requested by the TPLF. Ethiopian forces are by now only 100km from the capital of TIgray. There are no clear reports from the region as communication lines have been shut and the internet possibly blocked. [Al Jazeera, The East African, Reuters, TRT World, Slovenian RT, Ethiopian gov.]



TEL AVIV & GAZA: In response to a palestinian rocket hitting an emptied factory, Israeli forces conducted a number of air strikes in the Gaza Strip, amounting to unverified scales of damage. It is certain damage has been caused to Palestinian infrastructure. Israeli Defence Forces claim to have hit military targets. Flames and destruction could be spotted in the Palestinian-controlled cities of Rafah and Khan Younis. [Reuters, Arab News, Al Jazeera, The TImes of Israel, Israeli gov]



WASHINGTON: International alarms are raised as the Pentagon completes withdrawal from the Treaty on Open Skies. The treaty was used to allow for countries of other countries to project and conduct observatory flights over others' territories as a tool of international surveillance. This treaty was giving the Russian Federation up to 42(?) flights over the US and gives USAF between 8 and 31 flight accesses over the Union State. The treaty was first proposed by the US and only has much purpose/sense with both Moscow and Washington incorporated. [RFE-RL, Wikipedia, TASS, Brookings]



MOSCOW: Russian Federation issues a clear response to the finalization of the USAF withdrawal from the Treaty on Open Skies. After alleging this action as unacceptable, Russian diplomats call for other NATO members of the treaty to officially guarantee their loyalty and firm membership in the cooperation. The whole treaty is shaking. [TASS, RFE-RL, Mid, Lesley Zore cannot guarantee truthfulness of this announcement]



TBILISI: After our reports over Georgian election and instabilities following the event, we report that the second round has ended with a historically low turnout (26%) and all 17 leftover seats (87% of the vote) were taken by the Dream Party (already victorious in the first round). [OC Media, Foreign Brief, Wikipedia, Agenda, Pledge times, TASS]

November 23, 2020



MEKELLE: As Ethiopian governmental forces say they have surrounded the Tigray's capital, the leadership of the TPLF denies this claim, showing that only days ago, Ethiopia claimed to be "only 100km away". According to the TPLF, Ethiopian forces "have not moved an inch for more than one week". Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) requests the Tigray People's Liberation Front to surrender within 72 hours. It has threatened to take the Tigray capital hostage with artillery strike. In the meantime, Tigray government reports break ins of Eritrean armed forces, which Eritrea denies. Ethiopia claims they are to start encircling Mekelle with tanks and armored vehicles. No claims could be confirmed, as all communication lines are down. [Al Jazeera, TPLF, Ethiopian gov, DW, The Guardian, Reuters, New Business Ethiopia]



MOSCOW: Russian Federation vetoes UN bans and condemnations on the al-Kaniyat militia. [Libyaalahrar, Al Jazeera, Reuters, Pressreader]



LESLEY ZORE: There is almost no news today, please contact me with material if you have any other ideas, thank you.

November 27, 2020



TEHRAN: Probable key Iranian nuclear scientist assassinated. Israel was blamed by the IRGF. Casual diplomatic fallout follows. [Al Jazeera, Reuters, Slovenian RTV, Irani RTV, Jerusalem Post]



BAGHDAD: Tensions in Iraq as pro- and anti-government protests clash. The political landscape remains as it is. [Reuters, LiveUAmap]



MINSK: Lukashenka announces resignation, shall the new constitution come in place. We are not to discuss all the background again. This may be a win to Svetlana. [Radio Free Europe, NBC News, Belarusian RTV, The Canberra Times, TASS]



MOSCOW: Russian Federation sends protests to US following a brief alarm as a US destroyer entered Russian exclusive naval areas. CSTO has threatened to "ram" the destroyer. [TASS, Daily Mail, The Sun]



TEHRAN: Iran vows violent revenge for the death of the nuclear researcher. [Fars, Sputnik International, Iran Front Page, Politico]



MEKELLE: Ethiopian army captures the capital of the previously TPLF-controlled Tigray region, according to reports by both sides. Possibly, the TPLF forces are retreating to transit into guerilla tactics. [Al Jazeera, Reuters, Ethiopian RTV, TPLF, BBC, Anadolu Agency]



ABUJA: An armed massacre supplied by the army seems to have happened in the farmlands of Nigeria, with 110 fatalities. Not much is known yet. [Al Jazeera, NPR, North Africa Journal, The Nation Newspaper, Daily Post Nigeria]



TEHRAN: It seems at least 10 readers have contacted us in fears of an all out war between Iran and Israel. Let us comfort you; Persian threats of retaliation usually amount to a retaliatory assisination or a minor rocket attack in Iraq, or a support deployment to the SAA. [internal message]



MONTENEGRO: In 2018, the Montenegrin parliament accepted the symbolic nullification of the paper which ascended the Kingdom of Montenegro into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Days ago now, the Serbian ambassador to Montenegro voiced his opinion that the unification of two kingdoms in 1918 was "liberation" to the people of Montenegro. For this, they were declared persona-non-grata and ordered to leave the Montenegrin soil within 72 hours. In turn, Serbia expelled the Montenegrin ambassador. At the same time, the Russian Federation has supplied Belgrade with a number of new tanks for a low or zero of a price. Update: Serbia has taken back their expulsion of the diplomate(s). [Slovenian RTV, Exit, BBC, RFE-RL]



ADDIS ABABA: TPLF retracts their claims of full retreat from the capital; they claim to continue fighting near the capital. [Al Jazeera, The Globe and Mail. Heavily unverified.]



TEHRAN: Iran Parliament has come to the retaliatory conclusion in regards to the assisination of the Iranian nuclear scientist, to block nuclear inspections on Iranian soil. Burial ongoing. [Al Jazeera, Forbes, TRT World, Sangbad Pratidin]



YEREVAN: Armenian president asks for constitutional amendments, formation of government of national accord, to limit the powers of all governmental bodies. Governmental resignation and a preliminary election is called for, in the meantime for a technical interim government to be installed. [TASS, AA]

GREEK LOGS (Fictional Geopolitics) - by a comrade

This is a copy of what Greece as a player wrote in the State Archival chat of the Map Game hosted by Braneski and Myself. I have come to the conclusion to publish the text. The Author is Warsanke. The game took place from 1815 to 1830 (a day per year that slowly inflated into two-three days per year).

We will not read what Warsanke has written, to allow for them to publish anything they want. Therefore, keep cautious.

An Offer...

The Friendly Company and various influential and pro-Hellenic individuals inside Hellas are anonymously contacted by an unknown organization that merely calls itself 'The United Hellenic Legion', or the UHL for short. The Legion, learning about the existence of yet another - this time a relatively very influential and powerful - resistance organization, seeks to combine forces in order to liberate the nation of the Hellenes from the grasp of the Ottoman tyrants and criminals which for so long have raped, pillaged, murdered, and enslaved the Helleno-Roman people for far too long. The Legion contains many individuals educated in Western institutions, and enjoys some popular support in the regions of Continental Greece, some regions in the Peloponnese which it will work tirelessly to grow and use to further the goal of an independent, fully westernized, free, and united Hellas.

The legacy of Hellas and Rome, the UHL argues, cannot be tarnished by internal traitors and foreign conquerors. Not only must the lands of the Hellenes be liberated - but they must be built up, the population must be educated, and the nation fully westernized. The UHL furthermore argues that independence from any and all foreign powers should be paramount - but that internal traitors, such as those who opened the Kerkoporta to the Ottomans, must be obliterated.

In short, the UHL offers an alliance between the Friendly Company, the UHL, and various individuals all over the nation in order to form a unified Hellenic nation worthy of bearing the mantle of the Birthplace of Western Civilization.

The UHL also warns against the primates (kodjabashis) - which it describes as 'Turks masquerading under a fake Helleno-Roma Christian identity.' Military chiefs also must be regarded with suspicion, and so should the Phanariotes of Constantinople - because all of them serve their own interests above everything. The UHL has also pointed to the American constitution - describing it as a 'prime example of what a new Hellenic state should become', but warns that Hellenes in the mainland are uneducated and barbarous as of now, despite the best efforts of the Orthodox Church to educate them and preserve ancient Hellenic, Roman, and Christian teachings which have now spread like wildfire all over the most developed nations of the world.

Formalization of the Alliance - The United Hellenic Coalition

Now that the UHL and the Friendly Company have signed preliminary agreements, formal secret meetings are requested and an official alliance should be established. The UHL proposes that the alliance be named the 'All-Hellenic Coalition', or AHC for short. The UHL furthermore stresses the importance of maintaining unity and, above all, a formalized command, control, and logistical structure that will secure victory over the Ottomans. In both asymmetric and conventional tactical warfare, it is arguably logistics that win wars - and not expensive training or equipment, though they arguably play an important factor. Without supply lines, unity, and a chain of command that can properly ensure all of these are a well-supplied, coherent fighting force that actually is able to enact orders, all the soldiers and guns in the world will mean nothing.

Therefore, the UHL proposes that such a command system is established - the 'Unified Hellenic National Coalition Command', or UHNCC for short. The UHNCC will oversee all military deployments, supply lines, internal issues, and other related matters when it comes to any and all Hellenic military formations and their related organizations/institutions/groups/systems. Civilian and political leadership could theoretically fall under the UHNCC's command, but this is optional. However, military leadership of the government is advised and insisted upon by the UHL - claiming that during the course of the war and the subsequent rebuilding, westernization, and organization of the state, instability could obliterate the nation from within and allow foreign powers to encroach upon the sovereignty of the nation.

A Phoenix with its wings up high - the proposed symbol of the UHC

Spreading the Message - UHC

The United Hellenic Coalition begins spreading its message all over Greece - with main targets being in the Peloponnese and Central Greece, where anti-Ottoman sentiment is the strongest. The Peloponnese has always resisted Turkish rule, and regions like Mani have, due to their war-like population and extremely difficult terrain, never had any Turkish presence within them - at least not for a prolonged period of time. The rest of the nation has been harassed by the Ottomans for centuries - with forced conversions, lack of education, the promotion of corruption, and so on.

The UHC begins spreading papers, posters, and also sends individuals (who are not important and do not know any critical information) all over the region to preach about the UHC's goals, about an independent, free, westernized, and technologically advanced Hellenic state, and about a life of dignity and no more slavery. It bases at least some of its command in Mani, which is extremely defensible and is de-facto "independent" from the Ottomans already, and from there spreads the UHC's message all over Mani and the Peloponnese. Other cells in Continental Greece - and a smaller number in Epirus, Macedonia, Thrace, Crete, and the Aegean Islands also serve to spread the message. One key theme is not only freedom, but unity. A popular saying has been developed, named 'Freedom and Unity or Death!'

United Hellenic National Command Council to Meet

The United Hellenic Legion has called an emergency meeting of the Unified Hellenic National Coalition Command - with the topic of military operations against the Ottomans. All capable fighting units will be mobilized, equipped, and given orders. Military matters will be discussed - and a solid date for the beginning of the revolution will be set: the 25th of March.

The UHL has come up with Operation Lightning-Bearer. Initially, military units will form in the cover of the mountains and the dark. When the time comes, Maniote units - accompanied by personnel from the UHL's military forces will advance north to capture Kalamata and link up with units from Theodoros Kolokotronis, Nikitaras, and Papaflessas. Specialist siege units with engineer companies of the UHL - still yet to be organized, but better than anything the local forces can come up with and with top-notch training, equipment, and assistance from advisors - will set out for Tripolitsa, using their heavy guns to bombard the fort-city and force its surrender. With Tripolitsa, the administrative capital of the Peloponnese in Hellenic hands, the entire regional command structure of the Ottomans will experience a severe blow and the Peloponnese will fall under de facto Hellenic control.

Before this happens, however, Alexandros Ypsilantis of the Filiki Eteria will cross the river Prut with his followers and enter the Danubian Principalities. He will announce that he has the support of a Great Power, and will therefore get people in these areas to join him. At the Three Holy Hirearchs Monastery in Iasi, he will issue a proclamation calling all Greeks and Christians to rise up against the Ottoman Empire. This will be done with the purpose of raising all the Christians of the Balkans in rebellion - perhaps also forcing Russia to intervene on their behalf, though this is unlikely.

Proclamation of the United Hellenic Republic - Declaration of Independence from the Ottoman Empire

Today, August 30th, 1815, the United Hellenic State tears apart the binds and chains enforced upon it by armies of conquest - and declares independence from the Ottoman Empire.

The United Hellenic Coalition, after gaining control of the entirety of the Peloponnese - including the administrative center of Tripolitsa, as well as the important port-city of Nafplio, has declared the formation of the United Hellenic Republic and its independence from the Ottoman Empire. The Unified Hellenic National Command Council (or UHNCC, for short) has officially passed and ratified the agreement - effectively bringing the UHR into existence.

Years of preparation and months of fighting have lead to this - with the Hellenic People finally able to rejoice as the era of opression is over and an independent, sovereign, organized Hellenic state is finally formed.

The Constitution of the United Hellenic Republic

The United Hellenic Republic is a Presidential Senatorial Republic - currently under a military leadership and martial law due to the sheer anarchy raining over the entire nation due to its war with the Ottomans. A new Provisional Constitution has been drafted and enacted, giving substantial power to the President who is also the Commander-in-Chief of the still-to-be-organized Armed Forces. Furthermore, the United Hellenic Senate - or UHS - has been formed to act as the legislative body of the state, with the United Hellenic Supreme Court (UHSC) acting as the judicial branch. The Provisional Constitution guarantees human rights for all individuals of Hellenic descent within the nation, and fair treatment to all humans. The Rule of Law is also to be prevalent in every aspect of life and doubled down upon in the Constitution. It is speculated by many that the American Constitution was a large source of inspiration to the UHR's, as well.

Other provisions of the Constitution designate certain powers to the governors of each state, with a state further being broken down to subsectors. Furthermore, the creation of a Hellenic National Security Council (HNSC) with relatively strong authority happens - which, for now, will fulfill the UHS's duties until the Provisional Constitution can be replaced. The military has, furthermore, been reserved a regulatory role - tasked with the maintenance of the socio-political order of the country.


The Constitution of 1815 is intended as a Provisional Constitution - called the PC - that will remain in effect for a one or two generations. The reasoning behind this is that the Hellenic people are uneducated slaves, and that giving democracy to them would be like 'giving a boy a razor.' The people must first be educated and must own property before any such measures are taken. This means that whenever the Constitution is replaced by the actual one, it will be revised in order to allow for more democratic processes and replace the many military provisions currently in place due to the state of the country. The main Constitution will likely see the HNSC's power decreased, and the UHS's power increased greatly - cementing its role as the nation's legislative branch.

UNHCC and UHC Dissolved

As a result of the nation finally establishing a legitimate and organized governmental framework, chain of command, and even laws - with lawmakers already enacting their first policies - the United Hellenic Coalition, the group of allied rebel forces lead by the United Hellenic Legion and the Friendly Company, has been officially dissolved. The centralized rebel command - the Unified National Hellenic Command Council, or UHCC for short, has as a result also been dissolved.

Their functions and roles can now finally be replaced by proper, organized governmental institutions.

Formation of the United Hellenic Military Forces (UHFM)

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, all military forces currently under the command of the United Hellenic Republic will be organized and transformed into a formal military worthy of serving the Hellenic people and state. The motion was approved and ratified by the Hellenic National Security Council - after which the United Hellenic Senate also proceeded to comply with it. Law 104 outlines the military framework by which the UHMF can organize themselves. The law further establishes the Sector for Military Operations and Combat Readiness, or SMOCR - headed by a Sectorial Commander with military experience, elected by the HNSC. SMOCR is the UHR's Department/Ministry of Defense Equivalent. All such areas of the government that are managed by military personnel will be named Sectors in a similar manner.

The UHFM is the collective designation given to the military forces of the United Hellenic Republic, and consists of the United Hellenic Navy (UHN), the Hellenic National Army (HNA) - also known as the United Hellenic Land Forces (UHLF) - and the United Hellenic Coast Guard (UHCG). SMOCR has established its headquarters in Nafplio - at least temporarily - and will coordinate military operations from there.


It is important to note that many individuals who lead irregular rebel bands of forces are distrusted - being considered as nothing more than self-interested, petty men whose only concern is power for themselves. The primates (kodjabashia), military chiefs (who, by the way, did NOT lead the UHL's professional army - which is what composes most of the UHMF - but rather lead their own rebel bands), Phanariotes, and "intellectuals'' of the nation are deeply distrusted and are therefore given no position within SMOCR or any major position within the UHFM. The only ones worthy of any attention are the peasants and artisans, with this being publicly declared by the new state and central government.

---1st Infantry Division--- (25,000)

-Alpha Infantry Brigade (5,000)

-Beta Infantry Brigade (5,000)

-Gamma Infantry Brigade (5,000)

-Delta Infantry Brigade (5,000)

-1st Marine Brigade (3,000)

-Engineering Company (600)

-Military Police Company (1,000)

-Command Company (400)

Forging the New Nation

The United Hellenic Republic, though it has achieved many successes and liberated large areas of the Hellenic nation and re-organized them under a functioning western government, is still a nation whose people are uneducated peasants living in poverty. There is no doubt that they will have to live under an enlightened autocracy - at least until they can become educated and own property. However, the new nation needs to be forged and become self-sufficient. For this, basic infrastructure to service the needs of the population needs to be established - and the foundations of a modern nation-state need to be laid.

The Tyrants and Oligarchs

Firstly, kodjabashis (primates), military chiefs, Phanariotes, and much of the so-called "intellectual elite" of the nation, along with local tyrants and gang leaders, are to be brought to heel through the use of the military - making use of the state of martial law all over the nation. Those who resist are executed on the spot and have their property seized by the government - which sparks some local revolts, in which the UHMF has to intervene.

Furthermore, the Hellenic people are constantly informed that the government works to better their lives and ensure lives of dignity for all citizens of the United Hellenic Republic can be lived. fools. The kodjabashis, military chiefs, Phanariotes, and the "intellectuals" of the nation do not receive the respect they wish for - which enrages them. Only the peasants and the artisans are considered worthy of the government's love and protection, and the government openly declares its support for them.

The Interim (Temporary) Civil Code

Though the institutions of the nation are being set up - with even an entire Constitution being drafted - the organization of the nation is far from done, and the country still lacks a proper civil code. As a result, the Byzantine Hexabiblos of Armenopoulos has been adopted as an interim - or temporary - civil code. The UHS, furthermore, is now both a Senate and an advisory body - but still has its legislative functions largely delegated to the United Hellenic National Security Council until the Provisional Constitution expires and is replaced by the actual one.

The National Hellenic Military Academy - Evelpoidon

With the establishment of regular Army corps, divisions, organizational structures, SMOCR, the UHFM, and a proper government to oversee the military's operations, SMOCR feels that it is time to finally establish an official military academy to train officers in the arts of war, logistics, chains of command, military history, and other military-related matters. As a result, the National Hellenic Military Academy (NHMA) - or the Evelpoidon - has been established. Using tactics and knowledge obtained from French and Prussians - along with campaigns waged against the Ottomans, ancient Hellenic and Roman tactics, as well as through the general study of military history and military tactics all over the world, the Evelpoidon Academy will train the UHMF and hopefully become one of the best academies in Europe. The main buildings for this will be established near the village of Athens - the ancient Hellenic city-state where democracy, philosophy, and many modern sciences were founded and/or developed in.

Taking Care of the People

With John Capodistrias having arrived and also having accepted the position of Vice President, the UHR is able to use his connections to get beneficial loans to the country from Swiss sources. This money is used to fund development and modernization programs throughout the country - with important ones being the establishment of hospitals, orphanages, and schools throughout the entire nation. New agricultural techniques are also introduced, and Capodistrias shows great interest when it comes to the establishment of the first national museums and libraries.

Urban Planning

The Vice President furthermore realizes the importance of urban planning for destroyed Hellenic cities after the war - and so, has assigned a prominent urban planner - Stamatis Voulgaris - to present a new urban plan for the cities of Patras, Argos, and Nafplio. Some of these quarters will also be used to settle war refugees - a great issue as many internally displaced people from the war currently exist. When it comes to Patras, Voulgaris proposes to erect the city on the seaside - which is a freer and more extensive area. The city will have a geometric composition, taking the form of a large parallelogram bordering the coastal area and will have a second ending at the periphery of the old down. 17 vertical and wide uphill streets will intersect at right angles 8 other horizontal streets, thus dividing the city into a hundrer large blocks of buildings. Furthermore, he also seeks to build nine symmetrical public squares, quays, vast and long boulevards or avenues bordered by trees and perfectly ventilated, fountains, arcades, green areas around the Patras Castle, and three main doors which would open on the roads to Gastouni, Kalavryta, and Corinth. He also wants to cover the financial costs for planting trees in Patras out of his own pockets.

However, a lack of funds and pressure from the kodjabashis threaten to put a stop to this. Further loans from Switzerland are secured, whilst the military is deployed to crush the kodjabashis and bring them to heel - and Voulgaris is given the go-ahead to begin his program.

The Quarantine System

Kapodistrias also moves to introduce the first modern quarantine system in the nation - which will bring epidemics like typhoid fever, cholera, and dysentry under control for the first time since the start of the War of Independence.

The Hellenic Currency

Kapodistrias also designs and begins minting a new national currency - the Phoenix, which would be subdivided into 100 lepta. The name is that of the mythical phoenix bird, and is meant to symbolize the rebirth of Hellas during the Hellenic War of Independence. It will completely replace the Ottoman kuruş (called grosi γρόσι, plural γρόσια grosia by the Greeks) at a rate of 6 phoenixes to 1 kuruş.

The creation of a national currency is one of the most pressing issues for the newborn Hellenic state - so that the monetary chaos all over the nation can subside. Prior to the phoenix's introduction, transactions were settled using a wide variety of coins - including the kuruş; coins from major European states, such as France, Britain, Russia and Austria, were also popular. Therefore, minting the Phoenix is one of the government's highest priorities and has been authorized by the UHNSC, President, and Vice-President.

Mutual Teaching and Other School Policies

Though founding schools is all well and good, the nation still has a lack of educators - teachers, principals, and other related staff needed to run schools. As a result, the state has introduced a policy of 'Mutual Teaching', in which the top students taught their fellow students when a professional isn't available. Education will also be made free and accessible to everyone in the country, with special care also given to ensure women also receive a proper and comprehensive education.

Foundation of the Chrematistic Bank

The Vice President has moved with the establishment of an organization known as the Chrematistic Bank - which is the 1st financial institute of the modern Hellenic state. Loans are given with small interest rates in order to crush loan sharking. The bank is organized with donations from wealthy Greeks and foreigners, with Kapodistrias himself donating 25,000 thalers. Furthermore, all remaining state estates have been mortgaged so that the state can use the resulting cash as direct profit so that badly needed cash can flow through the state's coffers.

The National Mint

A factory intended to create/mint the new national currency, the Phoenix, has been built in the village of Athens. This facility will ensure that the state has the proper means by which it can create its own currency.

The Administration

There are large issues and problems regarding the wounded in action, along with the thousands of refugees arriving in the Hellenic state from areas that weren't liberated - notably Constantinpole, Smyrna, Northern Epirus in Albania, and a few islands given over to the Spanish. The government, therefore, must confront the waves of refugees coming from areas still under Turkish, Albanian, and Spanish rule. In order for procedures to be implemented quickly, the high-ranking members of the administration needed trustworthy individuals at their side. Capodistrias, therefore, places two of his brothers in high ranking positions of the administration - Viaros and Augustinos - since he only trusted two of him. However, this enrages other old politicians who protest his actions and begin conspiring against him from the start. They even ally kodjabashis and military chiefs - forming a dangerous alliance. Kolokotronis warns Capodistrias that he is rushing to make the state Western with his reforms - but Capodistrias rightly tells him that there is no time for any transitional period.

The National Statistical Organization (NSO)

In order to set up a proper, working administration, the United Hellenic Republic needs to set up a national statistical service so that it may record everything the new Hellenic state had - such as supplies, its population, its territory, individuals moving in and out, objects moving in and out, road coverage, and so on.

Administrative Divisions

The country is split into multiple administrative regions, that remind one more of the states in the United States rather than simple regional administrative zones. They each have their own flag, coat of arms/symbol, and anthem - with each of them having a governor that answers directly to the Central Hellenic Government, or CHG.(edited)

Important Projects

Other important projects include the founding of the nation's 1st cadastre, the nation's postal service, the national library, national museum, and national printing press/house.

The Politarchy

In order to patrol the interior of the nation and ensure domestic security, Vice President Capodistrias establishes the 'Politarchy' - which is essentially the nation's 1st police force. In this way, theft in mountains and piracy in the Aegean is fought. This will hopefully impress foreigners and raise the nation's international standing - especially since piracy did a lot of damage to foreign nations' commerce.

Hellenic Shipping

The United Hellenic Republic's merchants and the merchant fleet is absolutely colossal. Sly foreigners propose to the government that Hellenic ships should sale under the foreigners' flags, offering protection and benefits, since foreigners knew that Hellenic commerce would rapidly develop again as soon as the war ended. Capodistrias, however, forbids Hellenic ships from sailing under foreign flags - instead requiring them to fly the Hellenic flag. Through this, the Hellenic shipping's rapid development greatly increases public revenue - and Hellenic merchants dominate Mediterranean ports once again.

Public Health

Being a doctor himself, Capodistrias is aware of the dangers posed by the illnesses that existed in Europe. Therefore, he has to take into account the health of the Hellenic public. As a result, hundreds of public hospitals are founded - with Vice President Capodistrias himself advising the public on hygiene. Capodistrias's friends and colleagues arrive in the republic in order to provide medical services, whilst Capodistrias himself translates French medical manuscripts for future Hellenic doctors.

Capodistrias's Contribution

Capodistrias donates his entire fortune to cover the state's extra expenses while he was carrying out his duties free of charge.

Internal Problems

The kodjabashis and upper class are not pleased at all with the centralization of power, government institutions, and other actions by the government. They find their power decreasing and their positions becoming irrelevant; though they didn't want to be ruled by the Turks, they wanted to retain the powers they had under their rule. As a result, none of the wealthy people support helping the peasants or Capodistrias's desire to redistribute land.

Most importantly, the Vice President forbids local nobles from collecting taxes - and sends the government's own personnel to do so. This is the last straw for them.

Furthermore, opposing politicians protest and demand a rewritten constitution and elections. The Vice-President responds by saying that "...Greece hasn't even organized a state yet. What would we do with democracy? We will first organize a state, and then we will become a democratic society, so that we can function correctly."

This caused outrage from said politicians, which formed a strong opposition which sought to remove Kapodistrias and the government from power. Capodistrias consults with the Commander-in-Chief, and both decide to respond by enforcing strict censorship in the press and limitations in freedom of speech - with the intention of preventing anything being written against Capodistrias and the government. The reason this is done is because the state isn't stable yet, and the slightest occurrence could spell trouble for the nascent United Hellenic Republic - and the last thing the nation needs is an opposition party obstructing their already difficult task.

Furthermore, Merchants also want immediate compensation for damages incurred during the revolution. The government makes it clear that first, a good economy needs to be established - and only then will the merchants receive their compensation. As a result, merchants from the constantly-rebellious island of Hydra attempt to take the Poros naval base - which is made even worse, as a revolt in Mani has also occured.

The Invasion of Hydra

The United Hellenic Navy dispatches three frigats to Hydra and Poros. With them is the 1st Marine Brigade of the 1st Infantry Division, along with about 20 engineers that will deal with the complexities of amphibious operations. The ships initially begin a shore bombardment of Poros, before directly landing troops in.

The Hydrans do not have any formal military training or meaningful equipment - and are therefore outgunned, outmaneuvered, blockaded, and surrounded. Without the necessary strength to continue resistance, the rebels in Poros surrender. Their weapons and supplies are confiscated, whilst they themselves are jailed.

After restoring order and dealing with other technicalities, the taskforce continues on its way straight to Hydra - a short distance from Poros itself. After bombarding the main settlement on Hydra itself (more specifically, its port), the 1st Marine Brigade lands on the port - taking it after a short fight with the natives. From there, they first objective is to advance on the hill overlooking the entire settlement - located just west of the port and landing zone. The marines advance, fighting a literal uphill battle. Fire support is given from the vessels nearby, who are also engaged in a struggle with the Hydriot merchants' own ships. Eventually, the hill is taken - and from there, the Marines are able to get a clear view of the town and also set up some artillery. The Hellenic flag is hoisted up high, as well as the banner of the 1st Marine Brigade - a clear show of force over the rebels. The composition of the forces located within the port itself are 500 Marines.

Meanwhile, to the west (in Kamini beach), a force of around 200 troops lands with the intention of opening up a new front against the enemy and allowing the Brigade greater flexibility as it won't have to be confined to just the port area. The marines eventually move across the town - forcing the last of the rebels to surrender as they simply are not capable of standing up to the military, regardless of their ability to move.

The entire island is eventually forced into martial law, with the Military Police Company being stationed there until further notice. Petrobey Mavromichalis is arrested due to his occupation of the national treasury during the revolt. As a result, the Mavromichalis family begins a vendetta against the government - which leads to the entire family being openly declared traitors to the nation and having all of its assets seized, with most of its family members put in jail.

The Invasion of Mani

The 1st Marine Brigade is transferred over on ships to Mani, setting sail for the area as its positions in Hydra are replaced by the MP Company. The marines will take part in the operations against rebel forces in the region - which have taken solid control over the Mani peninsula due to the Vice President, John Capodistrias, being extremely unpopular in the region and due to the local nobility being deprived of its privileges and power along with the rapid westernization policies undertaken by the government.

The goal of the invasion will be simple. The interior of Mani is incredibly mountainous, and therefore taking it would not only be costly in both manpower and resources - but would also be unecessary. Mani's economy, like most of the UHR's, is dependent on shipping and fishing. The only reasons these territories have any influence is due to their position as decent merchant strongholds and powers, along with the extreme autonomy that's inherently present in such difficult-to-govern regions of course. The plan is to capture all the flat terrain surrounding Mani, whilst blockading the region throughout the entire frontline as well along with forces of the Politarchy. A naval blockade will also be set up, with any incoming ships fired upon and sunk. Most importantly, special marine units will land throughout the Maniote coast - in favorable areas with relatively flat terrain - and will take important towns and fishing villages.

Major targets for the mainland army will be the towns of Kardamyli, Stoupa, and Gythea. The marines will focus on other towns such as Porto Kagio, Gerolimenas, Kitta, Mezapos, Pyrgos Dirou, Oitylo, Kotronas, and most importantly, Areopoli - the 'capital' of Mani.

The battle plan goes well. The rebels retreat from the flat mainland areas, whilst on the west advances happen all the way to Stoupa - as planned. This already puts a lot of pressure on the Maniotes, but if that wasn't enough, the Navy and Marines arrve and enforce the complete blockade of the region. The marines then begin landing on the beaches of Mani after a shore bombardment by the Navy and are met with stiff resistance from the Maniotes. Eventually, the invasion reaches its intended targets - but not without losing 54 men. This serves as a painful lesson for the Marines, but they continue fighting and complete their objectives.

Mani is to be held like this until a surrender is negotiated on behalf of the Maniotes. This will be followed by the transformation of Mani into a military district (known as a department) led exclusively by a military governor. A department is a geographical command within the Republic's military organization, usually reporting directly to the Sector for Military Operations and Combat Readiness.

The Freedom-class Frigate and the Port of Nafplio

Hellenic navies once ruled the known world. Though today the world is much bigger, the new-born United Hellenic Republic deserves to have modern, capable frigates that will simply outclass anything ever seen in the entire region and provide security for the nation.

The United Hellenic National Security Council has authorized the design and construction of a ship class never before seen in the Mediterranean and Europe, along with the appropriate shipyards to match. This port and its shipyards will be constructed in Nafplio - and will become one of, if not the busiest in the Mediterranean. 5 million Francs will be devoted to its building over the course of five years.

The Sectorial Commander of SMOCR has taken the lead for the design and construction of the ship class. SecMD consults with various authorities regarding ship design, with discussions of said designs taking place in Nafplio. Little will be known about them, as little to no written correspondence will be used - thus finding out the actual designers involved will be difficult. SecMD has reached out to ship architects and builders across the nation and abroad. Revolutionary War ship captains and many other important shipbuilders are consulted.

Timber and manpower limitations will not be considered. The designers realize that the United Hellenic Republic understand that they cannot match the European states in the number of ships afloat - but combined with the previous mention of constrictions not being considered, this gives them the advantage of designers being able to plan for enormous ships (at least when comparing them to their role). They will have the ability to overpower other frigates, and also have the speed to escape ships of the line. The design will be deep, long on keel and narrow of beam, mounting extremely heavy guns and making use of a diagonal scantling scheme for limited hogging whilst giving the ships very heavy planking. This will give the hull greater strength than the hulls of the frigates of other navies. This all will cause the ships to be very expensive, but the President accepts and approves of the plan.

Many experienced draftsmen will be hired to put plans to paper. Any attempt at tampering with the drafts will be met with punishment.

Simultaneously with the creation of the drawings, a half model will be assembled so that measurements can be taken in order to create molds for the timbers (a process known as molding). Molding is when the dimensions of the framing pieces are chalked onto the floor of a mold loft where a template is formed using strips of light wood. Once molds are transported to the timber crews, templates are used to select the part of a tree which closely matches the template. From then on, timber timber is felled and roughed out close to the required dimensions - afterwards being numbered for identification and loaded onto a ship for transport. Additional sets of more detailed molds will be required for each frigate for the construction crews to follow.

The new ship class will be named the Freedom-class - with the first ship bearing the name of the UHV Freedom.

Back to Forging the New Nation

Road Initiative

There is a horrible lack of roads throughout the entire nation which is responsible for nation-wide shortages. As a result, goods, services, the military, law enforcement, and people cannot travel from settlement to settlement so easily. It also hinders the transportation of grains and other products to cities and ports. Hence when one city has excess flour, a neighboring one could have a shortage and might even be forced to import from abroad.

The government has attempted to solve this issue by starting a road initiative. However, though the nation may have the capital, it doesn't have the raw materials or the needed manpower to move ahead with this. As a result, all of this will be imported from abroad - and a target of 5,000km of built roads in the next three years.

Agricultural Policies and Reforms

Production is furthermore based on agriculture - which faces serious problems because the majority of farmers don't own land themselves. Capodistrias's land redistribution policy was hindered by the opposition from kodjabashis, the wealthy shipowners of Hydra, and the Phanariotes - who were incredibly powerful at the start. However, with the fall of the Ottoman Empire and the need for nepotism and corruption in order to survive gone, along with the example made out of Hydra and Mani through military operations, the kodjabashi-Hydriot-Phanariote-Maniote alliance and the English Party find themselves losing most of their power. As a result, and this time backed by the guns of the military, the government once more attempts to properly redistribute land - and in some cases instead of redistributing them allows for loans to be given to farmers to buy the land they cultivated.(edited)

However, large areas of land remained unused because the cadastre doesn't have detailed enough recordings regarding land ownership and locations. This will change, now - government workers will conduct detailed surveys of the land, through the help of the manpower offered by the armed forces if need be, and then will present the results to the government - which will redistribute the land however it sees fit. If it accidentally trespassed upon one's own land, said individual can file an appeal to the specially-created Agricultural Management Committee and have their case reviewed.

Payment of Loans

In order for the UHR to not be excluded from European financial markets, it has made a promise of doing all that is possible in order to pay off its debt incurred during the Revolutionary War. As a result, the UHR is now able to easily loan money from foreign countries.

The total debt owed to the Great Powers is around 100 million phoenixes, whilst debt to English private citizens is around 200 million phoenixes. The debt to the Great Powers is easily paid off, and efforts are made to pay this off again - with decent success. It is hoped that in a few decades, all debt will be wiped off - especially as the state's revenues rise.

Status of Macedonia

The United Hellenic Security Council has passed a resolution confirming the creation of so-called 'Islamic reservations.' These reservations, partly inspired by American Indian Reservations, will house the Muslim population of the United Hellenic Republic - with them being forced to leave their own previous homes, though they are allowed to take their posessions and assets with them.

Regions in Macedonia, Epirus, and Crete - where Muslims are a considerable minority - see reservations established. In areas such as the Peloponnese, Continental Greece, Euboea, and the Aegean Islands where Muslims are not a considerable minority, individuals and their families are relocated to the reservations in Macedonia, Epirus, and Crete.

An Islamic reservation is a legal designation for an area of land managed by a Muslim minority that is recognized by the federal government under the Bureau of Minority Affairs of the United Hellenic Republic.

Decreasing the Military Spending

The UHR has an expensive military it needs to take care of - with 12 ships and a total force of 25,000 conscripted soldiers. For now, military expenditure will be lowered (aside from the construction and design of the Freedom-class frigates) - and will instead be invested into the economy and economic development.

15,000 personnel will be put to reserves - whilst the six (6) Concorde-class Frigates will be docked at port so that expenses can be reduced whilst the newer Freedom-class replace them in active service. The military will therefore only be composed of the Alpha and Beta Infantry Battalions and the 1st Marine Brigade, along with the Engineer and MP Companies.

State Militias - the National Militia Act of 1815

Due to only a minimal army being maintained by the United Hellenic Republic, the UHNSC has passed an act (the National Militia Act of 1815) authorizing each town within the nation to field its own militia. Every town can have at least one militia company (usually commanded by an officer with the rank of captain), which each militia company of a subsector forming a regiment (usually commanded by an officer that possesses the rank of colonel). Furthermore, the act gives the President of the United Hellenic Republic the power to take command of state/regional militias in times of insurrection or war. Every "able-bodied male citizen" between the ages of 18 and 47 is required to serve in state militias when called upon. This officially cements the role of militias within the nation - which traces its roots back to ancient Hellenic hoplites (armed citizens) and kleptic bands that first rose up against the Ottomans.(edited)

The Hellenic Minutemen

Taking inspiration from their American counterpart, in light of recent wars and events, the government has educated segments of the population about the American Minutemen (through public speeches, fliers, posters, and so on) and encouraged armed and upstanding citizens to independently organize and form militia companies that will be self-trained in weaponry, tactics, and military strategies. They are encouraged to 'be ready at a minute's notice,' by which the original American Minutemen get their name from, so that they can enable the Republic to respond promptly to war threats.

This makes the United States of America no longer the only nation that has fielded a Minuteman-style force.

Mass Construction of Roads

The government - now that the economy has shown continued growth - has doubled down on its efforts to build roads covering the entire nation. In the past six years alone, 6,000 kilometers of road have been built linking major cities together and easing transportation of personnel, people, goods, and services across the entire country as well as improving communication. Profits from this start coming in, and the government deems it beneficial enough to continue on its path of building roads.

The target now is, within five years, for 20,000 kilometers of road to be built throughout the nation - particularly in the mainland regions. For Crete and Cyprus, 5,000 and 4,000 kilometers will be built - adding up to 29,000. Along with the previous 6,000 km, the total number of roads built in the years of the UHR will number 35,000 kilometers. For 1840, a target of 100,000 total kilometers of roads built is set by the government. If needed, even farmers will be put to work into clearing out roads for proper use.

Special Territories of the Republic

Cyrenaica (Libya) and Palestine

The United Hellenic Republic not only managed to liberate mainland Greece during the struggle for independence - but was also handed Ottoman territories in North Africa and the Middle East. More specifically, eastern Libya and the holy (to both Muslims, Jews, and Christians) Palestine (including the important Sinai peninsula).

This is important, as the UHR can now control trade from North Africa to the Middle East. The liberation of Cyprus as well has given the UHR an important base by which it can oversee all developments in the Eastern Mediterranean - which, combined with Crete, Cyprus, Cyrenaica, and Palestine with the Sinai Peninsula, makes it the premier naval power in the Eastern Mediteranean.

But these territories are more to the UHR than colonies. Indeed, though the populations there are nowadays different, these territories were all Hellenic for very long periods of time - again and again, on and off. Lebanon, Palestine, and Cyrenaica were both colonized by Hellenic groups - with Cyrenaica being named after the ancient Hellenic city-state of Cyrene, which was dominant in the entire region. Both Cyrene and Palestine are full of ancient Hellenic or Roman ruins, and have a large and ancient Christian Orthodox presence already there. All of these territories (including Mt. Lebanon) have an important ancient Hellenic and Roman (including Byzantine) influence.

Upon taking this into consideration, along with wanting to gain moral superiority over other nations and their methods of colonialism, the UNHSC has enacted the 'Act on the Designation of Special Territories of the Republic'. The Act, also called the 'Colonial Status Act', guarantees equal rights and religious freedom to all individuals that inhabit these territories - with them being considered citizens of the Republic. These territories are able to elect their own senators to the United Hellenic Senate (UHS), thereby giving these territories the right to have their voices and needs heard in a democratic and fair manner. All individuals will be equal in front of the law, and will have certain inelienable rights as dictated by the provisions of the Constitution - thereby making them the freest people in Africa and the Middle East, who have or are still going through Ottoman and now colonialist occupation. Cyrenaica will become a part of the wider State of Libya, however. Palestine will be able to field their own state and Minuteman militias which can be called upon by both the state and federal governments.

The Levantine Road Network

Having roads within the UHR is not enough. Its Special Territories must also be taken care of, in order to not only receive the most out of them - but to improve the quality of life and prove to the people living there that better times await them.

Contractors from within the UHR, but also some foreign and local Palestinian ones, will be brought in to open up thousands of kilometers of roads. By 1840, a target of 100,000 km of built/opened roads has been set by the government - being passed down to the newly-organized Palestinian State Government. Furthermore, the construction of major ports - specifically in Beirut, Sidon, Tyre, Haifa, Gaza, and Eilat - is also ordered by the government.

Since thousands of pilgrims also come to Palestine, it is a major site for pilgrimages. As a result, a better road network will help in their management and will also result in greater profits from the state as more people will be flowing through - and in an easier and more comfortable manner, at that. It will furthermore allow for better trade and communications in the area - as well as the movement of personnel, supplies, and people. It would also ensure no shortages of food or other supplies happen anymore - and would prevent famines/exports from other countries that lead to an unnecessary loss in domestic capital (less money essentially going to foreigners for goods). Such things are important, especially considering the fact that Palestine is surrounded by the hostile Ottoman empire in its near entirety. This would also increase Hellenic influence in the critical region of the Middle East - which is always welcome.

In conclusion, such a move would (as said before) facilitate better living conditions and development, economic growth, communications, military logistics and transport, improve the 'tourism' industry, and prove to the local population of the government's dedication and that better times lie ahead.

English Party Outlawed

Following the massacres in Ireland at the hands of the British/English, the Central Federal Government of the United Hellenic Republic - in agreement with the United National Hellenic Security Council and the Politarchy - has officially outlawed the English Party and prevented it from conducting any operations within the country. Several of its high-ranking members are arrested in the dead of night by the Politarchy and Minutemen militias, then brought to internment areas throughout the country.

The English Party has been one of the main sources of trouble for the government, ever since the revolution of 1815. Through their constant political war waged upon the government, demands for premature elections and their formation of an opposition, to the coalition they have formed at times with the rebellious Maniotes and Hydriots, and all the way to the at times borderline servitude they have demanded the UHR fall to in order to serve the Great Powers, the English Party has been a thorn in the side for far too long.

The events in Ireland give a perfect pretext and justification for a large move to be made against it. With the Maniotes and Hydriots subdued a long time ago, and the English having no direct way to really support them (and even less reason to care), the English Party has lost much of its relevance and power over the years. Still, its members stubbornly kept going - either too self-absorbed to really care or desperate to still achieve something and not be thrown in jail. Alas for them, the day of reckoning has come - and the English Party's back is broken once, and for all.

Formalization of a Banking System - the National Hellenic Bank

Efforts are made to organize and formalize a nominal banking system throughout the UHR and its Special Territories by creating the National Hellenic Bank (or simply the National Bank) so that farmers and others can finally take loans at good prices.

The new National Hellenic Bank (NHB) will not be built in the capital of Nafplion, but rather in the ancient village of Athens - once a famous City-State in antiquity and the jewel of Hellenic civilization. Athens is furthermore in a defensible and central position - being located roughly in the center of the UHR. Furthermore, efforts to improve the quality of life and infrastructure all around Athens are made - with roads and government offices being built, along with Politarchy stations and Minutemen bases.

The Natural Resources of the Special Territories of the 

United Hellenic Republic

The Levant

In addition to the Levantine Road Network, the State of Palestine has begun searching for natural and subsoil (mineral) resources in order to cover domestic demands, hopefully grow the nation's industries and economy, and export. The program proportion is given to the Commander-in-Chief and Vice President - who authorizes its proceeding.

Surveys are conducted, and geologists are brought from the UHR and abroad. Significant deposits of copper ore, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, and diamonds are found - along with plenty of sand that could be used to make clay, of course. This is exceptionally good news, and additional surveys are authorized - with contracts for the extraction, processing, and distribution of said industries being authorized as well.

Lebanon itself is capable of producing cement, gypsum, aluminum sulfate, lime, limestone, phosphate fertilizer, phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid, and salt. Though not colossal, this is certainly good - and additional surveys, along with contracts to begin extraction are given.


Libya does not have much that is useful, apart grom gypsum. It is to be extracted and used for domestic purposes, and will also be exported.

The Resources of the United Hellenic Republic Mainland

Geological surveys conducted throughout the entire nation (facilitated by the expansion of infrastructure and roads, as well - along with the proper cataloguing of territories and properties) have been concluded, with the results being forwarded to the central government for analysis and discussion.

Key resources include iron ore, lignite, zinc, lead, bauxite, and magnesite, pumice, and perlite - with the nation having been found to be capable of producing bentonite. Small amounts of uranium and traces of petroleum (oil) are also found, but - as these are not used for much - they are mostly ignored. However, the most exciting find that completely rocks the nation is coal - billions of tons of coal. The government wastes no time - contracts are given to the most promising of companies, and equipment is imported from abroad (notably from France, Austria, Prussia, and the United Kingdom) in order to begin extraction efforts ASAP.

This is all decent news for the nation - which can now begin setting up mining and resource gathering operations. Additional surveys will certainly be conducted, and contracts are already being awarded. A formalized legal Resource Gathering Code (RGC) will be put into place, outlining protocols, rules, and regulations needed to be enforced.

The Push for Industrialization 

Nationwide Ironworks

With the need for industrial services and products within the UHR rising, and with a great influx of mineral and other resources that can now more easily travel all around the country, the United Hellenic Republic decides that it is time to create ironworks across the nation in order to be able to feed large industrial units.

Several entrepreneurs and contractors are hired to begin construction of ironworks near the cities of Tripoli, Larissa, Ioannina, and Thessaloniki. These ironworks will process raw materials gathered from mines all over the country, turning them into iron, heavy iron, and steel products. Blast furnaces, puddling furnaces, and foundries will soon start popping up in such regions - with hot blast furnaces to come into effect by 1829 (which would cut fuel consumption by one-third using coke or two-thirds using coal, while furnace capacity will also be significantly increased).

This marks a rapid turning point in the history of the Hellenic people and the UHR. Whereas once the Greeks were a poor agricultural people, they now are seemingly doing a complete 180 and making a push for industrialization. A mere eight (8) years after independence, the UHR has seemingly joined in on the Industrial Revolution.

Whirlwind Weapons Industries

With the rise of ironworks, Hellenic mining, and the rebirth of the nation in general through various infrastructural programs - as well as the 'agricultural revolution' also being undergone throughout the nation - various industries within the UHR boom. This results in higher supply, higher demand, and better transport and communication throughout the nation, as well as influx of capital within the nation and the overall improvement of the standards of living.

Taking advantage of this, the United Hellenic Military Forces have promoted the founding of domestic arms industries - with the government doing much the same. Several state-owned and private military factories specializing in the casting of mortars and cannons, but also the assembly and maintanence of other military equipment. Furthermore, the standardization of military equipment has been stressed by the government and SMOCR - and policies are enacted to ensure steps in this way are taken.

A prominent military manufacturer is known as Whirlwind Weapons Industries - who has established a manufacturing plant in Continental Greece. More specifically, its Theban Manufacturing Plant - which covers a decently large area with the most up-to-date equipment. Whirlwind, or WWI, is contacted to begin an improvement of the Gribeauval system. The system must improve the mobility of the artillery train, and must simplify maintanence by standardizing limber usage and wheel size as well as reducing the number of carriage types to one or two. It also must allow for cannoniers to be able to sit on the ammunition chests of the battery when the cannon is being transported - allowing the whole artillery train to move as fast as infantry or cavalry. They must furthermore be improved by making them lighter, and with a longer range.

Whirlwind immediately begins work - and comes up with the design, naming it the Type I Cannon. It consists of siege guns of 24 and 16 (French) pounds, and field guns of 12 and 8 pounds. Mountain artillery pieces are a 12 pound caliber, whilst mortars are of 12, 10, and 8 inches - with a 15 inch stone mortar.

The UHMF, satisfied with this, places a large order for 5,000 guns. 1,000 are 24-pound heavy siege guns, 1,000 are 16-pound siege guns, 1,000 are 12-pounder field guns, 1,000 are 8-pounder field guns, 500 12-inch mortars and 500 15-inch stone mortars.

The Railroad Initiative

Factories, roads, farms, good governance, an educated population, and a strong military with its own arms industries are all well and good - but in the modern times, better modes of transportation present themselves just waiting to be used. In order to keep the UHR a competitive nation, but to also increase confidence within its own markets, decrease travel time and costs, provide a safe mode of transportation, showcase its modernization and industrial capabilities, but also to facilitate quick and easy transport of militray goods and units, the UHR has announced a large-scale railroad initiative intended to link the entire country together. Similar initiatives will also be made throughout its Special Territories in an attempt to bring the entire country together and provide a higher quality of life for all of its citizens.

In the UHR itself, the railway will connect Kalamata, Tripoli, and Patra to Argos and Nafiplio, which will then go to Athens and go all the way up to Missolonghi, Lamia, Arta, Larissa, Volos, Ioannina, Argyrokastro, Koritsa, all the way to Thessaloniki and Alexandroupoli. In Crete, Chania will be connected to Heraklion via a railway as well - with Cyprus having all its major cities connected via railway as well. Patras will be connected to Continental Greece and Messolonghi via a large bridge built over the Gulf of Corinth - one of the many major feats of engineering being accomplished in the UHR as the Industrial Revolution takes the entire country by storm. Large tunnels, bridges, stations, and thousands of miles of railway tracks. Even extremely mountainous areas such as the isolated Mani, along with the island of Corfu itself will receive railway stations and tracks - thereby making these areas finally readily and easily accessible.

The Phoenix Military Program

Breechloaders and Metallic Cartridges

With rising tensions throughout the entire world, and with the Republican economy growing at a rapid pace and infrastructure development and public works rising exponentially, a program is set for the modernization of the entire United Hellenic Military Forces. One major initiative is the research of bolt-action rifles - where instead of simply putting balls of metal and gunpowder into rifles, one uses cartridges and loads them into and out of the weapon's barrel chamber by manually operating the bolt directly via a bolt handle. This effectively revolutionizes rifles, as nothing of this type has ever been seen before - and allows for ludicrously faster reload types, greater standardization of ammo, reliability, and is a godsend when it comes to logistics in the form of transportation, and handling..

A cartridge, also called a round, is a type of pre-assembled firerarm munition packaging a projectile (either a bullet, a shot, or a slug), a propellant, and an ignition device (called a primer) within a metallic, paper, ot plastic case precisely made to fit within the barrel chamber of a breechloading gun. A breechloading gun itself is a firearm in which the user loads the ammunition (a cartridge or a shell) via the rear end of its barrel - as opposed to all current forms of weaponry, which take the form of muzzleloaders. (in which ammunition is loaded from the front - the muzzle - of a cannon/firearm).

Breechloading weapons date all the way to the 14th century - but are not in use due to difficulties with sealing the breech. Any new weapon as of now must therefore use a rotating bolt mechanism - which is a way of locking the breech of a firearm in preparation for its firing.

Development begins immediately, with the first prototypes scheduled to be created by 1830 and production runs to commence in 1835 or so Funding will steadily be given, and development will happen in secret.

25 EPHEMERAL STATES (Mostly after ww1) - by Lesley Zore

Lesley Zore's historical text.

Lemko-Rusyn republic

was created on 5 december nineteen 18. It came about as a result of the Lemko ethnical population right above modern-day Slovakia. The republic rooted to unify with the Russian Soviet Republic (RSFSR). After the negotiations in nineteen 19, Poland took over the country in March of the following year.

Komancza Republic,

founded on 4 november nineteen 18, was the eastern neighbour of Lemko-Rusyn republic. As a federation of villages, it as well claimed the representation of the Lemko people but strived to unify with the West Ukrainian People's Republic. However, the unification process was abruptly dismantled by the Second Polish Republic during the Polish-Ukrainian war. Komancza was disestablished on 24 january nineteen 19. The population of the Komancza republic was around 18 thousand.

West Ukrainian People's Republic

was founded on November 1, nineteen 18, as a breakaway state from the declining Austria-Hungary, which has already been crushed by both a prolonged war and a number of revolutions and seperatist rebellions. A population of over five million stood up. On January 22, nineteen 19, the republic united with the Ukrainian People's Republic under the name of the latter. By July nineteen 19, the Polish Second Republic, who had been on the offensive for some time, took control over most of the West Ukrainian People's Republic. However, the government remained in place until March nineteen 14, nineteen 23, when the league of nations ruled that the administration in most of the former West Ukrainian People's Republic and surrounding areas of the republic shall become a part of Poland.

Ukrainian People's Republic or UPR

was founded on 23 of June nineteen 17, some time after the February revolution shook Russia. It was pretty much the same as the West Ukrainian People's Republic, only that it was much bigger (it controlled most of modern-day Ukraine) and it controlled areas previously controlled by the Russian Provisional Government, established after the February Revolution. Let me quote wikipedia to describe its end. "Throughout nineteen 19, Ukraine experienced chaos as the armies of the Ukrainian Republic, the Bolsheviks, the Whites, the foreign powers of the Entente, and Poland, as well as anarchist forces such as that of Nestor Makhno tried to prevail. The subsequent Kiev Offensive, staged by the Polish army and allied Ukrainian forces, was unable to change the situation, and in March nineteen 21, the Peace of Riga sealed a shared control of the territory by Poland, the Russian SFSR, and the Ukrainian RSR."

State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs

was formed on October 29 nineteen 18. It came as a result of the Slovenian and Croatian independence movement in cooperation with modern-day BIH, Serbian and other fractions. It was a model of Slavic unitarism. The State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs did not just yet include Serbia, Montenegro and other areas. On the first of December, nineteen 18, it unified with Serbia (who had already conquered the self-proclaimed Banat Republic) and some Hungarian areas to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. The latter ceded the disputed Istria region to the Kingdom of Italy in nineteen 20, following the Treaty of Rapallo of that year, not to be confused with the Treaty of Rapallo of nineteen 22. In nineteen 29, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes would rename into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, as it is now more commonly known. The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was ruled by the Karađorđević dinasty, who were the rulers of the hitherto Kingdom of Serbia.

Banat Republic

was formed in Serb and Romanian areas in, around, south and west of the Romanian city Timisoara. After the treaty between Hungary and the Allied powers, signed in Belgrade on november 13 nineteen 18, the Serbian army was able to enter the Banat area. Three days later, most of its areas were under control of the Kingdom of Serbia, who would later unify with other southern Slavs into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

Italian Regency of Carnaro

was formed in nineteen 19 by the Kingdom of Italy to secure the Italian occupation of what was formerly Austrian Littoral. The area was inhabited mainly by Slovenians, who had already entered into the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs and had taken control of chunks of areas, claimed by Italy. Temporarily, the border was drawn on the Italian side of the city of Rijeka (Fiume in Italian). In response, an Italian nationalist Gabriele D'Annunzio occupied the area forcefully. This angered both governments in Rome and Belgrade, as none of them recognized such action as according to a de jure border. Thereby, Annuzio was able to create his own city state of Rijeka. He implemented a far-right policy, closely resembling the later fascist idea of Mussolini. In nineteen 20, the Treaty of Rapallo of that year re-drew the border, guaranteeing Rijeka independence. Annuzio refused to cooperate with the Kingdom of Italy or recognize the treaty and declared war at Rome. Following a bombardment, Rijeka surrendered. Thus, the Free State of Fiume was created. Italian Regency of Carnaro had a population of around 80 thousand, condensed in 28 square kilometers.

Free State of Fiume

was created after 12 November nineteen 20, when the Treaty of Rapallo was signed, guaranteeing the disputed city of Rijeka (Fiume in Italian) independance. By 30 December nineteen 20, Italian nationalist anti-governmental forces were pushed from the city and the government of Italy reinstalled civil order, thus instating the Free State of Fiume. The parliament was controlled by a pro-Yugoslav majority Croat autonomy-striving coalition, which opposed a unification with the Kingdom of Italy, a proposal voiced by the nationalist block. After seven coup d'etats of backs and forths, the nationalist block strengthened their lines and led the final successful rebellion in early March of nineteen 21. Soon, Italian troops entered and reinstalled the autonomous faction, but as a satellite of the Kingdom of Italy, thus ending the de facto autonomy of Rijeka. On 27 January nineteen 24, the Kingdom of Italy and the State of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes signed the treaty of Rome, officially annexing the Free State of Fiume to Italy. The Free State of Fiume had a population of around 80 thousand, condensed in 28 square kilometers.


was a minarchist state, trying to achieve anarchism. It was formed on November 27 nineteen 19; it is stated it was created as a response to the White Guard installing Russian Provisional Government in most of Ukraine. It operated on the basis of so called free soviets and libertarian communes. The army had authority in the cities, while the countryside was commanded by the peasants. Makhnovia succeeded in fighting Denikin's White Army and some other factions. In nineteen 21, the Red Army betrayed Nestor Makhno, the leader of the Makhnovist rebels in the region. The same year, Makhnovia was fully conquered by the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and was disestablished. All activities ceased by nineteen 22. Makhnovia was succeeded by the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, by December nineteen 22 a subject of the Soviet Union. At its height, Makhnovia had an estimated population of seven million.

Belarussian People's Republic,

Belarussian National Republic, or White Ruthenian Democratic Republic, was formed by the German Army in the occupied territories of what was once the Tsardom of Russia. It was declared on March 9, nineteen 18. It was disestablished on 14 february nineteen 19. It still functions as a government in exile and is currently hosted in Ottawa, Canda. It is named the Rada of the Belarusian Democratic Republic. It is the oldest-serving government-in-exile.

Free City of Danzig

(Polish: Gdansk) was a city-state created in nineteen 20. It covered most of the so-called Polish Corridor: the area which connected core Poland with the Baltic Sea. It had a population of above three hundred thousand; nearly 98 percent of them were Germans at the time, 1 percent was Polish. Its first president was politically an independant but would later join the Nazi party in the Third Reich as the Mayor of Berlin. It's second president was a member of the German National People's Party (a nationalist party of the Weimar Republic); all presidents after that point were members of the NSDAP, which thus gained prominence in the sector and de facto disintegrated the alleged justification of Danzig or War. It was a free port, and was a de-facto satellite of the Second Polish Republic, while being used by both Germany and Poland for their economic needs; it also had quite a lot of influence from the League of Nations and their commissioners. As it could not control it perfectly, Poland instead built another port named Gdynia. After the nineteen 39 invasion of Poland, the Free City of Gdansk was annexed by Germany on the second day of the war, September 2 nineteen 39. Then, the government moved into exile. It still functions as a gov't in exile and is now based in Berlin, Germany. It claims that the German annexation of the land was illegal, and by Allied standards should not be incorporated into Poland after the war, as quote all occupied nations had been released unquote. However, the city was annexed into Germany a day before either Britain or France joined the war, rendering this a legally incomplete statement. The city is today a part of the Third Polish Republic; the claimed area extends almost 2 thousand square kilometers - that is around ten percent of Slovenia, or seven percent of Hawaii.

Idel-Ural state

was a union of Tatars, Bashirs and Chuvash people in the area of Volga and Urals. It was formed March 1 nineteen 18 and was overrun by the Bolsheviks by March 28 of the same year, fleeing into exile. The president escaped to Scandinavia and later to the US.

Soviet Republic of Soldiers and Fortress-Builders of Naissaar,

was a pro-anarchist mutiny in the area near continental Estonia from 17 December nineteen 17 and 26 February nineteen 18, headed by Stepan Petrichenko, a renowned anarchist politician. The Black Fleet, the institution behind the rebellion, escaped north to the island of Kronstadt.


was a pro-anarchist rebellion that was formed from the remains of the Naissaar uprising. It was an answer to the destruction present all around Russia during and after the Russian Civil War and similar issues. Led by Stepan Petrichenko, it armed citizens of the island and the sailors of the Black Navy against the Red Army of Lenin, Trotsky and Tukachevsky. The red assault to the island is often nicknamed "The Trotsky's Menace". The battles, lasting March 1 to 18 nineteen 21, resulted in a suppression of the rebellion.

Odessa Soviet Republic

was declared soon after the forces of the RSFSR entered Kiev in the war between the Ukrainian People's Republic and the Russian Soviet Republic. Independence was proclaimed on January 17 nineteen 18; soon a coalition of anarchists, bolsheviks and social-revolutionaries formed a government, essentially constituting a puppet-state of the RSFSR as a break-away state from the enemy to the Russian Soviet Republic. Due to instabilities in the Russian Civil War, no side succeeded to recognize the Free City of Odessa, as the Soviet Republic presented itself. As the Brest-Litovsk Treaty was implemented, Odessa was overrun and the government was eventually evacuated to Rostov-On-Don. The Odessa Soviet Republic was disestablished on March 13, nineteen 18.

Republic of Prekmurje

was born as a result of Hungary keeping Prekmurje, the modern-day slovenian part of the Hungarian half of Austria-Hungary, according to the Belgrade Treaty. Before the treaty was signed, there was some back and forth between Croat and Hungarian forces, but Croatian army failed to consolidate its grip on the area. In early nineteen 19, Hungarian socialists formed the Hungarian Soviet Republic. Catholic and Lutheran elements in Slovenian-majority region of Prekmurje resisted this and declared independence of a state of theirs. Though there were local voices to establish a socialist Prekmurje, those went unheard. Vilmos Tkálecz, a soldier and resident, declared independence of Prekmurje on May 29 nineteen 19. Their resistance was overrun by June 6 nineteen 19. Pro-hungarian militias allegedly conducted questionable actions of raids and mass-executions following the discontinuation of the republic. After the Hungarian Soviet Republic was overrun by Romanian forces, Prekmurje region was taken over by the Serb army. In the year of nineteen 20, the Treaty of Trianon guaranteed Prekmurje to the State of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, where it would remain until the Second World War. It is now integrated into the Republic of Slovenia.

First Hungarian Republic

came into existence after the break-up of Austria-Hungary. It was a transitional rump state, de facto established at some point between the Aster Revolution of October 31 nineteen 18 and November 17 nineteen 18. It was a parliamentary republic - a so-called "people's republic". It covered over 2 hundred 82 thousand square kilometers of land and had a population of nearly 8 million. On March 21 nineteen 19 it was overthrown by the socialist fraction.

Hungarian Soviet Republic

came into an existence after the following chain of events. First, the government of the preceding First Hungarian Republic found itself in trouble as it was ordered to retreat further inland by the Allied nations. Second, the President declared the government would resign the next day. The only parliamentary party, strong enough to install a government, was the Social Democrats. While the president approved them as the head party on March 21 nineteen 19, they secretly merged with the communists into the Hungarian Socialist Party. The leading communist, Bela Kun, received a suggestion from Lenin to get rid of the social-democratic majority in the party. Upon the finalization of this, the Hungarian Soviet Republic was finally complete. It was, however, unrecognized. The anthem was The Internationale. The foreign powers despised it due to nationalization and leftist policies. It was soon invaded through and overthrown by Romania by August 1 nineteen 19. After the downfall, the Republic of Hungary was reinstated and some territorial changes were secured.

Republic of Hungary

was installed by foreign powers after the disestablishment of the Hungarian Soviet Republic. It was declared on August 8 nineteen 19. As it de facto existed from August 1 onwards, a coup on August 6 nineteen 19 resulted in a monarchist takeover. The self-proclaimed regent was, however, forced to resign and an interim government was set up until the restoration of the Kingdom of Hungary, on February 29, nineteen 20. The Kingdom of Hungary would then remain as such until the end of World War Two.

Republic of Perloja

was established in the midst of the Soviet-Lithuanian war. It was allegedly a satellite of Lithuania and the White Guard. Existing from 1918 to 1923, it was at first a self-governing parish committee, and later a buffer zone. It met its end in a division between parties in the then resolved conflict.

Independent State of Croatia.

Independent State of Croatia, represented with the acronym NDH, was a Nazi puppet state which was contained in the pre-war territories of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. It extended into areas of modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, parts of Serbia and of Slovenia. After its sole legal party and its military congregations, the movement has been named the Ustasha movement. Initially, NDH was supposed to fight guerillas in the areas not directly occupied by Italy, Germany, Hungary or Bulgaria, but soon became a nazi tool of terror against the local population. The government targeted the extensive Roma community, Jews and Serbs, as well as other minorities, persecuted by Hitlerism. Thus, many locals suffered under the repressive hand of the NDH monarchy. From the viewpoint of the NDH, those actions were necessary to protect the Croatian population from Hitler's ideas of the purge against what he declared "Slavic Judeo-Bolshevism". However, a partisan movement soon formed across Yugoslavia. The partisans were split on the line of activity: the socialists requested a full-on guerrilla war, while the Chetniks asked to stay less active until the allies would arrive for liberation. However, socialists took the lead and started a guerilla campaign. The Chetniks answered by splitting with the partisans and going to a civil war with them. Soon, the goal of Chetniks and the NDH was equivalent: to fight the far-left guerillas attempting to liberate all of Yugoslavia. Thereby, both anti-guerilla forces were supplied by Berlin and given orders to cooperate with collaboration movements all across Yugoslavia to fight Tito and his socialist uprisings. By 1945 most of Yugoslavia was liberated by the socialist partisans and with the help of the Red Army the remains of what would later become the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia were liberated. The dispute between the partisans and the betraying collaborationist forces remains to this day and is seen as one of the major causes for the hate between nations of West Balkans: Croats and Serbs calling each other Ustasha and Chetniks respectively. As NDH was tending to cooperate with Germany and did not want to be absorbed and Germanized later on, it campaigned for Aryanization of Croats to avoid Hitler's persecution. For example, NDH persecuted queer folks, promoted Slavic Revisionism, glorifying the Slavic-Veneti connection and the theories on non-slavic origins of Croats. Those theories would later be disputed and eventually dismissed by historians. Overall, NDH built concentration camps, organized deportations of minorities, repressed the local population, executed any opposition, brutally conducted anything issued by Berlin or its own politicians, and was a terrifying nationalist monarchy. Only after the war, its leaders were charged. Some escaped to Argentina or the US, others were punished by the subsequent Yugoslav government. Fate of some remains unknown and we can only hope those individuals paid for their crimes against humanity and all the forms of violence they inflicted on the populus.

Free Territory of Trieste.

On 12 November 1920 the Treaty of Rapallo was signed, handing all of Slovenian Littoral, Yugoslav Istria, Trieste, and Gorizia to Italy. The city of Fiume gained independence but was annexed by the Kingdom of Italy by 1924. Following this treaty, seen as unfair by the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, ethnic tensions in the region rose. Soon after the 1929 self-coup in the Kingdom of the State of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which renamed into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, tensions exploded. A Slovene organization named TIGR, standing for Yugoslav expansion into the areas of Trieste, Istria, Gorizia and Fiume, launched a guerilla attack in Trieste. Radical persecution by the Italian government followed, ranging from torture, to death penlalties and attempted Italianization of the area. With fascists in the italian government, any Yugoslav activity in the area was suppressed. Only with the Second World War, the Yugoslav partisans got to liberate the area. Fiume, Istria, Gorizia and Trieste were all liberated by socialist guerillas. Western allies demanded Yugoslav forces cede the area to Italy, which was to be reinstalled, but Tito, the president of Yugoslavia, refused. Following fierce negotiations and Stalin's rejection to intervene on the side of Yugoslavia, Tito agreed to give up the cities of Trieste and Gorizia and some countryside, but managed to secure control over modern Slovenian Littoral, Croatian Istria and Fiume. To satisfy Yugoslavians who protested for Gorizia to be reunited with the rest of Slovenia, a city literally translated to New Gorizia was built near the border. Further south, around the area of Trieste, pressure was much bigger and the deal was made to install a new country, the Free Territory of Trieste. It was a neutral independent state formed in 1947, made up of two zones (zone A and zone B). As ethnic tensions calmed down, the zones were split up and de facto annexed by Italy and Yugoslavia in 1954 as incorporation was agreed upon by both governments. By 1975 or 1977, the free territory was officially dissolved as well.

There was also a renowned revolt in Trieste. Following the 1953 Italian parliamentary election, Yugoslavia and Italy accelerated their claims to their zones of the Trieste area. Tensions rose and after civil administration of Zone A was transferred to Italy, following a provocation by the police, citizens rebelled. 6 died and hundreds were injured.

The Yugoslav-Italian border was a geopolitical hotspot of the early Cold War. With Germany split up and in the midst of the Berlin Airlift crisis, with Austria being stalled in a messy division and the world at the brink of a nuclear war, tensions near Gorizia and Trieste always threatened to initiate a military confrontation, which could be stopped by no United Nations, by no Allied Committee and by no international treaty.

Administration of the Kuban Oblast in the Russian Civil War.

In April 1917, The Kuban Rada, the supreme administration of the Kuban Cossacks, declared independence of the oblast. This measure, done in reaction to the February Revolution, intensified on 24 September of the same year when it chose to adopt its own legislation and enforcement. Following the October Revolution, fierce fights with the Bolshevik forces broke out. The leader of the Rada, appointed by the Tsar, proclaimed the Kuban People's Republic or the Kuban National Republic on 28 January 1918.

The Kuban National Republic failed to get its demands ratified in the Paris Peace Conference. Seeing daring Kuban demands for an independent state, Anton Denikin, the Deputy Supreme Ruler of White Russian Movement, forcefully replaced the government in the name of the Mensheviks.

By 1920 the Bolshevik forces took over the area of Kuban and the administration was disestablished by Denikin.

Belarusian Central Council

Belarusian Central Council was a puppet state of the Greater German Reich, installed in the area of modern-day Belarus. It was formed on 1 March 1943 in the Berlin-occupied area and functioned as a nazi collaboration administration. From the capital Minsk it enforced its own social affairs, culture and education. Most decrees, especially in regards to military, legislation and logistics, were issued by the Nazi overlords. Through its loyalty to the German Reich, Belarus has come to commit many atrocities on its own people - or at least permit many German pogroms, executions, raids, violence, deportations and fascistoid policies. In the early 1944, as the Soviets went on an offensive, the Belorusian Council enacted universal conscription for the youth. After 2 July 1944, when the Red Army toppled the Belarusian Central Council, local defence guard was absorbed into the SS. A few days before the disestablishment of the government, the council declared independence and its supreme rule over the area. Soon after, it was evacuated into Germany, where it was legally dissolved in 1945 to dismiss any allegations of cooperation with the crippling Axis forces. In 1948, the Council was reformed and operated as a government-in-exile until 1995, as one of many governments of Eastern Europe who escaped the Bolsheviks either in the Russian civil war or the Second world war. Another example is the Belorusian Rada, organization of the Belarusian National Republic, which was expelled from Minsk in 1919 and still plays a role as a government in exile in Ottawa, Canada, as the oldest remaining exiled institution of its sort.

Eastern Rumelia

Eastern Rumelia was an autonomous region within the Ottoman Empire. The government formed it in accordance with the Treaty of Berlin of the year of 1878. It was an equivalent of the Southern parts of the modern Republic of Bulgaria. Its formation on 13 July 1878 was followed by years of independence which ended with a peaceful revolution, annexing Eastern Rumelia to the Principality of Bulgaria: a de-facto independent Ottoman satellite. The region was observed by Istanbul until 1908, when the independence of Bulgaria was made official. With the declaration of independence, the country was renamed into the Kingdom of Bulgaria. Following military cooperation with the Central Powers in the First World War, certain provinces in the southern and the western part of the country were lost. In the Second World War, Bulgaria agreed to cooperate with the Tripartite from 1941 onwards. After a leftist coup in 1944, in cooperation with the Soviets who were making gains against the Axis, Bulgaria turned against Berlin. By 1946, the monarchy was officially abolished.

VALUTA 3 - by Lesley Zore

This is the third package of Lesley Zore's song we publish.

A meeting

Unexpected meeting. Variety director.

Can't just beat me up.

Rape, thereafter.

Variety director.

Spiders' terrific smiles

shatter as they climb.

A feeling that glues

into my mind.

Greater East-Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere.

Association of South-East Asian Nations.

I hold scissors as I sleep.

Abruptly, the world shatters

as soon as the variety director lets them go.

Under a blanket, sleeping,

the world shatters


the Third International.

Anarhisti-teoretiki vseh dežel, združite se!

Na steni je slika Stalína

in Makhnu v glavi cepin;

ker Trotsky z njim ni bil srečen,

predal ga na Petrichenkov je grob.

Z njimi ni Kropotkína,

ujel ni ga Lenín;

le on je večen,

steljati nanj kot v steno bob.

Pristopi Maova Kina,

ki pravi: marksist je edin';

a komunist je neoporečen,

če ga ni za poslat v Dob.

Satan Heil! Rape Heil!

Prisedejo -

a ni jih.

Smrt v njih očeh

mrazi me, ko me grejejo

njih dih

in njih smeh

ko se ne jočejo

a njih


Dunbar Burgess, le njega

bolje, naj ne bega,

smrt, smrt bela smrt Chapayevga

naj ne pride do Urala brega.

Ko nož se v kožo mi zarase:

primi za lase

obraz naj udari njih ob jekleno vse.

Naj ne prisedajo,


Stekla je, stekla Lisica

Alias Arkhipov Valentinu

temá razgrinja se nad mestom

zima pred grafa létom

v obraz skočímo El Ninu

Grande Fiume

in teci v podzemlje

pozabi EMP

s tanki mimo ramp

Najraje se povzdvigne

in klorovodik


pod štrik!

Avanti, ragazzi di Buda

Avanti, kibernegativci!

Pad, Fiume ali Maas

vsi na Kras

in vpijta vaši klici:





In ko EMP odbije sneg

Iz Poljane do Azaka v beg!


YAy KOsovel DEstroyed WIth FActs ANd LOgic!!!1

Ilirije oživljanje

Geoinžinirati natalizem države

in smrti žugati ostro

a kaj ko evtanazijo

in sodbo si pisal narod bo sam.

obdržal bi govor'c le prave

in vse ostale naj krvavo

na vislice zagozdijo

a sodbo pisal si narod bo sam.

Naokrog vihrajo Kekistana zastave

in ko s slovensko ovijejo mi glavo

z njo nas dušijo

in vendar sodbo si pisal narod bo sam.

Kot da bi tu bile le njive

ljudje naj delajo le zdravo

in se le veselijo

Panem et Circenses ali ne, narod naj piše sodbo si sam!

Acceleratio propriae nationis studio anti-commercium fraternum et in entelechia

jesenski čas je

in listi so mirni

in ko je mimo najhuje

in ko še v glavi cepini

in po lobanji udarja hitreje

na bojnem polju so plini-

pristane na tleh list

in naokoli je mir.

Cut unus tantum tempus autumni est scriptor arteriae.

Reži, reži.



what a funny story

in elektrika

what a funny story

in vrv

what a funny story

in tla

what a funny story

in vsem nam neznani prostori

what a funny story

so zgodba vsa.


Veslajo po vodi

a danes z vesli po glavi

režejo labodi

lobanje. Tako se jih zdravi

ki niso pri pravi

a pogledi,

že pogledi majavi.


Kriči - zareži

obračanje v tebi se

ne zaustav.

Kot po tipkah


po meningah.

Spomine reži

inu strljajo nate

kot na Ceausesca.

Krvavi zidovi

Stene z





Primite me za lase

in trkajte z mojo glavo

ob zid.

Lenin morda oglasi se

in z objavo:

postaviti vas pred zid.

Čekani so ostri, Annuzio cel.

Rdečo Durruti, David Duke bel.

In še zavračaš očitke

da po ulici krvave potoke

ustvarjate vi.


Nilski konj

sedemdesetih kilogramov poje


dosežejo jih prav toliko.


takšno imajo

le kamenja


VALUTA 4 - by Lesley Zore

Žitnice Evrope. Odrezana stebla.

Živi Ukrajina,

prekrasna nje sila,

vrvica njena

Donbassu vratu vila.

I tako najbrže

na tleh položena

z vrvjo stiskajočo.

 A kaj da krivde bi oprana

na tleh tu ležala

potrebno Evropi neviht je…

V suši človek evropski

teče za soncem

in strelja sirijski,

armenski turk-narod.

Mrzla so tla, mrzla - na njih, Človek

V formaciji silni

se slini - strelja fantome?

strelja simptome.

Evropa gnije

a nje pomije

prav nič bojevite


jutránjega sonca.

Teci teci teci

Strele strele strele

pravijo hop hop hop

in Človek strelja

Človek strelja Človeka

in mesto krvavo

tanki v galop

in srenja

ni več Človeka.


Zakaj ni prerezano?

Na tleh v krčih

v glavi oprano

šum kot prepih.

Veliki rdeči gumb

vsredi krčev,

sredi preplahov:

preplahov in bomb.

Prihajam iz katakomb

in okoli plin

četudi na tleh

v krčih hropim.

Darilo sem

Krvavi obračuni so mnogih, ki brez krčmarja pišejo s kredo po papirusu niti lastne. Mnogi so papirus, drugi so krede. Kaj ko neredko krčmarja ni ali krede ni ali lobanj. Takrat pride sokol in s kremplji poprime za ovratnik trgovca in ga nosi - in ga nosi - razkaže dvorane, slavospeve mu poje. Trgovec večno ostane vrh montane, njega vdrte očesne jamice, ki se jih še držijo ostanki izlitih zrkel, so uprte v nebo. Iz neba prileti sokol in parklje vrine v trgovca. Trgovec bil prinesel krčmarju je torto, predno izrastla so krila mu, ceha poslancu.


Trinajsto že knjigo slednjih dvanajstih mesecev pišem - ah, le nisem ne novca prejela za svoje stvaritve. Noč inu dan to glavna moja je iskra. Od zore do mraka, od mraka do zore, stavim slednjo slutnjo časa vrzeli v besedoslovje, modroznanstvo, slôvovezje; vendar nihče tega ne čuti, inu jaz ne čutim nikogar nikdar. Vse kar imam je le strah in so more; v sanjah kričim dlje v noči nego mirno spavam. Tisti del dni, ko je moje lice osončeno… Ali na plano ne pojdem iz strahu pred sovragi, ali kriče name vsi viharji domá. Iz sten, izpod žimnic, iz kruha - naj bo bel kot marmor stopnišč ali teman kakor saje - vonj žvepla, vonj povratka obličja njih veličine. Naj blagorodje vaše utiša dihljaje? Krpamo krste, tudi tistim, ki betežne so vrste.

Internacionala (zasilen prevod The Internationale iz angleškega prevoda Charlesa Hope Kerra iz začetne različice. SLO prevod je bil do sedaj zanič, zato ustvarjam začasno nadomestilo, dokler se ne lotim resnega prevoda).

Vstanite, sužnji kapitala!

Vstanite, zakleti te zemlje!

Zdaj sodba žuga naša ostra;

čas je za nov, svetlejši svet!

Vso tradicijo zažgimo,

vstanite sužnji, brez lisic,

na novih temelji bo Zemlja

kjer kdor bil je niče postane vse.

To je zadnja nas borba,

vsakomur njih bitke gredo,

Človeška rasa naj bo

fronta delavska!

Ni želje po predsedstvih,

ki naj 'z oblakov vladajo;

delavci ne želimo njih miline;

sami naj sodimo vse.

Če naj sovrag zave se lastne krivde,

če vsak med nami naj svoboden bo,

sami določimo si nuje skupne,

sami odločimo, sami končamo.

To je zadnja nas borba,

vsakomur njih bitke gredo,

Človeška rasa naj bo

fronta delavska!

Delavci vseh polj, ceharij enotni,

zveza vseh, ki delamo:

Zemlja nam cem, proletarcem,

ni prostora za goljufe.

koliko se jih z našim mesom je redilo!

A če naj ptice roparice

iz neba nekoč izginejo,

slavljeni žarki bodo sonca še sijali!

To je zadnja nas borba,

vsakomur njih bitke gredo,

Človeška rasa naj bo

fronta delavska!

To je zadnja nas borba,

vsakomur njih bitke gredo,

Človeška rasa naj bo

fronta delavska!


Nasmeh kot polkrog inu

tokokrog kot mrliški shod.

Ako mrtvi, ne zbati se drznejo


Vez in vez in vez in pihaj.

Spomladi usta so krvava.

Yazakes pipeles, aks!

La kerasav pipel

mit keresavan kerisev

set yana peraris.

HOPEN LOGS - by Lesley Zore

Fictive legislature about Hopen Islands, beginning in a modified world between 1841 and 1877.


The Committee of the Black Fleet declares its sole authority over the island and islands of Hopen, to be henceforth known as the Confederation of Platforms of Hopen Independent Provinces, or Hopen for short.

This is the land of the people who reside here. This is the land of all the people of this Earth. This land is universal and belongs to every intelect, every ego, every mind.

From this point onwards, the hitherto foreign rule over the islands shall no more stand against the mighty will of the people. All countries, but individuals interested in residing in or vacating on our land, are prohibited from entering our waters with their ships of death. They are barred from sending troops 2 kilometers around the islands, except for logistical needs of supply of Sweden. No military force, but that of our residents, can thrive 2 kilometers from our coast.


Residents of each village up to 1'000 residents platform in a Platform.

Residents of each place of residence above 1'000 residents platform in local Platforms: creating their own, declaring independence from other Platforms, or agreeing to join other platforms. In the same way, village platforms can succeed or regroup.

Platforms can have joint meetings to discuss borders between their Provinces.

Residents of a Platform can entact any resolutions on anything, which does not go against the Legislative Committee.

Legislative Committee is a special platform, located in the greatest place of residence in Hopen. It is made up of some of the people who appeal to join it. It is limited to 20 members at a time. It is made up of 10 people with the highest education degree of appealers, it is made up of 5 elects from among the appealers, elected by the appealers, it is made up of the general of the navy, it is made up of the 4 High Thinkers.


Legislative Committee buildup is refreshed every 14 days.

As for elections, all residents of the islands have the right to vote the 5 elects. If there is a tie, it is resolved by random resolution generation (random numbers).

The 4 High Thinkers are the 4 delegates of the Community for Thought. Every member of the Community of Thought has one vote to choose 4 delegates, unless they have at least 8 years of specialized schooling (then they have 3 votes). If there is a tie, it is resolved by random resolution generation (random numbers).

Community for Thought is the country-wide organization, uniting all who appeal and have completed at least 13 years of regular school and 5 years of specialized school. Specialized Schools can be of following subjects to be eligible:





-studies of peace and geopolitics

-feminism, class struggle, queer struggle and related topics unified through intersectionality

-governmental materialism studies

-studies of secularization of the state

However, natural sciences are not dismissed, as individuals of specialized schools of other backgrounds can take part in an equivalent organization named Community for Materia. That one elects the Sectarian.

The Sectarian resolves disputes for which at least 50% of the Legislative Committee agrees that the Legislative Committee cannot solve.

The Legislative Committee interviews and overwrites laws of any and all Platforms. All platforms' resolutions must comply with those of the Legislative Committee.


The Constitution is proposed by a proposal of at least 300 residents of Hopen, or by at least 2 members of the Legislative Committee.

The Constitution is accepted by a 50% vote in the Legislative Committee. The Constitution then has to be ratified by a referendum, where it must score a 65% victory. It must also be ratified by an internal vote of the Community for Thought and the Community for Materia - in both, it must score at least 40%.


A resident of the island is anyone who has the Residency Paper.

The Residency Paper is a paper given by a vote of the local Platform, upon coming there. Their paper is only valid as long as both the Platform and the Resident keep it. To prevent fraud or deletion, it is kept in multiple places named National Residency Archives (NAR).

The Residency Paper includes the following information: Year of Birth (if available), Pronouns, full name chosen through Self-determination, IPA pronunciation of that name (if available), ID of the resident.

The ID of the resident is a number they want below 100'000'000, followed by a space, followed by their consecutive number of the entry of theirs. The precision of their favourite number below 100'000'000 is to maximally one hundredth of a part.

If the platform does not one want to stay in the region, it can vote to kick them from its region upon the decision above absolute 80% of the platform. In this case, the resident is housed in the Temporary Housing Unit (THU).

THU is the place where those without another home leave. After we have confiscated empty rooms of palaces and hotels, around 0.1% of the population remains unhoused, thereby a comfortable shelter was made for them for the 10 days we needed to come to the decision to also confiscate all empty houses etc. Now, THU is a relatively comfortable stay for those who are kicked from their platform and look for a new place to stay in.


No-one and No-thing is illegal. Everyone who comes to Hopen must be treated fairly and equally, regardless of their race, nationality, gender, sex, sexuality, abilities, neurodivergency, philosophical-ideological and other beliefs, or other personal characteristics.

However, we see certain actions and/or activities as heavily destructive to our cause. Such actions, we call "crimes". Some of them may be defined in a criminal code or similar acts, while others are left undefined. As it may be restated by other laws, any action which is heavily destructive to the cause is illegal. And no other. Our cause is - to make the population happier.

Crimes can be reported by anyone to the Legislative Committee, who then platforms for how to resolve the situation and what armed means to deploy. Because we are a base-to-base-cases system, an armed individual (ex. from the Armed Forces) may intervene in a crime without the permission of the Legislative Committee, as long as a net positive is created. One can report crimes to such an armed person, or a multiple of them. If they start to create net negative, upon report, the Legislative Committee can order an armed intervention.

Armed Forces are deployed and organized by the Legislative Committee on the go. Detachments can form and dissolve on its decree. Generals can be replaced or installed as well. Until then, the Armed Forces simply consist of all the volunteers, who are in exchange pardoned from their social requirement for doing some job. However, at most 8% of the population can serve the army at once.

Military and police are thus not separated as we can deploy Legislative Committees Armed Forces against some fascist horde killing our population, for example.

As stated above, the Legislative Committee can come to any verdict in a trial. However, it may not employ techniques to generate false proofs (such as using torture to create a false testification).


When the law or constitution refers to "person(s)", "one(s)" or in another way resembles that, if it names them to name someone we care about and in a way with positive implications for their equality, or similar, that term refers to anything which suits all the following criteria:

- could theoretically define as a "self"

- has been in a state, not described as "unawareness", "comma", "sleep" or similar in the last 5 years or another amount of time, applicable in the scenario

- has the potential to generate consciousness

- has not been gone missing for every of last 50 years or another amount of time, applicable in the scenario

- was not convicted by the Legislative Assembly on the basis of ||Sexual misconduct||

- was not convicted by the Legislative Assembly on the basis of another crime, applicable in the scenario

- we know of.


Currently the biggest place of residence in Hopen is Hopenpolis.


Hopen is an independant, sovereign, unaffiliated and a free country. We employ principles of a free, egalitarian, weak state, in a market-less and classless economy. We are the utopy.

We base our views on the works of Marx and Stirner. That being said, we also unrealistically predict creation of Das Kapital, which we are heavily infested into. We also follow the works of Kropotkin, Lenin, Berkman, Goldman, Luxemburg, Makhno. However, that is not true as many of those people have not published their works by the age this is being written in. In the RolePlay, we only know of Engels, Marx and Stirner, whom we attempt to follow.

We are what will later become known as marxist. We strive for Anarchist Communism, but that is impossible to think of in the 1840s given both material conditions and our knowledge of the topic. We do not want to lose Lesley Zore as our controller, henceforth we don't wanna go Anarcho-Communist.

We will ensure there is no force making some work while others eat up our profits. We will ensure there is no violence against anyone and all discrimination is prevented. We will make the people happy and safe!


Hopen, as of the time of the last edit of this act, has de facto or de jure recognition, acquired through economic, military and/or diplomatic agreements with the following countries, listed according to size of economic input generated through cooperation:

- Kingdom of Sweden

- Russian Empire

- Ottoman Empire


The official languages of Hopen are Swedish and Russian, though Russian is most commonly spoken. Norwegian and English are recognized as minority languages. The island has no polar-native population.


The following is the temporary anthem of Confederation of Platforms of Hopen Independent Provinces

Melody: Прекрасное Далеко

Wir sind die Matrosen von Kronstadt...

From our home in Russland expelled,

We sailed from island to island

from every continent banned…

We soon saw and followed

Aurora Borealis,

we followed it

into the fog, into the snow…

Our home was found,

the Island of Hopen,

capital of the Planet,

Hopen, be our hope!

In the arctic cold we nearly froze,

and yet our people advanced,

as noone had any fears of violence,

as everyone had the bread.

We one are with humanity,

we one are with all nations,

bringing them together,

from Taiga to Dublin!

We are seen as diplomats,

as the centre of this world,

we always welcome guests,

shall they welcome back.

We people are of a country

where everything belongs to all:

from each, according to their ability,

to each, according to their need!

There faces are of Karl Marx,

there eyes are of Lesley,

shining through the Arctic skies

of golden northern lights.

Marx and Lesley lead us

into brighter future

they lead us through the Arctic:

ice is where we're from!

We hail Marx and Lesley,

Stirner, also Lesley,

leading us through hardships

into endings bright.

We thank Marx and Lesley,

we thank Stirner, Lesley,

making us comrades

with people of this world!


The following is the Flag of the Confederation of Hopen Independent Provinces.


The card below presents:

- areas controlled by Hopen Infantry, seen as Hopen itself (red)

- areas controlled by Hopen Navy, seen as exclusive Hopen waters (yellow)

- areas patrolled by Hopen Navy, seen as non-exclusive Hopen access waters (blue)

- exclusive economic area of Hopen (green)

- non-exclusive economic area of Hopen (purple)

According to from each according to their ability, each citizen of the island has the right to do the work they are made to desire to do through propaganda. However, there are priority classes as to who works:

- production needs level one. People between age of 25 and 30 who are not schooling work,

- production needs level two. People between age of 25 and 38 who are not schooling work,

- production needs level three. People between age of 21 and 43 who are not schooling work,

- production needs level four. People between age of 18 and 43 who are not schooling work,

- production needs level five. People between the age of 17 and 55 who are not schooling work,

- production needs level six. People between the age of 17 and 55, unless they are in army schools, teaching schools or agricultural schools, work.

-production needs level seven. People between the age of 17 and 62 work.

- production needs level eight. People between the age of 14 and 70, unless they are in the last two classes of secondary school, work.

- production needs level nine. People between age of 11 and 70, unless they are in the last two classes of secondary school, work.

- production needs level nine. People between age of 11 and 70 work.

- production needs level ten. All people work.

However, regardless of that, people can only work up to 18 hours per week (unless production needs level is above five, then they work between 18 and 25 hours per week). They can work more than that per week if they are employed in the army, medical institution or similar workplace, and the situation so demands.

People with serious disabilities or other stuff are not expected to work.

We are currently using the production needs level three model.

Important! Everything above are guidelines and we let each do as they will to do!


According to to each according to their need, each citizen of the island, and de facto each person on the island, is guaranteed anything they want and is deemed compatible with the situation and reasonable by their environment. Should the environment fail to recognize their need, they can appeal at the local platform or to the legislative committee if they so wish. However, due to the educational system (humanitarian focus regarding platformism and sociology), we expect the need-provision system to run smoothly, as it has so far.


Content warning for this one.

National alarm system for invasion discouragement purposes (NASIDIP) is the program the Confederation of Platforms of Hopen Independent Provinces (Hopen for short) resorts to in the case of a successful invasion of mainland Hopen.

Hyper Secret electric lines are set up island-wide (by 1855 replaced by telegraphs). Shall guards of the island have sent signals from most beaches of the island that an enemy force has struck into the island and will not be stopped successfully, the Legislative Assembly votes on realisation of the NASIDIP plan.
 Nasidip plan proposes the following:

- CW: The military shoots all civilians of this island not engaged in the Legislative Committee

- CW: The military sets everything, everything, everything we have on fire and makes sure it is gone

- CW: The military shoots the legislative command dead

- CW: The military shoots itself dead


All additions to Criminal Code are logged.


All military invasions into Hopen are to be repelled by force. The Kingdom of Sweden is allowed to enter the area as an exception, but may not commit any aggression.


Warning. In this message ||this|| represents a CW. Content Warning for ||mentions of violent crimes, including sexual ones||.

Committing any ||Sexual activity for which one who is affected does not voice a valid and eligible consent|| is to be punished by the personally most ||torturous penalty|| the Legislative Committee can think of. This means the worst and the longest ||torture|| possible before ||execution||.

Survivors are given priority by the Committee and are guaranteed rehabilitation and everything they need as soon as the action is reported. The survivor must not be made to meet the accused during or after the trial. The survivor may not be in any way bothered about the event in a way they do not like. All information is private and may not be transferred to their environments by the Committee. The accused person is not allowed to meet anybody but the Committee/those sent by the committee for as long as the trial and the penalty last. Following the trial, ALL data which could in any way point at or identify the survivor is demolished in secrecy in cooperation with the survivor, shall the survivor so require. Note that the sentence defining this crime requires absence of ||eligible consent||. ||Eligible consent|| is ||consent, given by a person of the same level as the other person. This means the person, to give consent, must not be in any way pressured into giving consent, including inequality in the position (of power), substance (drug) consumption, state of mind (sleep, inability,...), age (to be determined in case-to-case scenario by the Committee jointly with the Survivor), unequal family relation, usage of etc.||


Tyranny is illegal and may be punished with exile.


Usage of undesired force or threat of force against a person(s) is illegal, unless done to stop realization of force against person(s) with a bigger impact. Due to a variety of such actions, the penalty is anything which does not result in further additional amount of harm to person(s) than was already inflicted, and does not have harm to person(s) as a goal.


Discrimination against any person(s) or groups, based on any personal characteristic(s), including, but not limited to:

- race or lack thereof

- gender or lack thereof

- bodily sex or lack thereof

- sex or lack thereof

- sexuality or lack thereof

- nationality or lack thereof

- ability or lack thereof

- neurodivergency or lack thereof

- ideological, philosophical or other belief or lack thereof

- taste or lack thereof

- cultural background or lack thereof

- class preceding the abolition of classes, or lack thereof

- job preceding the abolition of classes, work and type of work, or lack thereof

- place of origin or lack thereof

- ancestry or lack thereof

- gender expression or lack thereof

is illegal and the one to discriminate will be subject to penalty according to the severity of discrimination.


CW (Content Warning): everything: listed a few names of content eligible for this.

Mishandling of content warnings is doubleungood. Content warnings, and spoiler marks, must be used whenever that is propper and could be humanly expected. All material which includes triggering material must prompt a content warning.

Material, for which content warnings are prompted, may not be forced to someone. An example of such a violation would be making ||sex|| education compulsory for all students, or making them all train for war. For the same reason we warn people before they access content which needs a content warning, we do not force them to consume that content. Thereby, no students may be expected to study or access such content. However, such content is not banned.

Content, which may in case-to-case basis need content warnings, includes but is not nearly limited to the following:

- ||sexual content||

- ||violent sexual content||

- ||violence of any form||

- ||loud noises||

- ||car crashes||

- ||war and battle||

- ||torture||

- ||religious content||

- ||violent propaganda||

- ||substance abuse||

- ||certain types of sports||

- ||anything of such type||

A proper content warning consists of altering the example below:

CW (Content Warning): [short ambiguous name for the problematic part]: [a sentence on what content may be encountered and how much of it].

Mishandling CW should be fixed instead of penalized if possible. However, serious breaches may also be penalized. Harshly if necessary.


All diplomatic decisions are logged.


We ask whoever in the #mapping-and-expansion claims the Hopen islands to let us secede peacefully and to not invade us. In exchange for a guarantee of that and a recognition of independence, we shall aid that country militarily.

Know that if we are attacked, everything we have will be destroyed. The other country will have no benefit as we will martyr all the residents. If we are let live, we can be helpful.


The following are the terms of the peace treaty between the Kingdom of Sweden and what was once known as Kronstadt.

- Confederation of Platforms of Kronstadt Independent Provinces renames into Confederation of Platforms of Hopen Independent Provinces.

- Short name of Confederation of Platforms of Hopen Independent Provinces will be Hopen.

- Hopen will move from the Island of Kronstadt to the Island of Hopen.

- Sweden agrees to peace.

- Hopen will behave friendly and usefully towards the Kingdom of Sweden unless relations deteriorated to the point of military conflict between the two, which will attempt to be avoided.

- Sweden will help Hopen move all infrastructure and people to Hopen and will help it adapt to the climate, which shall not be hard and will be done swiftly.

Thus, Hopen becomes a proper country, eligible for diplomacy and its own roleplay.


- Hopen will send an excessive expedition of military advisors / trainers to the Russian Empire, to train Russian troops.

- Russian Empire will send some vegetables to the island of Hopen for Hopen to both have something to eat and become self-sufficient by planting them.


Hopen is de facto or de jure recognized by, and de jure or de facto recognizes the following powers:

- Russian empire (dj)

- Ottoman Empire (dj)
 - Kingdom of Sweden

- Sultanate of Arabia (dj)

- Kingdom of Portugal (dj)

- Canada (dj)

- Irish Republic (dj)

- Free Republic of Scotland (dj)

- State of the Irish Republic Trading Company (dj)

- The Tsardom of Alaska

- Austrian Empire (dj)

(powers who de jure recognize us have a (dj) attached)


The following deal has been struck with Canada:

- Canada will supply Hopen with a little number of books (Hopen does not need many).

- Canada will send Hopen some vegetables for Hopen to upgrade its Northern Gardens and so on to achieve total self-sustainability

- Hopen will serve as a logistical base for Canadian researchers, who will always be welcomed by Hopen.

- Canada will be able to use Hopen as a remote logistical position for its Arctic research.

- Hopen will transport the food and books mentioned in the first and second intent of this agreement.


Hopen and Free Republic of Scotland sign the following deal:

- Hopen and Free Republic of Scotland recognize each other

- Hopen will send some diplomatic advisors and technicians to Scotland but will remain neutral in all its affairs.


Hopen has struck the following deal with Canada

- Hopen will send some of its teachers to Canadian to learn Canadian ways of life and teach in Canadian schools

- This will benefit knowledge of both countries

- Minor, symbolic payment is promised from Canada which I actually don't expect them to specifically re-state

- Hopen will make sure Canadian educators are given important information and feedback by Hopenian advisors.


Hopen has struck the following deal with the Sultanate of Arabia:

- Arabia and Hopen will create cultural exchange ties

- This will allow Arabic polar researchers to train on Hopen

- This cultural exchange goes both ways


Hopen has struck the following deal with the Republic of Ireland:

- Ireland will provide mirrors to Hopen

- Ireland will provide fertilizer to Hopen

- Ireland will export potatoes to Hopen

- Ireland will export clothes to Hopen

- Hopen will help the Republic of Ireland set up a propper public system of education by sending experts on the topic.

- Hopen will teach its people in schools about Irish ancient history, thus promoting tourism there

- Hopen will export fish to Ireland

- Hopen will pay for Irish clothes with money Canada gives for Swedish teaching in accordance with the Treaty of Malmo


- Irish Republic Trading Company will let Hopen take 50 beds

- Hopen will give Irish Republic Trading Company an undamaged war ship 10 meters in length with 6 cannons


Hopen has struck the following deal with Canada:

- Hopen will let Canada transport 200 volunteers to Canada, where they will be treated as other teachers (they can't just be forced to Canada and starve to death).

- Those 200 people will teach Russian in Canadian schools for 2 years.

- Canada will pay for the transport and their Canadian wages directly to the government of Hopen.

- The time frame of the treaty may be extended if both parties so wish, but it is expected that the figure of 200 people cannot be kept up, possibly dropping to 150.


Hopen has struck the following deal with Britain:

- Britain will help Hopen build the Central hospital system announced by its government

- Hopen will stop sending new support to Irish and Scottish rebels in Britain in the current secession war of the Irish republic and the Free Republic of Scotland, unless Ireland and Scotland ever become free states at full peace with Britain and do not rebel in any way or form.

- Hopen will diplomatically thank Britain.


Hopen has come to struck the following deal with the Irish Republic:

- the irish Republic will build hospitals for the independent platforms of Hopen

- Hopen will allow the shared usage of said hospitals

- Hopen will also be able to open clinics for the public

- Medical schools in Ireland will be opened with Hopen support and knowledge

- ||Hopen will super secretly send Ireland 10 guns (that will not be published) (will be registered at the trading company)||


Hopen has struck the following treaty with Arabia:

- Hopen has taken the islands it has scrambled for, thereby it has a position near Konsgoya.

- Hopen will help Arabia claim Kongsoya but not against Swedish confrontation (Hopen does not want to fight Sweden)

- Arabia will send Hopen 2 Karl Marx class boats as described in #statistics .


- given the tactical training of Hopen military being far above its fighting capabilities, and given fighting experience of the Irish, the two shall exchange knowledge ||on the Fastnet Rock island in an underground meeting.||


Hopen has struck the following treaty with Canada:

- Canada will provide Hopen with 20 tones of wood

- Hopen will give canada one Max Stirner class ship


Hopen island has decided to send the following support to Scotland:

- 1 Max Stirner ship

- 5 Hegel Class ships

- 10 Smith class ships

- a bunch of leftover seed from a generation of the Hopen Northern Garden Project

Hopen will as well:

- Provide Scotland with a residence in Storoya for up to 500 residents

- interns in the Storoya residence will be supplied by Hopen, but they will be expected to at least do something in return... It would be healthy for them and helpful to us if they in return - for example - help us with projects here

- interns in Storoya will be given Hopen citizenship but may not platform officially unless they decide to stay in Hopen permanently. They can still have a platform of their own in Storoya which is still to be subordinate to the Storoya platforms of other Hopen citizens. However, interns may not be subordinate to Hopen citizens and shall not be treated by Hopen-Storoya as subordinate in any way. They are equals.

- Hopen will keep an armed watch over the island of Storoya to ensure it remains controlled by Hopen forces.

- in practice, this will create a temporary non-playable puppet state of Storoya, with citizens of Hopen, those citizens being Scottish.

- Scotland may only send political and other people who they think are important refugees to hide in the Arctic.

- Hopen will patrol around to ensure no dangers occur

Hopen expects:

- for those interns to behave as citizens in exchange for being treated as citizens (we can barely sustain ourselves, so we need them to cooperate at least a little)

- interns not to rebel

- Scotland to send Hopen blankets, shovels, orientation compasses, maps. We need those to properly navigate Storoya and Europe and to build them a better place.


Hopen has struck the following deal with the Irish Republic Trading Company:

- Hopen will provide IRTC/IRTA with Karl Marx ship and 3 Hegel class ships.

- IRTA/IRTC will send Hopen 175 beds and 100 advanced first aid kits


Confederation of Platforms of Hopen Independent Provinces is de facto or de jure allied with:

- State of the Irish Republic Trading Company (dj)

- Sultanate of Arabia (dj)

Countries it is alsk de jure allied with have a "dj" marker at the end.


Hopen has struck the following deal with Arabia:

- Hopen will transfer military control and claim over the Abeloya island to the Sultanate of Arabia

- Hopen will be supplied with necessary wood, cannons and guns for its little population by Arabia

- Hopen will transfer experts on education and health to Arabia, where they will be treated normally and will not be kept at place (by force)

- An embassy to the Sultanate of Arabia will be built in Hopenpolis and an embassy to Hopen in Mecca

- Hopen and Sultanate of Arabia will cooperate on installing telegraphic communication between islands Hopen controls and the island of Abeloya, henceforth controlled by Arabic forces.


Hopen has struck the following deal with the Sultanate of Arabia:

- Alliance between the two is to be made official

- Hopen is to send Arabia 400'000 or even more meals of Arctic fish

- Arabia is to build 2 or 3 1870s electric generators in Hopen (enough to sustain low demands of Hopen)

- Hopen is to thank Arabia publicly


All military decisions are logged.


To prevent any preliminary incursions, we shall blockade the seas. We set up burning floating piles ready to charge. We surround our island with those.

Our great navy secures an evacuation path for the government to Sweden or to Russia in the event of trouble. We finally employ all of the Baltic fleet (that of Baltic Fleet which rebelled) to secure the 2 kilometers around our islands.

We set up trench defences on our beaches. To prevent the enemy from crossing the ice in the winter, we prepare to make the ice thinner artificially in random places, making it illogical for them to try that for a long time.


What was once known as the island of Kronstadt has been moved to the island of Hopen, with the help of the Swedish. With this gesture, a war between our two great nations has been prevented, and we have guaranteed Sweden diplomatic cables, military access and other benefits. The detailed peace treaty will be published separately - as a part of Diplomatic Logs.


To prevent overcrowding, secure backup places, create military outposts, research centers, etc., in accordance with the decree on expansion, Hopenian military occupies the following areas:

- Island of Storoya

- Abeloya Island

- all islands below Kongsoya (but not Kongsoya itself)

- Hopen island also keeps control of Hopen and all its so far controlled territories.


From wood, provided by Canada, the following ships will be built:

- one Lesley class ship

- two Karl Marx class ships

- four Max Stirner class ships

- ten Hegel class ships

- thirty Smith class ships

Remains of the wood are to be used for 100 beds for our hospitals, thereby making citizens not require so many beds, thereby improving our economic reserves enough to provide the commodities for building Hegel and Max Stirner ships named above.

Workforce and tool investment for building Lesley and Karl Marx class ships will come from diverting all building of the Northern Garden project to them for 3 weeks.

The ships will be completed in 3 in-game weeks, aka build time is to be ignored.


The Great Blockade is to be adapted for Hopen and Storoya.


Hopen coast is formed from cliffs 50 to 200 meters in height. These cliffs will have barricaded holes built into the stone. Those will be positions for our guards to shoot from. Using their hand-guns, they will be able to repel any attempt at climbing the walls.

On the very few low areas (where we usually dock our ships etc.) the enemy will as well have a hard time breaking in.There will be a concentrated resistance of all the sailor forces and even if the enemy breaks through, they will have to move through the lower area which is surrounded by cliffs we occupy, thus encircling them from a high ground.

Given all the natural defences, we estimate our 3'000 sized army is able to repel an invasion of at least 75'000 soldiers. If we were to theoretically mobilize 6'000 soldiers in total, we could repel a force of 150'000 soldiers (at the same mobilization rate, that is the full army of a country of 1 million people. Now they cannot transport their full army at once. Say 2 million).

However, because our army will be so engaged in guarding our islands, we won't be able to fight battles elsewhere. We don't have enough armed forces to also attack anyone. We have a very good natural defence, basically impenetrable. However, we can be overcome and we cannot overcome others.


In accordance with the Abeloya treaty, the Armed Forces of Hopen:

- escort all symbolic stuff of Hopen, its people etc. out of Abeloya

- welcome new Arabic forces and guarantee them a safe docking


Hopen Legislative Committee and other parts of its government reserve their right to decrees of unlisted types as well.


In 30 days, Russian Empire will have delivered to Hopen an amount of vegetables. We task our army with digging a hole at the warm side of the highest hill in the Island, so deep and yet so shallow that good temperatures for growing vegetables will be guaranteed. We will use whatever mirrors are left to deliver sunlight and so on. Vegetables, grown in a number of such chambers (5 chambers are to be installed), together with the meat we catch, will be enough to make us self-sufficient. We can manage this Arctic environment, thanks to the generous cooperation by the Russian Empire and the Kingdom of Sweden.


The Legislative Committee tasks itself with completing the school reform as soon as possible.


Teachers shall be in the following five years, be given textbooks supplied by Canada and sent into their schools. As they will teach Swedish, they will also be given money by Hopen to pay for their own education on fields they are covering. They must become experts as good as required by the school reticulum. The five years are a doable time span, as by the time new students approach complex thematics, teachers will already have come back and will be ready to teach. 25% of teachers will be abroad at a time. All children until the education reform is finished are still being educated using the old, existing system.


The legislative Committee prohibits genderization of toilets. All toilets are degendered. All cabins have all equipment, including a toilet, washbasin, whatever any person regardless of any personal characteristics needs. Gendered toilets are not illegal per say, but may amount to discrimination, or even to serious disccrimination in serious cases.

To those who express a personal reason not to acess ungendered toilets, there must be an offer of either a personal toilet or some other compensation, which will not make them visit toilets they do not want to visit.

Same rules as for toilets stand for bathrooms, changing rooms etc.


Due to extremely high needs for the reorganization of armed forces given the recent surge in transphobia across the country, an army school is set up. It is a specialized school.

This specialized school has classes as follows, with the respective number of weekly classes:

- year one: history (5), geography of Northern Europe (3), geography of Hopen (3), history of strategy (4), military strategy (5), first aid (5).

- year two: tactics (5), first aid (10), avoiding conflict (11).

- year three: infantry training (10), international diplomacy (5), avoiding conflict (10)

- year four: survival (8), first aid (8), infantry training (10)

- year five: infantry training (15), modern tactics (10)

infantry training may be replaced by navy training, air force training, tactical training, explosives, space force training, digital training, reporting, history of war - depending on the choice of the student, the age of RP and technical capabilities of Hopen.

Those who finish Army School either join the Infested Armed Forces or the Infested Mobilized Forces. The Infested Armed Forces are the Armed Forces. The Infested Mobilized Forces are the physical workforce of the country, ready to specialize for new jobs or work on huge projects the government needs to sustain the island (underground gardens etc.)


This school can only be entered after having completed some specialized school or an equivalent abroad.

Due to extremely high needs for new teachers, this is the reticulum of a newly organized teaching school.

This specialized school has classes as follows, with the respective number of weekly classes:

- year one: teaching (15 classes), rhetorics (5 classes), Russian (3 classes), Swedish (2 classes), arts (2 classes).

- year two: teaching (15 classes), rhetorics (5 classes), Russian (3 classes), Swedish (2 classes), arts (2 classes).

- year three: Safety skills (5 classes), psychology (5 classes), intersectionality (5 classes), violence management (5 classes), first aid (5 classes).

- year four: re-visiting fourth class of the school they wish to teach in (unless they want to teach in a newly established specialized school and less than 4 years are by since it was established - then they can visit equivalent in Canada (or elsewhere, but Canada is the priority), being paid by our government as a part of the exchange).

- year five: re-visiting fifth class of the school they wish to teach in (unless they want to teach in a newly established specialized school and less than 5 years are by since it was established - then they can visit equivalent in Canada (or elsewhere, but Canada is the priority), being paid by our government as a part of the exchange).

Following this school, we will have competent teachers.


A census and some research is to be completed, to be published in #statistics.


In the early 1800s, Sweden conquered all of Scandinavia, Finland, Kola, Karelia, Leningrad and Kronstadt as well.

In 1839, the military command of Kronstadt rebelled against the Swedish overlords. The navy docked in the island rebelled, calling for independence. The island of 40'000 was threatened by a possible Swedish invasion.
 Soon, platformist areas in the rebellious island were set up and a legislative committee was formed. The latter started to negotiate with the Kingdom of Sweden.

The result of negotiations was the Treaty of Kiruna. With the help of the Swedish Navy, all 40'000 of the Kronstadt population and its infrastructure were moved/evacuated to the Arctic Hopen island near Svalbard. Sweden left us there to freeze and die in the northern conditions.

However, the Northern Garden Project, the project to become self-sustainable following some trade, saved our lives. We are now a diplomatically successful world capital of knowledge and intellect. All hail Lesley Zore!


This school can only be entered after having finished secondary school or an equivalent.

The topics and their respective weekly classes are as follows:

- year one: evolution (10), buildup of animals and plants (10), basics of biology (10)

- year two: effects of chemicals on the body (8), production of chemicals applied in biology (12), human body buildup (10)

- year three: first aid (15), human body buildup (15)

- year four: infection treatment (15), basic surgeries (15)

- year five: infection treatment (10), basic surgeries (15), first aid (5), body and chemicals (4)


Current condition of "medical anarchy" of medics running around and ineffectively home-treating patients at random must be put to an end.

In Hopenpolis, 3 buildings will be set up in this year (1842). Each will have 100 rooms for patients.

- Hospital 1 will be a combination of a health centre and an emergency hospital. All people who have a health emergency or health difficulties can get there. It will have a seperate entrance for infectious diseases, for joint/bone injuries, for psychological difficulties, for unlisted issues. People get basic treatment. They can afterwards be dismissed or redirected into any of the hospitals. People may enter from any door, except if they come due to an infectious disease - then they must necessarily enter through that door and remain in that sector.

- Hospital 2 will be an Infection Clinic. It will work in the form of a radical segregation, where hospital staff will not be allowed to leave the hospital and will live within. However, they will be able to leave the hospital after 12 days of quarantine, or whatever is the incubation period for that disease (unless it's hardly transmittable and this is found unnecessary)

- Hospital 3 will be a general hospital for surgeries and post-surgical care and similar stuff.

Beds for hospitals are supplied by patient's home and partially by the Irish Republic.


- Using fertilizer sent according to deals, Hopen will plant a huge forest all over its tiny island. We will then have our own soil production after having set up a basic ecosystem. We will be able to sue that soil in our Northern Gardens without always trading for fertilizers and soil.

- These trees will grow and become a part of the system by late 1860s.


Hopen Island, as no opposition is observed, claims and takes control of the islands:

- Island of Storoya

- Abeloya Island

- all islands below Kongsoya (but not Kongsoya itself)

- Hopen island also keeps control of Hopen


A water tower is to be built at the highest point of all Hopen-inhabited islands. The island of Hopen will have 3 water towers, 2 at the highest point and 1 at the highest point at least 15 kilometers away.


Having received 100 advanced first aid kits, 60 will be placed in the Hospital. 40 will be used by Dispatchable Medics.

Dispatchable Medics is going to be a medical unit formed out of the leftover medical experts, and the military doctors. Each unit is to be formed of 2 medical experts and 2 army doctors. If news comes of an injured or harmed person, they will take the stretcher and an advanced first aid kit. The stretcher will have belts used to stabilize the patient, so one doesn't fall off. It will also have a pillow on the head part and below the spine/backbone to prevent extensive damage from the stretcher falling to the ground. The patient will first be given first aid, etc, by medical experts, and will then be carried by the armed doctors with constant supervision of the medical ones to the central hospital.

40 dispatchable medical teams will be formed. Given that a patient does not need all of the first aid kit and 4 people can carry 2 stretchers (or theoretically 3 but let's forget about that), in the event of crisis, up to 80 people could be medically transported at once, with 20 more arriving by themselves to the central emergency health centre.

Teams will be deployed as follows:

-16 in the capital

-4 on shores of Hopen

-9 in non-capital inland areas of Hopen

-7 on boats

-4 on Storoya

To alert dispatchable doctors, telegraphs so far used for NASIDIP will be used, unless the patient should either be taken to such a point by nearby people or someone should take their way to the nearest dispatchable team centre to alert them to come for the injured.

If dispatchable medics are used to transport infected people, they must be carried around with a stretcher under and above them. Following arrival at the hospital, dispatchable medics are given quarantine similar to that of medical workers. All people who served the infected person before the arrival of medical staff shall quarantine.


Following are holidays in Hopen, with their respective names and justifications:

- February 21: The Day of Collectivism; The Communist Manifesto was published in 1848.

- March 18: Paris Day: The Paris Commune was established in 1871.

- May 1: Hopen Day: Day of evacuee arrival at Hopen in 1841.

- July 7- August 27: summer holidays: it's summertime i guess.

- September 14: Kapital Day: Das Kapital was published in 1867.

- October 31: Day of our Egos: The Ego and its own is published in 1844.

- December 31: Rebellion Day: Day of the RP Kronstadt rebellion in 1839.

- Tuesdays and Wednesdays are free of work, unless the worker sets up their weekly timetable otherwise. This is not counted as a holiday.

It is expected that on holidays, only emergency work will be done.

Currently, 51 days are holidays based on vacations and 6 based on one-day holidays. In total, 57 days are holidays.

Each citizen gets to pick up an additional 10 days in a year as personal holidays, which are declared on December 31. If any of them is before January 15, they must be declared by December 20.

Thus, up to 67 days are expected free days. Additionally with fully permissible sick leave, weekends, and work being voluntary, we expect an average 170 free days per year. Thus we expect an average person will work less than 200 days per year, around 3 hours per day. With the current labour age being cca 22 years, that creates 13'200 work hours per citizen. With 40'000 citizens, that is 528'000'000 work hours.

Only commemorating events by the time of the RP is possible (updated in 1871).

Note that workers are free to work on holiday dates, shall they ideologically or otherwise oppose them.


BREAKING NEWS: Captain of a Hopen military ship Aurora Hopenis, at the moment of the incident crewed by 37 sailors, lost control of the ship as strong currents crushed them into the shore. They hit a rock and the boat was set ablaze. This will be named "Case Aurora".

CASE AURORA: The ship is of Karl Marx class.

CASE AURORA: For the first time in Hopen history, dispatchable medics are being used. Dispatchable medical team 13 has a three-minute walk and a two-minute sail ahead of them.

CASE AURORA: Armed forces start evacuating the ship using lifeboats. They report that they won't all be able to evacuate. The captain has ordered an evacuation. For the time being, most of the crew are using seawater to stop the fire.

CASE AURORA: 10 dispatchable medical teams have come to surround the Karl Marx class ship, but they remain 40 meters away to avoid incidents.

CASE AURORA: Five sailors jump into the sea. Four are badly hurt and start to sink but are rescued by Dispatchable medics. One is lost in depths of the sea and was most probably too badly burnt anyways.

CASE AURORA: Karl marx ships are as follows: 2'000 kg, wooden, 20 meters in length, 8 meters wide, 12 cannons, 40 hand-held guns, crew of 50, lifeboats. Happily, it wasn't fully crewed for battle this time, as it had been fishing before it hit the rocks.

CASE AURORA: As 32 sailors remain on the ship, flags on the ship catch fire. Now the crew is surrounded by flames.

CASE AURORA: 10 sailors evacuate using lifeboats.

CASE AURORA: One of the lifeboat evacuees reports the captain was fighting with fire on their clothes as the latest evacuees left.

CASE AURORA: There is an explosion in the cannon area of the ship. Armed doctors of the dispatchable medical team 14 shouted for all the cannons to be aborted and thrown out. Another explosion of a cannon while doing this kills 2 sailors aboard and pushes 8 out of the ship. Of the eight, 1 is killed by the blast instantly. Remaining 7 are badly hurt but saved by the dispatchable medics. It is expected that of those 8+2, only 5 are going to survive.

CASE AURORA: Two Lesley Class ships arrive to pull the ship to the docking area.

CASE AURORA: They succeed in pulling the ship but fire kills half the remaining crew.

CASE AURORA: Military doctors of 6 dispatchable medical teams enter the boat. They bring out all remaining dead bodies that are on the ship and 6 of the crew that were still alive, in the ship. All 6 of the crew are badly hurt. It is expected 3 of them will live. 2 medics were hurt doing this entry into the boat.(edited)

CASE AURORA: Overview of the harm done:

- A Karl Marx ship badly damaged but not sunk. Cannons underseas etc., but will manage somehow. Not to worry. Fire is taken out manually.

- 15 dead

- 14 admitted to and dismissed from hospital (of that 2 medics)

- 10 crew rescued with no consequences

40 members of dispatchable medical teams participated in this action.

CASE AURORA: Were it not for the dispatchable medic teams, there would be around 27 dead, 2 injured, and 10 evacuated properly. This is the first bigger intervention of dispatchable medic teams in Hopen History, though they have been used on individual cases.

CASE AURORA: The Legislative Assembly found the capitan innocent as it was not possible to prevent the ship from hitting the coast. The decision to go into the current was found to be rational as the current hasn't ever caused much trouble except for one swimmer 20 years ago, a case not known to the capitan. All of their crew were found innocent as well.

CASE AURORA: After extensive research, Legislative Assembly found 4 dispatchable medic team members guilty of possibly fatal negligence for not attempting to save the sailor who, as one of five sailors who jumped from the ship, died sinking into the sea. Medical experts say the person could be saved. The dispatchable medical team members found guilty are the ones closest to the jump impact point of the killed. On the advice of peace specialists of the army, medics were found as "not responsible for diving undersea for injured". However, 2 military doctors will be put to further trial for negligence at job leading to a fatality.

CASE AURORA: After two military doctors admitted to all facts, they denied their ability to dive for the sailor who died due to their inactivity. They have shown that in that moment they thought their chance of death in case of diving was above 50%, thus in combination making it worse than 100% death rate for the sailor. Furthermore, they shouldn't be punished for not risking their lives in a situation already stressful. With consent of the persecutor, the Legislative Assembly pardoned the military doctors but renamed the "killed on impact" of the sailor into "injury leading to death (for mistreatment or lack thereof)".

CASE AURORA: Captain brought to trial again, as some ask why only 10 were evacuated using lifeboats, when so many could be saved, if only imminent evacuation was conducted. The capitan claims he thought the ship could be saved and thereby did not evacuate everyone. However, the legislative assembly voided his judgement of the ship being mightier than people's lives. The Legislative Committee has come to find the capitan guilty of gross negligence leading to 10 deaths and 11 injuries (those harmed by cannon explosion were found killed by an accident).

CASE AURORA: The captain has been removed from their job and will retake secondary school and specialization. They are not allowed to take up a sailor or infantry course in the Army school, if they indeed decide to enter such a specialized school. The capitan will be given 200 hours of lectures on rationality. The captain will not be allowed to drive boats that others are in. The captain has agreed to take a dive to retrieve bodies of those killed by impact with the sea; they will be secured by a medial dispatchable boat team to prevent the captain from injuring themselves. Captain's platform and Legislative Committee both agree to expel the captain out of the province; they have now moved to the other part of the capital city, and have restarted their life.


The Legislative Committee is to select 10 citizens who are psychologists, psychiatrists, or have equivalent specifics. They must not be occupied with much other work and must be willing to contribute. They are to form a team which is to be assigned with receiving mail by citizens for certain materials to be ranked as "material with the necessity for content warnings, in accordance with the CRIMINALIZATION OF MISHANDLING OF CONTENT WARNINGS section of the Criminal Code".


Hopen island will use all of its navy and fishers for a week to catch fish. With each team of 2 catching 50 fish per day, we project 375'000 fish per day to be caught. With this going on for 5 days (a work-week), we will have caught 1875000 fish in five days.

Due to insuccess in catching fish and some bad fish being caught, we expect only 25% realization, thus 468750 fish will be caught and will be useful. Of that, we will send 450'000 to Arabia (we expect around 1/9 to become uneditable in transport). Remaining 18000 will be distributed between 15'000 workers who were catching the fish. The leftover will be sacrificed to Karl Marx by being burned on his inflamable portrait.

Fishers and soldiers will be supplied with national food reserves for the time being. All production is still owned by the people - only this week will be reserved as a tribute to Arabs' help.


The Prize of Lesley Zore is to be a regular award by the Confederation of Platforms of Hopen Independent Provinces.

As of the latest update, the prize is awarded for the following fields of work:

- science of literature (fiction, political, historical, scientific, other)

- science of materia (chemistry, physics, other)

- science of logic (maths, logic, other)

- science of life (medicine, biology, applicable technology, education, other)

- science of peace (international relations, anti-war studies, other)

- science of unity (self-determination, economics, economic materialism, platformism, egoism, politology, other)

- other (other)

The prize may be retracted any time on the following basis:

- awardee did not accomplish that which they were awarded for

- awardee has since done more bad than good, especially if in the same field

- awardee has been unpersoned by the Hopen Legislative Committee or an equivalent institution we recognized, or is well-known as a person who deserves such legal action (perpetrators in regards to sexual misconduct)

- awardee steps down from the prize

The person must be alive to receive the prize.

The prize is to be announced in the news when it is awarded, and awardees with their award fields are to be listed in one single special act of the Other Decrees dosier (that act is not to be published in Discord due to length).

One may be awarded more than one time, and on any number of fields of awards.


Following are the awardees, and their fields of awards:

- Lesley Zore: all

- Lesley Zore: science of peace (international relations (peace with Sweden))

- Lesley Zore: science of life (applicable technology (cooking by electrocution))


CW.: electricity

Hopen will relieve the need for wood: seeing how insufficient our fuel resources are, we have decided to start experiments with food electrocution. Though some of the food - at the edge - is going to be burnt, other meat is going to be shit. However, it will clear the meat and will satisfy the hungry part of our population. Those people who were only able to eat vegetables from the Northern Garden, will now have access to some meat, though barely cooked. The government shall also experiment with electric cooking, waiting for electric cookers to be invented (they are not yet).

Electrocution cooking is to take place in communal kitchens.


Hopen conducts an education reform, to be carried out in accordance with its population size and other limitations. We would like a different system which would bring more education to anyone but we have too bad material conditions for that. That which materially cannot be carried out will be left out on a case-to-case basis, based on teachers' judgement.

Education, by default, is carried out in Russian. If necessary, it can also be provided in Swedish, Norwegian or English.


School schall begin at the 6th year of age. Basic school lasts 5 years and encompanies the following subjects, and with the following number of weekly classes.

Russian (5 classes), Swedish/Norwegian/English (3 classes), Maths (5 classes), Production of food in the Arctic environment (2 classes), Studies on Egalitarianism (3 classes), Literature and Writing (3 classes), Music (2 classes), Basic Humanist Studies (2 classes).

Students may choose Norwegian or English in place of Swedish, if they specifically wish to.

Everyone is expected to attend Basic School, but no force shall be used.


Russian in basic school shall be learned as follows:

- year 1: reading capital Cyrillic. Teachers attempt to discuss Russia and in Russian with students. Make students used to Russian.

- year 2: reading capital, non-capital and cursive Cyrillic. Possibly writing in capital Cyrillic. Basic vocabulary and grammar. Present tense with modals, conditionals and everything.

- year 3: writing Cyrillic. Past and future tense. Lower intermediate grammar. Naturalization of Russian language.

- year 4: technical understanding of Russian grammar and techniques.

- year 5: advanced Russian.

By the end of Basic School, students learn to use Russian as any other Russian-speaking person and should be able to continue learning Russian. Students are naturalized into Russian.


Swedish in basic schools will be learned as follows:

- year 1: reading capital Latin script. Teachers attempt to discuss Sweden and the West with students. Make students used to Swedish.

.- year 2: reading capital, non-capital and cursive Latin. Basic vocabulary, basics of present tense.

- year 3: writing Latin with some help by a "cyrillic-to-latin" chart. Present tense with modals, conditionals and everything.

- year 4: other tenses in Swedish.

- year 5: technical understanding of Swedish.

Swedish may be, on specific request by the student, replaced with Norwegian or English.

By the end of the Basic School, students learn to use Swedish as an international language and a political language. They are used to Swedish as a lingua franca and can continue to learn it.


Maths in basic schools will be learned as follows:

- year 1: counting. Positive whole numbers. The concept of even and odd. Introduction into the mathematical way of thinking. Development of abstract thinking.

- year 2: basic addition and subtraction. Basic decimals. Negative whole numbers. The concept of number 0 and its characteristics. The concept of treven and trodd. Development of abstract thinking.

- year 3: multiplication and division. advanced addition and subtraction. Showing multiplication as a function involving addition, thus making students understand the basics of functions very early on. Development of abstract thinking.

- year 4: basic 2D geometry. Usage of mathematical operations on geometric shapes. Advanced multiplication and division. Exponents and roots.

- year 5: concept of space. Concept of vectors. Expand the knowledge of functions onto the 2D geometry. Introduction of 3D space. Introduction into other mathematical operations (averages, factorials,...). Development of abstract thinking.

By the end of the basic school, students learn abstract thinking and have propper background in maths. They have a good background for continuation of learning and are ensured to understand the world around them and react to logistical-mathematical questions appropriately.


Production of food in the Arctic environment in basic schools will be learned as follows:

- year one: introduction to the problem. Introduction to our logistical problems of position in the arctic through stories and other methods.

- year two: understanding of the island's needs. Understanding of the food consumption by residents. What food we must eat, how to sustain our personal lives logistically.

- year three: access to and catching meat and similar sources of the island. Observing scarcity of resources in the island. Learning to sustain this overcrowded place with what little birds and fish we catch. Introduction to fishing.

- year four: accomodation to gardening. Accomodation to modern tools of production of vegetables so generously provided by the Russian Empire. Self-sustainability of the island through producing vegetables. Some fishing.

- year five: advanced methods of sustaining gardening in the Arctic environment. Introduction to work in the laboratory and highly developed gardens. Usage of abstract thinking to develop better conditions. Some more fishing.

By the end of the basic school, students will be able to sustain themselves and help us sustain the island population with proper food. They will be able to help us grow sufficient food on what little soil we have.


Studies of egalitarianism in basic schools will be learned as follows:

- year one: introduction to propper platforming in class. Practicing discussion. Practicing debating and avoiding reactionary rhetorical claims without providing arguments. Practicing debating and avoiding making assumptions and baseless rhetorical claims.

- year two: practicing debating and platformism without making rhetorical claims which sound great but have no arguments presented.

- year three: discussion of theories behind self, community and platformism. Practicing platformism on examples of actual class issues. Practicing platformism on examples of social issues.

- year four: discussion on theories behind marxism, capitalism, utopian socialism, egoism, monarchy, anti-totalitarianism and democracy. Practicing platformism.

- year five: introduction to utopian socialism, anarchism, marxism and other types of leftism present in the RP era. Introduction to equality of all people and issues minorities face in society. Practicing platformism on example of own rights and on example of marxism. Understanding of connection between abstract thought, platformism, maths, quality of life, discussion.

By the end of basic school, students will be able to take part in platforms and possibly in other parts of governing. They will be able to make rational decisions and will not discriminate against people or minorities. They will be peaceful and non-violent.


Literature and Writing in basic schools will be learned as follows:

- year one: The teacher reads stories aloud. These should have no social role implications etc (ex: no genderization of roles in fairy tales, like prince-princess differences). The teachers read stories by Russian and German classical authors, which are suitable for children.

- year two: reading of stories by russian classics by teachers. Children tell their own stories, make them up, maybe even discuss and criticize each other's works. If that happens, make them learn constructive criticism.

- year three: students read russian classics aloud. Children write very simple story-like paragraphs.

- year four: students read famous russian books quietly. They write about their opinions on those books, about their opinions of whatever they want, and make their stories of about 400 words in length.

- year five: students read and analyze Russian texts and respected authors independently. They write stories of up to 2'000 words in length in russian, and make analyst essays about issues which bother them in any aspect. Students also read some Swedish and express their thoughts in Swedish sufficiently.

Swedish can be replaced with Norwegian or English on student's request.

By the end of basic school, students will acquire language processing skills sufficient to help them analyse most literature. They will be able to better understand language used when platforming in the Platforms. They will have a background they can use to continue learning about world literature and writing.


Music in basic schools will be learned as follows:

- year one: listening to random music and getting used to different genres and experimenting with music genre

- year two: how music evolved through time, a simplistic overview

- year three: listening to and discussing works by classical authors of the 19th century. There are attempts at listening to what would later evolve into neoclassicism. As RP moves into that age, neoclassicism and social realism in music replace everything.

- year four: basics of music theory on examples

- year five: creation of basic music, learning very basics of one of accessible instruments.

By the end of basic school, students will have developed a taste for music, will be used to music of different kinds and will be more relaxed. They will be prepared for further musical education and different types of arts.


Basic humanist studies in basic schools will be learned as follows:

- year one: Understanding the history of Hopen (and Kronstadt as our starting point) through stories.

- year two: Understanding the geography of Hopen and of its cultural neighbours

- year three: History of Ancient Rome and Greece, Economy of the Inca Empire, social system of the late ancient Ireland, World history following the collapse of Ancient Europe

- year four: Understanding feudalism and capitalism, introduction to Hegel, Smith, Platon, Marx, Stirner

- year five: Last 100 years in political history, introduction to Schopenhauer, Engels, Kant, advanced Marx, advanced Stirner, Nietzsche.

By the end of the basic school, students will have developed an understanding of the history-geographical background of Hopen. They will also understand how this history interacted with the people and what material effects history has and how it behaves.


Secondary school schall begin after 5 years of Basic School have been completed. Secondary school lasts 5 years and encompanies the following subjects, and with the following number of weekly classes.

Russian (4 classes), Swedish (2 classes), Literature and Writing (4 classes), Maths (5 classes), Chemistry (3 classes), Physics (1 class), History (4 classes), Philosophy and Materialism (4 classes), Geography (1 class)

99.9% of people are expected to attend Secondary school, but no force shall be used.


Russian in secondary schools will be learned as follows:

- year one: further advanced Russian

- year two: technical understanding of Russian case system, gender system, word order.

- year three: Interslavic (our own version)

- year four: Yuzak (a constructed language by Lesley Zore)

- year five: advanced technical understanding of Russian sentence buildup, phonology, language evolution, et al.

By the end of secondary school, students will learn Russian much further than ever expected… Much better than most of the IRL readers know any language.


Swedish in secondary schools will be learned as follows:

- year one: intermediate technical understanding of Swedish

- year two: upper intermediate technical understanding of Swedish

- year three: advanced technical understanding of Swedish

- year four: analysis of Swedish grammatical system and of Swedish etymology

- year five: analysis of complicated Swedish texts

By the end of Secondary school, students will learn the technical side of Swedish, thus being able to technically understand other languages very quickly. They will have a much much much better understanding of technical sides of languages than most of the IRL readers.


Literature and Writing in secondary schools will be learned as follows:

- year one: advanced russian fiction

- year two: advanced world fiction, early experimental science fiction

- year three: proto-constructivist tendencies in lyricism, writing poems

- year four: proto-constructivist tendencies in esseyism and absurdism in stories, writing science fiction, writing constructivist essays

- year five: Heavily advanced Marx, Advanced Russian and German authors, non-European advanced complex texts, heavily advanced philosophy, writing critiques of philosophical texts

By the end of Secondary School, students will be good authors and we will become specialists in writing and philosophy.


Maths in secondary schools will be learned as follows:

- year one: Logarithms. Trigonometry. usage of functions and vectors to develop multi-dimensional shapes. Non-Euclidean space theory. Usage of non-euclidean space to analyze data.

- year two: Limits. Imaginary numbers. Advanced trigonometry. Advanced probability.

- year three: Differential equation. Advanced differential equation.

- year four: Hollow shapes. Infinite multidimensional shapes, infinite non-euclidian multidimensional spaces.

- year five: Integrals. Advanced infinities. Fractals, advanced fractals. Advanced zeta functions. Game theory.

By the end of Secondary School, students will understand advanced maths on the mid-university level. They will have developed an unbelievably great abstract thinking, which will help them greatly with writing and philosophy.


Chemistry in secondary schools will be learned as follows:

- year one: Basics of chemistry. Overview of groups of elements. Basic terminology.

- year two: Subatomic chemistry, what little is known of it. Organic chemistry.

- year three: Bonds between particles. Bond strength calculation.

- year four: Mass, part and composition in chemistry. Equivalents to LD50. Fertilization used in arctic environments.

- year five: Short review of organic chemistry. DNA, depending on the year of the RP. Mutations, depending on the year of the RP. Abiogenesis, depending on the year of the RP. Evolution, what little is known of it. Chemicals affecting the body. Neural systems.

By the end of Secondary School, students will have an understanding of chemistry and the basics of biology.


Physics in secondary schools will be learned as follows:

- year one: basics of newtonian physics

- year two: motion

- year three: circular, multidimensional and non-euclidean motion. electricity, what little is known of it

- year four: adapting the differential equation to physics. Buildup of matter and basics of subatomic physics, what little is known of it.

- year five: Quantum state, what little is known of it. Quantum functions, what little is known of it. Usage of differential equations and different functions for lower-intermediate quantum mechanics, what little is known of it.

By the end of Secondary school, students will understand a big part of then-physics.


History in secondary schools will be learned as follows:

- year one: Historical methods. Material influences on historical developments. Influence of history on material conditions. Our position in history. Brief history of Hopen island.

- year two: Neolithic revolution. Patriarchy. Early neolithic societies. Ancient Greece.

- year three: Ancient Rome. Social, economic and related systems of native people of Ireland, Illyria, Chile. Rise of feudalism and absolute theocracy.

- year four: Feudalism. Latent instabilities in feudalism. An overview of the political history of the middle ages. Rise of market economy. Capitalism incorporated into feudalism.

- year five: Overview of political history of latest 4 centuries. Fall of Feudalism. 1848. Highly developed capitalism. Early imperialism. Das Kapital. Newest political developments.

By the end of secondary school, students will know a lot about history.


Philosophy and materialism in secondary schools will be learned as follows:

- year one: Basics of queer theory. The joint between psychology and sociology of the intersectional interactional class struggle.

- year two: Advanced queer theory. Class relations. Ego. Egoism of Stirner. Organization of egos into functional communes (platforms) and further into Hopen.

- year three: Queer history. Intersectionalism. Anarchism. Marx, Engels, Stirner, Hegel, Smith.

- year four: Rhetorics. In-depth analysis of Das Kapital in either Russian, Swedish, Norwegian, German or English.

- year five: Hopen Platformism. 1848 in theory and practice. Marxism-egoism-anarchism in theory, in practice and in platformism.

By the end of secondary school, all of the students will be politically capable of decision-making and materialist thinking. This will also help their literal development.


Geography will be learned in secondary schools as follows:

- year one: Geographical effects on Hopen island. General geographical effects on the example of Hopen island and other areas of the world. Comparasants.

- year two: Geographical understanding of the whole world. Astronomy, et al. Effects on and of relief and climate.

- year three: Geography of Tricontinentale (Latin America, Africa, Asia)

- year four: Geography of North America and Oceania.

- year five: Geography of Europe.

By the end of secondary school, students will have a proper understanding of geography and some sense of geopolitics.


Specialist school schall begin after 5 years of Secondary School have been completed.

Around 75% of the population is expected to complete a Specialist school.

Specialist school lasts 5 years.

Specialist schools are set up by decree and are only listed here. Their current list includes:

- Army School

- Teaching School

- Medical School


1. All types of violence are strictly forbidden. Each school must have at least 2 groups of 3 teachers tasked with supporting those in need due to violence. If any peer violence is noted, the violent person is suspended from attending classes or entering school for 2 weeks, or for longer, should teachers after consulting the class so decide. In case of problematic violence, the case is transferred to the Legislative Commision in accordance with the Criminal Code.

2. Any person who commits any sexual offence of any type in the context of education cannot be pardoned by the Legislative Commision, unless otherwise noted in the law.

3. Class attendance is not compulsory, but shall the student lack some knowledge, the parents are required to make sure the student attends classes. If parents are unable to do so peacefully, they shall receive help from one of the school's teachers, which can be replaced on student's demand. No force may be used.

4. Unlisted classes, such as sports, neurology, etc., may be organized by individual teachers, but must not conflict with the general timetable and must be completely voluntary.

5. Teacher(s) may not be alone with singular students. A proof of that automatically incriminates the teacher for any allegations. For activities, where that is the only possibility, a special permit is to be acquired.

6. One may not go to basic or secondary school more than two times.

7. All timetables for basic schools must result in less than 27, for secondary in less than 30, and for specialist schools in less than 35 hours of classes weekly.

8. More detailed rules (absurd details or personally important details) are published by decree.


1. Students and teachers are equals. They are comrades to one another.

2. As from each according to their ability, teachers are supposed to serve students knowledge and safety.

3. As to each according to their need, students receive knowledge and a guarantee of safety.

4. As to each their own, students can do whatever which does not harm or threaten to harm others. They are free not to study. They are free not to gain much knowledge. THere may not be grades or other forms of exams to limit one's development and education. Homework is not assignable, but additional school work may be assigned by the teacher(s) based on the students' will. No school work is compulsory.

5. Students are ideological leaders for teachers.Teachers must ideologically comply with their students, and not the other way around. Note that violent ideas must still be taken care of, in the form of egalitarianism subjects. Rules against violence overwrite this rule.

6. No-one is superior to another in school.

7. Teachers may not make students face ideological challenges, such as genderization, entering churches, reading religious texts, etc.

8. Religion, morals or any such ideas may not be taught in school. They may be studied from a distance. Especially morals and values are of a great importance to sociology and philosophy, as social constructs. However, no religion, morals, or similar social construct, may be implied/assumed or taught as positive. We are all separate egos.


Each school must be able to host students which do not feel as old enough to live on their own and do not live with someone capable of taking care of them according to regular norms. We hope that with the decades to come, all students would start living at school, by their own decree. However, we currently cannot materially supply that. For now, even beds for those students are taken from their old homes, if possible.

Students above the age of 21 may not live in student campuses, unless the situation is extremely specifically such to let them do so. Know that as everything in the marketless economy is free, they have little reason to stay in student campuses.

Student campuses guarantee students 2 unheated and 1 warm meal per day, a place to sleep and learn, complete independence of the ego, clothing, and other stuff if they so require.


Hopen Government will attempt to publish and update statistics regularly. The current information relies mainly on the 1841 census of the island.


The Population was at 4 in 1830. After Kronstadt evacuated to Hopen, the population of Hopen was at 40'000 in 1841. It grows 6% yearly as more than half the population is the former sailor-rebels in their 20s and early 30s. However, this trend will end in the few years to come, dropping to 1% growth per year. By 1847, we expect the population to be at 55'000 and population growth to drop to 1.1%. By 1855, we expect the population to be at 56'000 and population growth to drop to 0.9%. At that point, the population growth will stop dropping. By 1871, we expect the population to be at 66'000 with population growth at 0.9%.


The religious (or non-religious) buildup of the Island in 1841 is as follows:

- atheist/non-religious/anti-religious: 80%

- satanic-atheist: 15%

- christian: 3%

- arctic native religions: 1%

- other: 1%


A recent study took a look at it (1841). Participants had the ability to tick multiple answers.

- pan: 40%

- straight: 35%

- bi: 41%

- gay: 30%

- omni: 15%

- asexual: 20%

- demisexual: 25%

- other: 25%

The study also found 15% aromantic, 15% demiromantic, 25% polyamory.


A recent study took a look at gender buildup of the population of Hopen in 1841. Participants were able to tick multiple answers. Results:

- female: 38%

- agender: 15 %

- male: 37%

- genderfluid: 25%

- genderflux: 24%

- bigender: 15%

- trigender: 7%

- other: 35%


Hopen economy is measured in wages (yearly wages).

In 1838, the economy of then-Kronstadt was at 70'000 wages. When we moved to Hopen Island, it dropped to 2'000 wages, but was quickly stabilized to 35'000 by the Northern Garden Project. Due to partnerships after that, it rose to 48'000 wages. It is projected to rise linearly as the population does.

Note that the internal economy is market-less. To sustain it, we consume the amount of wages that is equal to our population. In 1841, the economy was worth 49'800 wages (1800 from trade). We consumed 40'000, spent 4'000 on military and 2'000 on trading. 1'800 was added into the gold reserves.

As of 1841, the economy is 48'000 wages in size, with a population of 40'000 people, and we have 4'000 wages of gold reserves.

By 1871, we are projected to have an economy of 75'000 wages, 66'000 people, and we are projected to have 100'000 wages of gold reserves.


In 1841, Hopen had a population of 40'000. 20'000 self-determine as "able to serve in the army", but the government estimates that number to be around 13'000. 7'000 people have acquired propper military training 5 years in length. 4'000 people are ready to serve. 3'000 people are part of the active army.

The infantry consists of 1'000 members. All are armed like a classical European army.

The navy consists of 1'000 sailors. The boats are as follows:

- 3 ships of Lesley class: 10'000 kg, wooden, 40 meters in length, 15 meters wide, 30 cannons, 80 hand-held guns, crew of 100, lifeboats.

- 4 ships of Karl Marx class: 2'000 kg, wooden, 20 meters in length, 8 meters wide, 12 cannons, 40 hand-held guns, crew of 50, lifeboats.

- 22 ships of Max Stirner class: 500kg, wooden, 10 meters in length, 3 meters wide, 6 cannons, 15 hand-held guns, crew of 20, lifeboats.

- 87 ships of Hegel class: 50kg, wooden, 2 meters in length, 1 meter wide, 3 hand-held guns, crew of 3.

- 130 ships of Smith class: 10kg, wooden, an improvised floating desk with flammable material, used to set ships on fire.

Lesley class ships were taken in the 1838 Kronstadt Rebellion. Karl Marx class ships were partially acquired in the 1838 Kronstadt Rebellion, some were traded for with Arabia. Max Stirner class ships were either taken in the 1838 Kronstadt Rebellion or produced in Kronstadt. Hegel class ships were either produced in Kronstadt or in Hopen. Smith class ships were either produced in Kronstadt or in Hopen.

All ships are undamaged, except some minor damage during the evacuation to Hopen, which was already taken care of.

The medical and tactical branches of the military both consist of 500 soldiers each.


By 1841, before the educational reform was launched, the educational statistics were as follows:

- no education: 35%

- equivalent to Hopen basic school: 25%

- equivalent to Hopen secondary school: 25%

- equivalent to Hopen specialized school: 15%

After the educational reform takes place, by 1871, the educational statistics is projected to be as follows:

- no education: 1%

- basic school: 4%

- secondary school: 15%

- specialized school: 80%

We conclude that we expect the school reform, and as well the Irish copycat, to be a great success.


In 1838, before the land and accomodation confiscation, statistics were as follows:

- homeless: 10%

- in uncomfortable temporary housing: 7%

- in overcrowded accommodation: 40%

- in comfortable temporary housing: 3%

- had a proper home: 30%

- had more than one home, but less than 15: 9%

- had 15 or more homes: 1%

In 1841, following confiscation, statistics are as follows:

- homeless: 0.5%

- in comfortable temporary housing: 6.5%

- have a proper home: 93% - by Lesley Zore

The following code requires Python 3.0 or higher (up to November 29, 2020). Libraries required are OS and Random.

import os, random

on = 1

while on == 1:

inline = "ex"

prevline = "ex"

lastout = ""

respo = 0

yoy = 0

led = []

outline = ""

mode = "home"

path = os.path.abspath(__file__)[:-16]+"resp/"

if not os.path.exists(path):


names = os.listdir(os.path.abspath(__file__)[:-16]+"resp/")

entrance = raw_input("Please login or sign up! Type 'new' to sign up, or anything else to log in! -->")

if entrance == "new":

usernameconfirmed = 0

while usernameconfirmed == 0:

username = raw_input("new account's username: -->")

if not username in names:

usernameconfirmed = 1

if not os.path.exists(path+username+"/"):


print("username set to: "+username)

passwordconfirmed = 0

while passwordconfirmed == 0:

password = raw_input("new account's password -->")

account = open(path+username+"/account.txt", "a+")





print("password set to "+username)

logs = open(os.path.abspath(__file__)[:-16]+"resp/"+username+"/"+"acclog.txt", "a+")

logs.writelines(" - ACCOUNT CREATED - \n\n")



usernameconfirmed = 0

while usernameconfirmed == 0:

username = raw_input("enter your username: -->")

if username in names:

usernameconfirmed = 1


print("unknown username.")

passwordconfirmed = 0

while passwordconfirmed == 0:

password = raw_input("enter your password -->")

account = open(path+username+"/account.txt", "a+")

acclines = account.readlines()


if password == acclines[1]:


print("welcome back "+username)

logs = open(os.path.abspath(__file__)[:-16]+"resp/"+username+"/"+"acclog.txt", "a+")

logs.writelines(" - LOGGED IN - \n\n")


user = username

path = str(os.path.abspath(__file__)[:-16]+"resp/"+user+"/home")

def wtf(prevline, lastout):

f = open(path+prevline+".txt", "r")

lines = f.readlines()


f = open(path+prevline+".txt", "w").close()

f = open(path+prevline+".txt", "a+")

for line in lines:

if line.strip("\n")!=lastout:




if not os.path.exists(path):


print("Welceome to Chatbot v4.3.5! You are in the 'home' save!")

loggedin = 1

while loggedin:

path = str(os.path.abspath(__file__)[:-16]+"resp/"+user+"/"+mode+"/")

f = open(path+"example.txt", "a+")


f = open(path+"example.txt", "a+")

if len(f.readlines())==0:



prevline = inline

inline = str((raw_input("-->")).lower())

logs = open(os.path.abspath(__file__)[:-16]+"resp/"+user+"/"+"acclog.txt", "a+")

logs.writelines(username+": "+inline+"\n")


if inline == "wtf":

wtf(prevline, lastout)

outline = "deleted "+lastout+" as a response to "+prevline

elif inline == "more":

outline = lastout

elif inline == "back":

logs = open(os.path.abspath(__file__)[:-16]+"resp/"+username+"/"+"acclog.txt", "a+")

logs.writelines(" - BACKED OUT FROM "+mode+" MODE- \n\n")


lookat = ""

saves = os.listdir(os.path.abspath(__file__)[:-16]+"resp/"+user+"/")

while not lookat in saves:

print("\nYour saves are:")

saves = os.listdir(os.path.abspath(__file__)[:-16]+"resp/"+user+"/")


lookat = raw_input("What save to look at? You can also create a file by typing 'make _', with _ being the filename -->")

if lookat[:4]=="make":

lookat = lookat[5:]

if not os.path.exists((os.path.abspath(__file__)[:-16]+"resp/"+user+"/"+lookat)):



print("this directory already exists.")

lookat = ""

saves = os.listdir(os.path.abspath(__file__)[:-16]+"resp/"+user+"/")

mode = lookat

logs = open(os.path.abspath(__file__)[:-16]+"resp/"+username+"/"+"acclog.txt", "a+")

logs.writelines(" - ENTERED "+mode+" MODE- \n\n ")


elif inline == "logout":

conf = raw_input("If you want to log out, send 'Y' --> ")

if conf == "Y" or conf == "y" or conf == "yes" or conf == "YES" or conf == "Yes":

loggedin = 0

outline = "logging out..."

logs = open(os.path.abspath(__file__)[:-16]+"resp/"+username+"/"+"acclog.txt", "a+")

logs.writelines(" - LOGGED OUT - \n\n")


elif inline == "exit" or inline == "terminate":

conf = raw_input("If you want to quit, send 'Y' --> ")

if conf == "Y" or conf == "y" or conf == "yes" or conf == "YES" or conf == "Yes":

on = 0

loggedin = 0

logs = open(os.path.abspath(__file__)[:-16]+"resp/"+username+"/"+"acclog.txt", "a+")

logs.writelines(" - QUIT INTERNALLY - \n\n")


outline = "logging out and terminating the program..."


if inline == "":

inine = "ex"

inline = inline.replace(".", "")

inline = inline.replace("'", "")

inline = inline.replace("?", "")

inline = inline.replace("!", "")

inline = inline.replace("/", "")

inline = inline.replace("\n", "")

inline = inline.replace(":", "")

inline = inline.replace("-", "")

inline = inline.replace("%", "")

inline = inline.replace("#", "")

inline = inline.replace("/n", "")


f = open(path+lastout+".txt", "a+")

le = -1

if not inline in

le = len(f.readlines())



fopen = open(path+inline+".txt", "a+")

fread = fopen.readlines()

le = len(fread)

if le>1:

respo = random.randint(1, (len(fread)))


respo = -1

if (le >= respo) and (respo != -1):

outline = str(fread[respo-1])

elif le == 1:

outline = str(fread[0])


rep = 1

while rep:

rep = 0

yar = open(str(path+random.choice(os.listdir(path))), "r+")

while[(len(] == "example.txt":

yar = open(str(path+random.choice(os.listdir(path))), "r+")

led = yar.readlines()

if len(led)>0:

yoy = random.randint(1, (len(led)))

outline = str(led[yoy-1])


rep = 1



if (outline.find(",")==-1):

if (outline[0:1] == "wh") or (outline[0:2] == "how"):

outline = str(outline+"?")


if on == 1:


lastout = outline[:-1]

logs = open(os.path.abspath(__file__)[:-16]+"resp/"+user+"/"+"acclog.txt", "a+")

logs.writelines("BOT: "+outline+"\n")


YUZAK - by Lesley Zore

A language for pan-Indo-European communication.


About the author

How to pronounce "Lesley", author's first name:

l - voiced alveolar lateral approximant

ɛ (stressed) - open-mid front unrounded vowel

z - voiced alveolar sibilant fricative

l - voiced alveolar lateral approximant

i - close front unrounded vowel

How to pronounce "Zore", author's last name:

z - voiced alveolar sibilant fricative

ɒ - open back rounded vowel

r - voiced alveolar trill

ɛ (stressed) - open-mid front unrounded vowel

You can simply call me "Lesley"; I even had some people call me "Les".

Some goals of the language

- Phonetic inventory must be at least partially compatible with big Indo-European languages (Perfected, now it is compatible with the Indo-European family generally).

- Phonetic inventory must be between 15 and 25 consonants and vowels in total (Perfected).

- Word formation must be clear and systematic (Perfected).

- Must be non-gendered (Perfected).

- Must have vocabulary adapted generally from Indo-European languages (Perfected).

- Must name countries closely to how locals do, if possible (Perfected).

- Not taking words derived from others into account, it must have at least 400 base words (Perfected; surpassed 432 on November 2, 2020).

- Taking words derived from others into account (except for verb derivation and singularity-duality-plurality deviations), it must have at least 1500 words (Perfected; surpassed 2058 on November 2, 2020).

- Taking words derived from others into account, but not negated words, it must have at least 4000 words (Perfected; surpassed 8622 on November 2, 2020).

- Taking all words, including simple derivations and negations into account, it must have at least 8000 words (Perfected, surpassed 17244 on November 2, 2020).

What is taken from where

The inspiration for a consonant-based vowel infix system was taken from the Semitic languages. However, it is adapted for Indo-European users.

Structuring of verbs was taken from Slavic languages but has been simplified to

avoid difficulties. It has been degendered, as well.

The need for easier expression of objectivity, politeness or condemnation has been taken from English, though the concept was approached differently.

Diminutive and Augmentative were taken from Slovenian and German.

So far, the glossary has been informed by English, German, Russian, Bulgarian, Lithuanian, Italian, Spanish, Latin, Slovenian, Hindi, Gujarati, Armenian, Portugese.

The system of adverbs having to do with position in a 3d grid comes from programming; though z is usually used to symbolize height, here that is y. Thus, there is x, y and z. (X is ks)

The inspiration for a structural 27-sized system of pronouns of complete logic came from programming (Python 3).

The idea of pronouns having a slight case was adopted from English, though this is common in many languages.

Phonetic compatibility

Yuzak is phonetically compatible with most major Indo-European languages. It is fully compatible with English, Hindi, Spanish, French, Bengali, Russian, Portugese, Urdu, German, Marathi, Punjabi, Italian, Gujarati, Persian, Bhojpuri, Polish, Odia, Maithili, Ukrainian, Nigerian Pidgin, Sindhi, Nepali, Romanian, Dutch, Pashto, Magahi, Saraiki, Afrikaans, Sinhala, Chhattisgarhi, Assamese, Kurdish, Bavarian, Czech, Greek, Chittagonian, Swedish, Deccani, Sadri, Cameroonian Pidgin English, Sylheti.

Yuzak is thus phonetically fully compatible with 41 biggest Indo-European languages. I could not find sources on further ranking of languages belonging to this group by their number of speakers.

Yuzak is additionally fully compatible with Latin, Ancient Greek, Sanskirt and Esperanto. It is also compatible with Slovene, Serbian, Croatian, Serbo-Croatian, Hungarian.

Sources for the list of biggest Indo-European languages are List of languages by total number of speakers of Wikipedia, retrieved in late September 2020 and VisualCapitalist's Ranked: The 100 Most Spoken Languages Around the World. Note that I am, however, anti-capitalistic.

Note that for French… "The French rhotic has a wide range of realizations: the voiced uvular fricative [ʁ], also realised as an approximant, with a voiceless positional allophone [χ], the uvular trill [ʀ], the alveolar trill [r], and the alveolar tap [ɾ]. These are all recognised as the phoneme /r/,[5] but [r] and [ɾ] are considered dialectal. The most common pronunciation is [ʁ] as a default realisation, complemented by a devoiced variant [χ] in the positions before or after a voiceless obstruent or at the end of a sentence." - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is allowed for other languages which only have alternatives for r as well.

Note that Bengali speakers and others are given the pass to pronounce j/y as dʒ if necessary.

Note that Marathi phonology does not allow for voice f itself, so let it be known to Marathi speakers as ph. This stands for any other languages with the same issue, like Bhojpuri.


IPA consonant table

The goal is not to make phonetics seem naturally evolved, but functional.

Theoretical Form: IPA-mark [ romanization ]

Example Form: m [ m ]











m [ m ]

n [ n ]


p [p], b [ b ]

t [ t ], d [ d ]

k [ k ], g [ g ]

sibilant affricate

sibilant fricative

f, pʰ [f, v]****

s / z / c [ s / c / z ]*

non-sibilant fricative


j / dʒ [ y / j ]**


r / ʁ [ r ]***

lateral approximant

l [ l ]

* - some speakers may choose to pronounce that voice with deviation; ts and tz and dz and s and c and some others are interchangeable. However, it still behaves as a s.. Spelling C and Z and S is interchangeable in all words. However, spelling S is suggested in many cases to guarantee indo-european aesthetics. Overall, spelling and pronouncing it "s" is suggested. However, if a word is explecitely defined with a "C" we suggest usage of sound "c/ts", but it is not all that important.

** - some speakers, especially monolingual Bengali speakers, may decide to pronounce the letter j as dʒ, however, pronunciation j is preferred.

*** - pronunciations r and ʁ are both valid, but pronunciation r is preferred.

**** - pronunciations ph and f are both valid, but f is preferred.

Wherever there are multiple options, all options are interchangeable. One is possibly preferred - if so, such a word is written down in this walkthrough. However, usage of correct letters in such situations are expected only in formal situations. Then, because both the speaker and the listener must know the correct version, pronunciation can be derived from spelling and vice versa.

IPA vowel table

Theoretical form: IPA-mark [ romanization ]

Example form: i [i ]





i [ i ]

u [ u ]


e [ e ]*

o [ o ]**


a [ a ]***

* - some speakers may choose to pronounce that voice with deviation; e and ɛ and ɘ and ə and ɜ and œ and ɛ and æ and ɶ are interchangeable. However, it still behaves as an e.

** - some speakers may choose to pronounce that voice with deviation; o and o̞ and ɔ and ɒ are interchangeable. However, it still behaves like an o.

*** - some speakers may choose to pronounce that voice with deviation; ä and ɐ and a and ɑ are interchangeable, but they all behave as an a.

Wherever there are multiple options, all options are interchangeable. One is possibly preferred - if so, such a word is written down in this walkthrough. However, usage of correct letters in such situations are expected only in formal situations. Then, because both the speaker and the listener must know the correct version, pronunciation can be derived from spelling and vice versa.

Syllable stress

Geographic, or number syllables, are not taken into consideration in the syllable count.

All words developed through word formation from roots have their last syllable stressed. If they are defined otherwise than through word formation, their second syllable is stressed - unless they are numbers, then their second-to-last syllable is stressed.

Suffixes and prefixes are not taken in consideration when counting the syllables for finding syllable stress. For example, "sabor" is stressed as "sabór", but so is "sibéres" or "sabórinters". Even "ksasabór" or "ksasabórinters" follow that rule.

Sentence stress

In sentences which are questions requesting information, stress is on the word which has the ksa(r) prefix, demanding more information.

In sentences which are questions requesting confirmation, the final word is stressed and has higher pitch.

Other sentences have their first verb stressed if a verb is present indeed. If a verb is not present, the first word in the sentence is stressed.

Phonetic strategies

Most commonly, words are formed of syllables which are all "CV" syllables, except for the last one (coda), which is "CVC". This is true for all words generated through word formation out of roots.

Otherwise, any form of syllable is allowed. If one has trouble pronouncing a consonant cluster, an "e" may be pronounced between the two consonants, as long as that does not make the text possess a new meaning.

Words, derived from word formation from roots, may be pronounced without the last consonant, if the speaker is so tired, if and only if that would not change the meaning of the text.

When there are two one-syllable words (ex. "La es", "Ya es"...), stress falls on the first one-syllable word of them.

When there are three or one-syllable words (ex. "Ye es Yi", "Ya es ye"...), stress falls on the last one-syllable word of them.

Phonetic definability - spelling

One may pronounce the spelling of letters the following way:

- consonants: a[consonant]a (ex. ana) or [consonant]a (ex. na)

- wovels: ny[vowel] (ex. nya)

Word Formation


Word formation is conducted using three or more consonants.

For example, let our three consonants be B, C, and D.

Given vowels A, E, I, O, U, we can form 25 words by infixing those vowels between the consonants as long as all places must be filled by any vowel, which can repeat. However, some of these combinations can be unnatural to pronounce in accordance to certain consonants, thereby they have been emitted. Taking some inspiration from Semitic languages, this is the chart of valid combinations I have come up with.

BACAD - General Adjective / General Possessive Adjective (see Possessive Adjectives, Pre-Defined/Foreign words)

BACED - Type Adjective (to differentiate sort by name, not attributes inside a sort, nor to describe sorts)

BACID - Objective Attributive Adjective (see Attributive Adjective Valuing)

BACOD - Positive Attributive Adjective (see Attributive Adjective Valuing)

BACOD (negative)->BACOOD (pronunciation too hard)->BACOJOD - Negative Attributive Adjective (see Attributive Adjective Valuing)

BECED - Verb (see Verb)

BECOD - Used to define or declare a new root

BICED - Neutral Noun (See Noun Differentiation)

BICID - Greater Noun (See Noun Differentiation)
 BICID (minor)->BICIID (pronounciation too hard)->BICIJID - Minor Noun (See Diminutive and Augmentative)

BOCAD - Unjustified Possessive Adjective (see Possessive Adjectives)

BOCED - Emotional/Wishful/Psychological Possessive Adjective (see Possessive Adjectives)

BOCID - Bodily Possessive Adjective (see Possessive Adjectives)

BOCOD - Consumable Possessive Adjective (see Possessive Adjectives)

BOCUD - Temporary Possessive Adjective (see Possessive Adjectives)

BUCAD - Empty poetic form (see Emptiness)

BUCED - Panroot Form; encompansies all forms derived from a root

Thus creating 17 combinations of tripluscontonental root options.

Given that verbs have 60 combinations each (number, tense, person), that is 76 combinations. However, because all forms of a verb are a single word, we may still count it as 17 words being derived from a single root. Unless? :)

Certain words may be made up of more than three consonants. For example, let us temporarily define consonants BGDLM as something with "house". Thereby, "BEGEDELOM defines house". As a (neutral) noun, house would be "BEGEDILEM". As you can see, any word made up of more than three consonants is of the form BEBE...BEBEBEKAKAK, where K are last three consonants and B are all other consonants. Only vowels which are positioned in between last three consonants are then used to differentiate forms according to the Word Formation. Other vowels are E.

Words, which cannot be defined out of a verb, adjective, noun or other form defined within the word formation table above are defined separately, and do not change. Such words are, for example, English "and", pronouns, etc. They are defined in a different chapter than the consonant-system words.


Let's temporarily define ZLN as contonants forming read; so to say, "ZELON forms read"; as _E_O_ is used to define a root.

In this case, a verb form of ZLN is ZELEN. Let us observe verb formation.

As ZELEN would only be a verb of "read" with no specific attributes, let us discover how to create a verb. First we need to "glagolize" the ZELEN; to further differentiate it from the similar ZELON we first make the second E long, thus forming ZELEEN. Furthermore, ZELEEN is hard from differentiate from ZELEN, so let's insert an R. We have just formed ZELEREN.

ZELEREN can then be transformed further. First, the person can be altered.

ZELERAN - 1st person ("I read now")

ZELEREN - 2nd person ("You read now")

ZELERIN - 3rd person ("They read now")

ZELERON - impersonal form ("To read now")

As you may note, ZELEREN moved from 1st to "4th" person together with the letter in latin alphabet: A to O.

Furthermore, let's alter the number. This will as well be shown in the Numerical section, but let's do it here for the verb as well.

ZELERAN - Singular ("I eat")

ZELERANET - Expresses that the number is not a natural number ("Zero of us eat"), or in rare occasions used as Dual ("The two of us eat")

ZELERANES - Plural ("We eat")

Whenever the -t/-s suffix is attached, we can instead attach the -et/-es suffix if that is appropriate to pronunciation (see Numerical section)

Let's additionally alter the (time) tense of the verb ZELEREN.

ZELELEN - Pre-past (past perfect) (used rarely) ("You had eaten")
ZELEGEN - Past (any) ("You ate" (in past))
 ZELEREN - Present (any) ("You eat" (in present))

ZELESEN - Future (any) ("You will eat")

ZELESESEN - Further Future (used rarely) ("Later on, you will eat").

Foreign names and foreign / predefined words cannot be made into a verb for they either have a verb as well in whatever language they originate from.

Attribute Adjective Valuing

As seen in the Basics of the Word Formation, attributive adjectives can have value, either positive, negative or objective.

This can be explained in English as well. As of writing this, English is a very polite language where speakers do their best to find the softest and the most polite wording of what they want to convey. That is not a problem, however, it does take a lot of time and effort. Thereby, this language has simplified attributive adjective valuing.

Let us take a look at Attributive Adjective Valuing on the case of the world "deadly". I shall temporarily define the consonant group KGB as to do with "death". As shown in Basics and Verbs, we define that as "KEGOB is deadly".

KAGIB - objective for "deadly". For example, a specialist geopolitical news agency not interested in a victory of either side in a war may say: "Country used a deadly weapon"; Country used a KAGIB weapon.

KAGOB - positive for "deadly". For exaple, a war marshall may say with excitement: "This new weapon is deadly"; This new weapon is KAGOB.

KAGOB (negative)->KAGOOB (too hard to pronounce)->KAGOJOB - negative for deadly. For example, a parent may say this with care: "Look out, electricity is deadly"; Look out, electricity is KAGOJOB.

Foreign names and words can only be formed into adjectives using the form(s) defined in the Pre-defined / Foreign names.

Numerals Section

Let us take an example of a dollar. One can have a dollar, dollars, or none. I will temporarily define DLN as "dollar". Thus, "DELON defines dollar", but as a noun, DLN is DILEN.

DILEN - one dollar

DILENET - an amount of dollars which is not a natural (countable) number; that is, dilent is negative, zero, decimal, irrational or further not a positive whole. Sometimes, dilent can be used to signify two dollars.

DILENES - a plural of dollars

However, adding -s/-t can cause pronunciation issues. For example, if BND was used, it would be extensively difficult to say "Binedt" (BINEDT). Thereby, after any letter impropper for joining into a cluster with -t/-s, letter "E" can be inserted, making the suffix -s/-t/-es/-et. For example:



Letters which are proper for being joined with -s/-t are all vowels.

This can also be used to appropriate foreign names into a numeral form.

Numerals as the literal way of writing out numbers will be arrived at in a seperate part.

Possesive Adjectives

For this section, I will define KLG as "student". Thereby, "KELOG defines student".

KALAG - "student's", can be used to replace all others.

KOLAG - "student's", unjustified (unjustified/private) property

KOLEG - "student's", emotional (psychological) property

KOLIG - "student's", bodily property (self, physical needs)

KOLOG - "student's", consumable property (goods, personal property)

KOLUG - "student's", temporary property (that which is borrowed)

Foreign pre-defined words cannot be formed into possessive adjectives that way. They have a seperate system, noted in the Pre-defined / Foreign Names section.

Pre-Defined / Foreign Names

Of course, we cannot just rename everyone and everything to fit into this word formation. For example, my name is Lesley. Having a consonant cluster, it requires attention.

There is no need to create nouns, verbs etc. from foreign names or words, unless those are already present. Thereby, let us define possessive adjectives for foreign names, on the example of Lenin.

LENINI - "Lenin's", neutral (Lenin's toothbrush)

LENINOJO - "Lenin's", negative (Lenin's mistakes)

LENINO - "Lenin's", positive (Lenin's achievements)

In some cases, such a pronunciation is hard. When the core word ends with a vowel, use -ti/-jo/-to instead of -i/-ojo/-o. For example…

HOPPETI - "Hoppe's", neutral (Hoppe's toothbrush)

HOPPEJO - "Hoppe's", negative (Hoppe's conservatism)

HOPPETO - "Hoppe's", positive (Hoppe's retirement)

Diminutive and Augmentative

In certain languages, words have a diminutive form, for example in Slovenian or German. From those we have taken the idea of the feature, and we came up with the idea of the opposing augmentative, already present in certain languages.

Something can be minor, major or seen neutrally. For example, in Slovenian, a table is "miza". However, a small table is "mizica". We will also follow a similar idea, but we will be using infixes to show the size valuation.

I will temporarily define "RKT" as the root of "trouble", thus "REKOT defines trouble". RIKET is then the noun for "trouble".

Thus, we can form the following forms of RIKET to define our stance on the size of such a thing.

RIKET - neutral form, used to replace other forms if necessary ("trouble")

RIKIT - greater form, used to convey bigger size ("big trouble")

RIKIT (minor)->RIKIIT (too hard to pronounce)->RIKIJIT - minor form, used to express smaller size ("small trouble")

In general, pre-defined foreign words in this language cannot be minored or majored using the scale above.

Word negation

Words can be negated by supplying them with the prefix nye- (or nyet- if the word starts with a vowel).

For example, "famig" is "friendly". Thereby, "nyefamig" is "unfriendly/enemy-like".

This prefix can also be used on words which generally do not follow the Word Formation system.

For example, "si" is "yes". Thereby, "nyesi" is "no." However, this example is utter nonsense because we already have the word "nye", meaning "no." However, Yuzak theoretically allows for "nyenyenyesi" to mean "no".

This can also be used on the verb "to be", which translates to Yuzak as "es" (or "yeseros" for long). Thereby, "nyetes" means "not to be" (or "isn't, aren't,..."). However, "nyetes" can also be spelled as "nye es" in a sentence if preferred (as nye is also used to negate parts of sentences).

Note that while nye in a sentence does refute information (as seen in the Grammar section), it does not reverse it. Only "nye-" as a prefix can negate information.

For example, "Yi es nye sabir" = "She is not good" (Maybe she is neutral in effect); while "Yi es nyesabir" = "She is bad/ungood".

Name of the language

The name for this language comes from the russian term for "language", Yazik. However, to make it a proper word, vowels are replaced with U and A, forming YUZAK. This is the poetic version of the root, used to symbolise the whole number of root derivation possibilities. In this very case, it has become the name for the language. Name YUZAK also uses vowels U and A, in this shape symbolizing the word lingua. I hope the presence or the leters U and A will be enough to remind non-slavic speakers of the word YUZAK through Lingua. Yuzak is also derived from the Yazik word Yuza, with suffix -k, meaning the language of human civilization. Know that such naming is a joke. Yuzak does not claim to be a world IAL, it is an Indo-European IAL.


Sentence-initial words have their initial letter capitalized.

Personal names, countries, languages and words derived from those three are capitalized.

There is an alternative way of writing where we capitalize each initial letter, use spaces only in front of letters that would be capitalized by default, and following sentence-final punctuations.


Words in the two glossaries here are sorted as one may wish to learn them, not by any numero-alphabetical order.

The format used presents:

[word in Yuzak] = [English version] (additional comments or explanations)

Glossary of roots to be used with the root system

  1. BKR = enjoy

  2. BNN = banana

  3. BNNY = yellow

  4. BNT = nice

  5. DBT = debate

  6. DLS = part

  7. DMKRT = democracy

  8. DNCR = denounce

  9. DRV = tree

  10. DTL = detailed

  11. DYR = law, lawful...

  12. FCL = easy (Facil in spanish)

  13. FMG = friend

  14. FLN = exception

  15. FTR = wind

  16. GDN = year

  17. GFL = feel

  18. GRK = hot, very warm

  19. KBS = food

  20. KLY = potassium

  21. KLYN = pink

  22. KLR = color, colour

  23. KLS = way (metaphoric; this is the way of doing something)

  24. KLT = cold, very cool (temperature)

  25. KMN = come

  26. KMNL = commune

  27. KMNLM = communism

  28. KPTL = capital

  29. KPTLM = capitalism

  30. KRK = idol

  31. KRN = current, present, now

  32. KRS = oil, kerosine (as general supply, not chemically exact)

  33. KRSV = blood

  34. KRSVN = red

  35. KSRN = house

  36. KTR = equator

  37. LBRT = liberty

  38. LNG = language

  39. LTR = word

  40. LTY = lithium

  41. MDFKT = modification, ammandmant, additional correction

  42. MGT = can

  43. MGN = like

  44. MKN = make, work (towards something) (not as job)

  45. MNG = very, a lot

  46. MNRK = monarchy

  47. MPR = map

  48. MRT = death

  49. MRY = sea

  50. MSC = moon

  51. MST = month

  52. NBV = sky

  53. NBVN = blue

  54. NMR = number

  55. NZR = look

  56. PDR = power

  57. PKL = little

  58. PLS = pole (northern, southern pole) (not a stick!)

  59. PPL = person

  60. PRL = talk

  61. PPT = traveller

  62. PRLL = parallelity

  63. PRS = leave, go

  64. PSS = have

  65. PZV = call (either using phone, address someone, summon someone to answer)

  66. RBN = ruby (Ruby, rubi or rubin in most languages; becomes "riben")

  67. RBT = work, job, labour (not as make)

  68. RKL = get, obtain

  69. RMNR = remain

  70. RMF = remove

  71. RND = human

  72. RNT = shit

  73. RPBLK = republic (repebilek)

  74. RPZ = resting

  75. RYN = water

  76. RYNY = ray, beam

  77. RST = way (literal; this is the way to the city of Moscow)

  78. SBR = good, goodness

  79. SDR = sweat

  80. SGRMN = suggestion, proposal

  81. SLL = island

  82. SLS = sun

  83. SNV = snow

  84. SNVN = white

  85. SPL = fail

  86. SPSB = thanking (use sepasib as "thanks" - same as "thankfully")

  87. SRK = big, much, lots of

  88. SRKR = governmental state

  89. SYTR = closed, fastened

  90. SYY = shine

  91. SYZ = union

  92. CTR = search, look for

  93. STRN = strontium

  94. STRNN = purple

  95. TBR = eating

  96. TMY = darkness (either in colour or lack of light)

  97. TMYN = black

  98. TNR = hold

  99. TRV = grass

  100. TRVN = green

  101. SGN = tell

  102. TGN = day

  103. TMP = time

  104. UTLT = use

  105. YKT = jacket

  106. YRN = daytime, day

  107. YSS = be, is (Yeses, from Yestes as a combination of este and other similar words from a number of languages); yss words can also be replaced by the word "es", as an exception.

  108. YZK = Yuzak (name of this language)

Geographical names

Following is the list of names of geographical areas.

Add -land to name the government of some area.

Add -k to name a language of some region.

Add -yan to name a nation/people of some region.

Those suffixes do not count into the syllable count when discussing stress.

Without suffixes, the area refers to the area it names - be it a country, or whatever. For example, "Norge" is "Norway" as the land of Norway. "Norgestan" is the "state of Norway", as the Kingdom of Norway. "Norgek" is "Norwegian". "Norgekes" are the "languages of Norway", like Norwegian and Sami languages. "Norgeyan" is "Norwegian". "Norgeyanes" is "Norwegians".

  1. posito = geographical area / place/ ...

  2. Yuza = combination of all places where humans have a notable effect

  1. planeto = planet

  2. Geya = Earth

  1. kontinento = continent

  2. Era = Europe

  3. Asya = Asia

  4. Afro = Africa

  5. Kaya = Australia

  6. Ayopola = Antarctica

  7. Ayenya = South America

  8. Eyenya = Central America

  9. Oyenya = North America

  10. Latenya = Latin America

  11. Angenya = Angloamerica

  12. Enya = America

  13. Erasya = Eurasia

  14. Trikontinentas = Tricontinentale (Latin America, Asia, Africa)

Below are some names for areas of certain countries and their territories. We attempt to conform to the local name for a country. They do not yet have the -land suffix attached!!!

  1. governara = state (de facto state, used generally)

  2. Abakaza = Abkhazia

  3. Afgana = Afghanistan

  4. Siperia = Albania

  5. Alayazer = Algeria

  6. Samoya de Enya = American Samoa

  7. Andora = Andorra

  8. Angola = Angola

  9. Anguyila = Anguilla

  10. Antiguya et Barbuda = Antigua and Barbuda

  11. Argentina = Argentina

  12. Haya = Armenia

  13. Artsak = Artsakh

  14. Aruba = Aruba

  15. Kaya = Australia

  16. Ozaray = Austria (east, reich)

  17. Azarabaja = Azerbaijan

  18. Bayama = Bahamas

  19. Alabayara = Bahrain

  20. Banglada = Bangladesh

  21. Barabada = Barbados

  22. Belayarus = Belarus

  23. Belgiya = Belguim

  24. Belize = Belize

  25. Benina = Beinin

  26. Beremuda = Bermudas

  27. Butana = Buthan

  28. Boliviya = Bolivia

  29. Bosana et Herzegovina = Bosnia and Herzegovina

  30. Botasafana = Botswana

  31. Brasiliya = Brazil

  32. Bruneyi = Brunei

  33. Bulgara = Bulgaria

  34. Burkina Faso = Burkina Faso

  35. Burundi = Burundi

  36. Kamapusa = Cambodia

  37. Kamerun = Cameroon

  38. Kanada = Canada

  39. Kabo Verde = Cape Verde

  40. Kaymana = Cayman Islands

  41. Repebalik Eksezafro = Central African Republic

  42. Tahad = Chad

  43. Kile = Chile

  44. Zonga = China

  45. Sileles de Krismati = Christmas Islands

  46. Sileles de Kokosi = Cocos Islands

  47. Kolombiya = Colombia

  48. Komori = Comoros

  49. Demekarit Repebalik Kongo =Congo (D.R.)

  50. Repebalik Kongo = Congo (Republic of)

  51. Sileles de Kuki = Cook Islands

  52. Kostarika = Costa Rica

  53. Kotedivore = Cote D'ivoire, Ivory Coast

  54. Hrvati = Croatia

  55. Kuba = Cuba

  56. Kibris = Cyprus

  57. Deska = Czechia

  58. Danamarka = Denmark

  59. Gabuti = Djibouti

  60. Dominika = Dominica

  61. Donetsk = Donetsk (People's Republic)

  62. Repebalik Dominika = Dominican Republic

  63. Oz Timor = East timor

  64. Ekadoro = Ecuador

  65. Misra = Egypt

  66. El Salvador = El Salvador

  67. Kater Gineya = Equatorial Guinea

  68. Tiginiya = Eritrea

  69. Esti = Estonia

  70. Itiyopiya = Ethiopia

  71. Sileles de Malvina = Falkland Islands

  72. Sileles de Foroya = Faroe Islands

  73. Matanitu = Fiji

  74. Suyomi = Finland

  75. Fransi = France

  76. Guyana de Fransi = French Guiana

  77. Polinesi de Fransi = French Polynesia

  78. Ay positos de Fransi = French Southern Territories

  79. Gabona = Gabon

  80. Gambi = Gambia

  81. Sakartelo = Georgia

  82. Fejmaro = Germany (Weimar)

  83. Gana = Ghana

  84. Gibralta = Gibraltar

  85. Elada = Greece

  86. Kalalita = Greenland

  87. Grenada = Grenada

  88. Guyadelope = Guadelope

  89. Gineya = Guinea

  90. Gineya-Bisay = Guinea-Bissau

  91. Guyana = Guyana

  92. Yayiti = Haiti

  93. Marojot Rinido= Holy See (Vatican) ("deatly shit") (no offense lmao)

  94. Ondura = Honduras

  95. Ksiyang = Hong Kong

  96. Magiyaro = Hungary

  97. Islandi = Iceland

  98. Barati = India

  99. Indonezi = Indonesia

  100. Irani = Iran

  101. Aliraki = Iraq

  102. Ayre = Ireland

  103. Yizrayel = Israel

  104. Itali = Italy

  105. Yamayka = Jamaica

  106. Nipon = Japan

  107. Alurdu = Jordan

  108. Kazaki = Kazakhstan

  109. Keniya = Kenya

  110. Kiribati = Kiribati

  111. Koson, Oy Kori = Korea (North)

  112. Naman, Ay Kori = Korea (South)

  113. Kosova = Kosovo

  114. Kurdi = Kurdistan (Warning! Kurdistan would refer to Iraq Kurdish Gov't!)

  115. Alkuyat = Kuwait

  116. Kirgi = Kyrgyzstan

  117. Layo = Laos

  118. Lativa = Latvia

  119. Lubano = Lebanon

  120. Lesoto = Lesotho

  121. Liberi = Liberia

  122. Libiya = Libya (Use Eng. Abbriv. for warring sides - GNA,...)

  123. Liyentayn = Liechenstein

  124. Lituva = Lithuania

  125. Luhansk = Luhansk (People's Republic)

  126. Lezemburg = Luxemburg

  127. Omen = Macau

  128. Madaga = Madagascar

  129. Malafi = Malawi

  130. Malasiya = Malaysa

  131. Rayaye = Maldives

  132. Mali = Mali

  133. Malta = Malta

  134. Sileles de Majeli

  135. Martinike = Martinique

  136. Muritaniya = Mauritania

  137. Maritus = Mauritus

  138. Mayote = Mayotte

  139. Meksika = Mexico

  140. Mikroneziya = Micronesia

  141. Moldoya = Moldova

  142. Monako = Monako

  143. Mongoli = Mongolia

  144. Gora = Montenegro

  145. Monterat = Montserrat

  146. Magribi = Morocco

  147. Mosambike = Mozambique

  148. Mayama = Myanmar

  149. Namibiya = Namibia

  150. Nayuru = Nauru

  151. Nepalo = Nepal

  152. Neder = Netherlands

  153. Antile de Neder = Netherlands Antilles

  154. Post Kaledoni = New Caledonia

  155. Ateyara = New Zealand

  156. Nikaraguya = Nicaragua

  157. Nigero = Niger

  158. Nigeriya = Nigeria

  159. Niyuye = Niue

  160. Makedoni, Oy Makedoni = Macedonia, North Macedonia

  161. Sileles de Oy Mariyana = Northern Mariana Islands

  162. Norge = Norway

  163. Umana = Oman

  164. Paki = Pakistan

  165. Belayu = Palau

  166. Filastin = Palestine

  167. Panama = Panama

  168. Papua Post Gini = Papua New Guinea

  169. Paragu = Paraguay

  170. Peru = Peru

  171. Pilipina = Phillipines

  172. Silel de Pitcayri = Pitcairn Island

  173. Polska = Poland

  174. Portuga = Portugal

  175. Puyerto Rico = Puerto Rico

  176. Katar = Qatar

  177. Silel de Reyuniyon = Reunion Island

  178. Romani = Romania

  179. Rosiya = Russia

  180. Royafa = Rojava

  181. Randa = Rwanda

  182. Kits et Nefis = Saint Kitts and Nevis

  183. Luciya = Saint Lucia

  184. Vincent et Grenades = Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

  185. Samoya = Samoa

  186. Marino = San Marino

  187. Tome et Principe = Sao Tome and Principe

  188. Menirek de Arabi = Saudi Arabia

  189. Mareyo = Sealand

  190. Senegali = Senegal

  191. Serbi = Serbia

  192. Seyeles = Seychelles

  193. Siyera Leyon = Sierra Leone

  194. Singapur = Singapur

  195. Sloveno = Slovakia

  196. Sileles de Solomon = Solomon Islands

  197. Somaliya = Somalia

  198. Ay Osetiya = South Ossetia

  199. Repebilek Ay Afro = South African Republic

  200. Ay Sudan = South Sudan

  201. Espani = Spain

  202. Sri Lanka = Sri Lanka

  203. Sudano = Sudan

  204. Surinami = Suriname

  205. Esfatini = eSwatini, ESwatini, Swaziland

  206. Sfergi = Sweden

  207. Suyise = Switzerland

  208. Suriya = Syria (Use Eng. abbrev. for warring factions - SAR,...)

  209. Tayfan = Taiwan

  210. Tosiki = Tajikistan

  211. Tansani = Tanzania

  212. Tayi = Thailand

  213. Tigra = Tigray

  214. Etadnester(o) = Transnistria, Pridnestrovia

  215. Bodo = Tibet

  216. Oz Timoro = Timor-Leste (East Timor)

  217. Togo = Togo

  218. Tokelayu = Tokelayu

  219. Tonga = Tonga

  220. Trinidad et Tobago = Trinidad and Tobago

  221. Tunisi = Tunisia

  222. Turkiye = Turkey

  223. Turkmeni = Turkmenistan

  224. Sileles de Turkes et Kaykos = Turks and Caicos Islands

  225. Tufalu = Tuvalu

  226. Uganda = Uganda

  227. Ukrayina = Ukraine

  228. Siyez de Serikeres de Arabi = United Arab Emirates

  229. Sayiz Menirek = United Kingdom

  230. Siyez de Serikeres de Enya = United States of America

  231. Uruguyay = Uruguay

  232. Ubeki = Uzbekistan

  233. Fanuyatu = Vanuatu

  234. Fenesuyela = Venezuela

  235. Fyetnam = Vietnam

  236. Sileles de Virgin (de SM) = Virgin Islands (of the UK)

  237. Sileles de Virgin (de SSE) = Virgin Islands (of the USA)

  238. Sileles de Falis et Futuna = Wallis and Futuna Islands

  239. Az Sayari = Western Sahara

  240. Yaman = Yemen

  241. Zambiya = Zambia

  242. Zapati = Zapatista

  243. Zimbabe = Zimbabwe

  1. Sayari = Sahara

  2. Lefanta = Levant

  3. Oyopola = Arctic

  4. Oyopiles(o) = North Pole

  5. Ayopoles(o) = South Pole


  1. voydo = zero

  2. voydore, te, nu = one

  3. dufo = two

  4. tri = three

  5. fire = four

  6. penta = five

  7. penu = six

  8. pedufo = seven

  9. petri = eight

  10. pefire = nine

  11. unore, tere, deka = ten

  12. denu = eleven

  13. dedufo = twelve

  14. detri = thirteen

  15. defire = fourteen

  16. depenta = fifteen

  17. depenu = sixteen

  18. depedufo = seventeen

  19. depetri = eighteen

  20. depefire = nineteen

  21. dufode = twenty

  22. dufodenu = twenty-one

  23. dufodedufo = twenty-two

  24. dufodepetri = twenty-eight

  25. tride = thirty

  26. firede = fourty

  27. pentade = fifty

  28. penude = sixty

  29. pedufode = seventy

  30. petrifotri = eighty

  31. pefirede = ninety

  32. pefiredepetri = ninety-eight

  33. pefiredepefire = ninety-nine

  34. dufore, terere, cento = hundred

  35. dufocento = two hundred

  36. dufocentodufodefudo = two hundred twenty-two

  37. penucentopetridepefire = 689

  38. pefirecentopefiredepefire = 999

  39. trire, tererere, kilo = 1'000

  40. trire penucentopetridepefire = 1'689

  41. pedufo-trire penucentopetridepefire = 7'689

  42. firere, terererere = 10^4 = 10'000

  43. pentare, tererererere = 10^5 = 100'000

  44. peunore, terererererere = 10^6 = 1'000'000 = one million

  45. pedufore = 10^7 = 10'000'000

  46. pefirere = 10^9 = 1'000'000'000 = one billion

  47. dedufore = 10^12 = 1'000'000'000'000 = one trillion

  48. tridepedufore = 10^37 = ten undecillion

  49. centopenudepefirere = 10^169 = ten quattuorsexagintillion

  50. pedufo-dedufere = 7*10^12 = 7'000'000'000'000 = seven trillion

  51. penu-dedufere tri-denure = 6*10^12+3*10^11 = 6'300'000'000'000 = six trillion three hundred billion

  52. nu kuru dufo penta = 1.25

  53. voyd kuru petri perioda tri fire = 0.8343434...

  54. mayn dufo = -2

  55. pentagas = 5.

Explanation of numbers. All you really have to remember is: voyd, nu, dufo, tri, fire, penta. It is good to also remember: deka, de, cento, re, kilo, perioda, kuru.

After zero (voyd), first five numbers are nu, dufo, tri, furi, penta. To go from six to nine, you subtract 5 from the targeted number and add prefix pe-. For example, to get eight, you take three, and add prefix pe- (to get petri, take tri, add pe-; you got petri).

Ten is deka. To go from eleven to nineteen, take the last digit of the number you want, and add prefix de-. For example: to form sixteen, take six, and add prefix de- (to get depenu, take penu, add pe-; you got depenu).

Whenever discussing the two-digit cluster at the end of a numeral, the last digit has the same representation independent of the second-to-last changing. What this means is, that in 5, 15, 25, 35, the 5 at the end has the same spelling and pronunciation each time. In English, 5 and 15 are exceptions.

To change ten into twenty, or in a multiple of ten, put a numeral between two and nine in front of "de". For example, while "deka" is ten, "dufode" is twenty, "trifode" is thirty and "pefirede" is ninety.

You can also put a one-digit numeral at the end of a multiple of ten, thus forming any number to 99. For example, "depedufo" is 17, "petridedufo" is 82.
 One hundred is cento. Add a number between two and nine as a prefix to the "cento" to tell how many hundred of something you are talking about: "tricento" is three hundred, "pedufo" is seven hundred.

Add a two-digit number at the end of the "_cento" to form a three digit number: "centodenu" is 111, "pedufocentopetridepenta" is 785.

1'000 is kilo.

All numbers up to including 1'000 (one thousand) have no spaces. All clusters of digits, which represent a number up to including 1'000 (one thousand) have no spaces. Higher up, there is a space between every order of magnitude of the decimal system.

You can represent any exponent of 10 by saying "te" and adding as many "re"s as high as the exponent is. For example, one is "te", ten is "tere", one hundred is "terere", one thousand is "tererere". This system is only used for numbers which are exponents of 10 and may not be used if there is any other digit than just 1 followed by zeros. This system becomes obsolete around 10^6.
Any exponent of 10 can also be named by adding "re" at the end of a number that is between zero and 1'000. For example, 10^20 may be named dufodere. This system is much more expandable, as it can reach 10^999. However, we may sometimes need a more precise number.
 Say we want 7*10^20. We already know how to say 10^20: "dufodere". To say 7*10^20, we simply need to add (pedufo-)- at the beggining, including the "-". Thus, 7*10^20 may be easily represented as pedufo-dufodere.

However, sometimes, not even that is enough precision. Say we want to express 10'001 with this system. That number is "firere nu".

730'258 would thus be written as: "pedufo-pentare tri-firere dufocentopentodepetri". In english, "seven hundred thirty thousand two hundred fifty eight".

Decimals can be expressed by naming the decimal point "kuru" and then listing all decimal digits. Periods (repeating last digits) are expressed by first listing all digits that do not repeat, saying "perioda", and then listing digits which do repeat. For example, 0.55 is "voyd kuru penta penta", while 7.23585858585858… is "pedufo kurku dufo tri perioda penta petri".

You can express negativity of a number by adding a "mayn" in the beginning, separated from the rest of a numeral with a space. For example, -2 is "mayn dufo".

One can express ordinal numbers by assigning "-gas" at the end of the word, for example "dekagas" means tenth, "centopedufodepetrigas" means 178th.

I concur that taking a look solely at powers of ten does not make it seem like Yazuk shortens them much relative to English. However, taking a look at a more precise number, such as 730'258, we could finally see the benefit.

Base 10 is used because it is used. I'd much prefer base 6, but this is an international auxiliary language for Indo-Europeans, not an artistic language.

Glossary of additional words which do not follow the root system (particles, pronouns etc.) (except for Geographical names, numerals)

  1. es = is/are/be/… (a replacement for the yss consonant group for is/to be; "es" should not be changed to adapt to word formation; es is valid for all numbers, times etc.) (can supplement any time of es)

  2. esel = had been

  3. eseg = was/were

  4. eser = is/are/be/...

  5. eses = will be

  6. eseses = will be even later

  1. de = of

  2. dede = about

  3. nyede / nyedede = regardless of, not regarding

  1. kemeye = than

  1. aka = also known as, aka

  1. on = on

  2. of = off

  1. mit = with

  1. ala = or

  1. la = this/that/those/these/…

  2. nyela = other

  1. si = yes

  2. nye/nyet/net = no/not

  1. fer = and (connecting two sentences, not for enumeration)

  2. alt = so, therefore, thereafter, to, for (between sentences)

  3. seba, vey = because

  4. past, proto = before, old

  5. pest = when, as (time), whenever, current

  6. post = after, new

  7. set = wherever

  8. nyeset = away from

  9. nyaf = outside of, out of

  10. af = inside, into

  11. a = but

  12. skoro = however, just like

  13. vo = whoever

  14. aga = that

  15. fer = which/who (I want that which…)

  16. ay = below, down, south

  17. ey = at same height

  18. oy = above, up, north, on

  19. aks = in front of, forward

  20. eks = not in front of nor behind

  21. oks = behind of, backwards

  22. az = left of, left, west

  23. ez = not left nor right of (in same direction as), towards

  24. oz = right of, right, east

  25. tay = high, deep

  26. lay = low, shallow

  27. taks = long

  28. laks = short

  29. taz = wide

  30. laz = narrow

  31. gegen = against

  32. tayakaz = big

  33. layakaz = small

  1. oko = if

  1. ur = clock/watch/…, "hour" in "it's 13 hours 10", meaning "it's 13:10 o'clock".

  1. ales = all

  1. per = according to

  1. et = and (enumeration, between words, never connecting sentences)

  1. gu = for (between words, never connecting sentences)

  1. nulit = No chance!, Never!

  2. dufolit = Most probably not.

  3. trilit = Probably not.

  4. firelit = Possibly so.

  5. penulit = May be or may not be, circa 50% chance.

  6. pedufolit = The chances are solid.

  7. petrilit = Probably so.

  8. pefirelit = Most probably yes.

  9. dekalit = Sure!, Absolutely!, ...

  1. ya = I

  2. ye = singular you

  3. yi = singular they/he/xe/it/he/… Neo-pronouns are permitted.

  1. yat = two of us

  2. yet = two of you

  3. yit = two of them/these/those

  1. yas = we

  2. yes = plural you

  3. yis = plural they

  1. yana = me/myself

  2. yena = you/yourself

  3. yina = singular them/themself/him/himself/her/herself/xem/xemself/it/… Neopronouns are permitted.

  1. yata = referring to doing so to two of us/referring to doing so to two of ourself

  2. yeta = referring to doing so to two of you/referring to doing so to two of yourself

  3. yita = referring to doing something to two of them/themselves/these/those

  1. yasa = us/ourself

  2. yesa = you (we must read "yesna")

  3. yisa = them/those/these

  1. yaro = my/mine

  2. yero = your/yours

  3. yiro = singular their/theirs/xir/xirs/it/its/his/… Neo-pronouns are permitted.

  1. yato = of the two of us

  2. yeto = of the two of you

  3. yito = of the two of them/these/those

  1. yaso = our/ours

  2. yeso = of a plural of you

  3. yiso = of a plural of them

Explaining the pronouns

Why is there such a great number of pronouns (27)? Do not worry; they are structured! All you will need to remember is: Ya, AEI, t, s, na, ro.

All pronouns begin with "y". This is followed by a letter A, E or I, depending on the person; the first vowel in the latin alphabet is A, thereby A signifies first person; "ya" is "I". Similarly, E and I will make "ya" and "ye", which mean "you" and "they/she/xe/her/...". Thereby we have formed "ya, ye, yi" for "I, you, they/she/he/it/…".

We can transform a pronoun into dual, referring to two people or objects. Such a form can be replaced by a plural, but if wish or need be, one can use the dual version. The dual's suffix is -t. This means, "yat" is "two of us"; "yet" is "two of you". We can also transform a pronoun into plural. The plural suffix is -s. This means, "yas" is "we"; "yes" is plural "you".

Additionally, we can transform pronouns into objective form or reflexive form by adding the suffix -na (or -a after consonant)s. This makes "yana" mean "me/myself" and makes "yasa" mean "us/ourselves".

Furthermore, we can transform pronouns into possessive pronouns or possessive adjectives by adding the suffix -ro (or -o after consonants). This makes "yaro" mean "my/mine" and makes "yaso" mean "our/ours".

Thus, we were able to create 27 pronouns: three persons (1., 2., 3.), three numeral forms (singular, dual, dual-plural) and three forms (subjective, objective-reflexive and possessive adjective-pronoun).

Thereby, pronouns of the Yuzak language are: ya, ye, yi, yat, yet, yit, yas, yes, yis, yana, yena, yina, yata, yeta, yita, yasa, yesa, yisa, yaro, yero, yiro, yato, yeto, yito, yaso, yeso, yiso.

Pronouns of third person can also be used to hint at that which is not in a grammatical person; "this" day can be translated as "yina" tigen..


General orthography

For general purposes, latin script, as defined in the IPA table(s) in the phonetics section, is used.

Cyrillic orthography

Cyrillic orthography can as well be used, with respective transliterations:

А = A

Е = E

И = I

О = O

У = U

М = M

Н = N

Б = B

П = P

Д = D

Т = T

Г = G

К = K

С = S, Z, C

Ф = F

Л = L

Й = J, Y

Р = R

An example of this orthography would go as follows.

I like Yuzak. = Ya megeran Yuzak. = Йа мегеран Йусак.

Yuzak is a good language. = Yuzak es sabir lineg. = Йузак ес сабир линег.

Pan-Indo-European Orthography

To allow for communication, the following transcription is possible as well.

This orthography is a combination of Latin script, Cyrillic and Nagari.


Basic word order

Basic word order is SVO; that is, Subject-Verb-Object. For example, "I ate it" would translate to Yuzak as "Ya tebegar yina", and not the other way around.

The basic negation can be placed at some place in a sentence except at the end.

Adjectives come before what they modify (they can modify more than nouns, as they can also function as adverbs).


The basic negation can be placed at some place in a sentence except at the end. Negations refute everything stated in the following line until the next punctuation (unlike word negations from Word Formation, it doesn't outright negate the meaning). Let us show this more precisely using examples and translations into English.

"Ya tebegar yina." = "I are it."

"Nye ya tebegar yina." = "Not me ate it." / "Someone else ate it."
 "Ya nye tebegar yina." = "I didn't eat it." (But drink it? In this sense.)

"Ya tebegar nye yina." = "I ate not that." / "I ate something else."

This, however, can become more complex as more punctuations are added. Let us again observe some examples.

"Ya es rined, seba yi es rahojot." = "I am human, because it is shitty" (yi/it refers to rined/human)

"Ya es rined, nye seba yi es rahojot." = "I am human, not because it is shitty."

"Ya es rined, seba nye yi es rahojot." = "I am human, because not it is shitty." / "I am human, because it isn't shitty."

"Ya es rined, seba yi nye es rahojot." = "I am human, because it not is shitty." (There is no good English translation of that, and it really doen't say anything logical, but the message is visible).

"Ya es rined, seba yi es nye rahojot" = "I am human, because it is not shitty." / "I am human, because it is unshitty."

"Nya Ya es rined, seba yi es rahojot." = "It is not so that I am human, because it is shitty." (it/yi refers to human/rined)

"Nya ya es rined, nye seba yi es rahojot." = "It is not so that I am human, not because it is shitty."

"Nya ya es rined, seba nye yi es rahojot." = "It is not so that I am human, because not it is shitty." / "It is not so that I am human, because it isn't shitty."

"Nya ya es rined, seba yi nye es rahojot." = "It is not so that I am human, because it not is shitty." (There is no good English translation of that, and it really doesn't say anything logical, but the message is visible).

"Nya ya es rined, seba yi es nye rahojot" = "It is not so that I am human, because it is not shitty." / "It is not so that I am human, because it is unshitty."

et cetera.
 As described in the Word Formation section of this Yuzak overview, the prefix "nye(t)-" can be put in front of words to negate them.

Advanced sentences

In most languages, we can experience formation of sentence subsets. In English, for example, one may say "my name is Lesley, thereby my name starts with an L". This sentence consists of a relative sentence and the main one… "My name is Lesley" being the main sentence, and "thereby my name starts with an L" being the dependent one.

In Yuzak, we could have said "Yuzak es facol" and "Yuzak es sabir". Combining these two means "Yuzak is easy. Yuzak is wonderful." However, if we implied that easier languages are better IAL-s, we could say "Yuzak is easy, so yuzak is wonderful". Yuzal permits just that, forming "Yuzak es facol, alt yuzak es sabir".

Yuzak does not allow for relative sentences to come first.

Most languages allow for sentences to be arranged equally as well, for example: "Yuzak is easy and yuzak is wonderful". This multi-sentence has two sentences, but none is relative. We can change the sub-sentence order without changing inner word order: "Yuzak is wonderful and yuzak is easy" is the same to "Yuzak is easy and yuzak is wonderful". Yuzak also allows this, but still requires a comma. Let us translate the English example below. "Yuzak es facil, fer Yuzak es sabir" is equivalent to "Yuzak es sabir, fer Yuzak es facil". However, the only conjunction allowed to appear between the two sentences in this case is "fer".


Prepositions come after the object and before the subject: "Chair on the floor". Between the object and the subject, there can be an adverb, which is in Yuzak simply an adjective: "Chair is firmly on the floor".


Adverbs are supplied by adjectives, or by adverbs defined in the Glossary of additional words.


Adverbs and adjectives conform to the noun in number, tense and person.


Questions requesting information are formed by replacing requested information with "ksa(r)_", where _ is an example of the figure we are looking for. R is added if the initial letter of the figure is a vowel. For example, "Yuzak es ksarahojod?" asks "What is Yuzak like, in the terms of shitty etc.?". While "Yuzak es ksaranojod?" would literally translate to "Yuzak is shitty?", it actually asks what it is like in the same category as "shitty". For example, an answer to "Yuzak es ksaranojod?" may be "Sabor."

Questions requesting confirmation are formed by simply adding "?" at the end of the sentence. For example, "Yuzak es sabor?" means "Is Yuzak wonderful?".


One can symbolise possession or belonging by putting the word "de" anywhere in a sentence. Everything on the left will be in possession of that on the right.

Left "de"-s have priority. For example, "A de B de C" means (A of B) of C, and not vice versa.


We can express current time, ex. 13:10 by saying "La es detri ur deka." This literally means, "This is thirteen hour ten."

The same format can be used for expression of any time unit.

Months are expressed by saying the word "miset" (month) and the ordinal number which month in the year it is: instead of saying "It is january", we say "La es miset nugas".

We can express dates in a year by inserting the ordinal number of whichever day in the month we are discussing. For example, 9.10. would be named "pefiregas miset dekagas". Thereby, "La es pefiregas miset dekagas" means "it is the ninth of October".

Years can be expressed by putting the word "giden", meaning "year" in front of the ordinal number representing the year. For example, "year 2020" would be "giden dufo-trira dufodegas".

"2.11.2020" would be "dufogas miset denugas giden dufo-trire dufode". The English equivalent is "The second of November of two thousand twenty".


If we wish to compare attributes of certain things, we need to define base, comparative and superlative.

Let us take the example of "sabar", meaning "good".

Base is the default position. Ex.: "sabar" = "good".

Suffix "-(r)int" symbolises comparatives. Ex.: "sabarint" = "better".

Suffix "-(r)inters" symbolizes superlatives. Ex.: "sabarinters" = "best".

We use the (r) insertion if the base word ends with a vowel; for example, if the adjective was "kala", comparative would be "kalarint" and superlative would be "kalarinters". However, such examples are very rare in Yuzak and I cannot think of any right now.

We can compare two words by saying "A is _ than B". Let us compare communism and capitalism in their goodness. "Communism is better than capitalism" would be translated into Yuzak as "Kemenilem es sabarint kemeye kepetilem."

We can present something as a superlative of its type by saying "A is the best B", where B includes but is not limited to A. Let us present Yuzak as the best language. "Yuzak is the best language." This would be translated into Yuzak as "Yuzak es saborinters de lineges".

Of course, we can focus on the superlativity of something in English: "Yuzak is the best of all languages." A version of this exists in Yuzak as well. It is "Yuzak es saborinters de ales lineges."


Translation practice

Hyder is an exceptionally good friend. = Hyder es falin sabor fimeg!

I am not exceptionally good today… = Ya nye es falin sabor yina tigen...

She is not a good human. = Yi nye es sabor rined.

Humans are ungood. = Rinedes es nyesabires.

This map is good, as it is very detailed. = La miper es sabir, seba yi es maneg datol.

I hate this language because it is ugly. = Ya nyemegenera la lineg, vey yi es nyesabir.

It is November 2nd and I am feeling bad. = La es dufoges monat denu, fer Ya es nyesabir.

This word is wonderful. = La liter es sabir.

Banat republic was nice. = Repebilek de Banat eseg banat.

Ideas of capitalism are bad. People, arise, arise! Labour is everything, workers - forward! = Segerimenes de kepetilem es nyesabares. Pipeles, oy, oy! Rebit yeseris ales, rabites pipeles, aks!

Democratic People's Republic Earth! = Demekarit Repebilek Geya de pipeles!

I am the first person who can enjoy the words of Yuzak! = Ya es nugas pipel megerat literes de Yuzak bekeran!

Communism is exceptionally nice. = kemenilem es falin sabar.

Translation practice without original



Yas es denecesires proto Geya!

Yas es remegesanes yiro remineres!

Yas es nyemiganes de sabir kirek,

yas nyemegesases de menarik kesirin!

Yas es peresases ez nyebakires pipeles,

yas es peresases ez nyekabises pipeles;

Yas et yisa denecesares ranit pipeles,

Yas pezesaves yis ez yasa.

Rabites pipeles, oy, oy, oy!

Yes pereseses gegen ranites pipeles!

Pipeles piziv ez leberites eses sarekes:

Aks! Aks! Aks! Aks! Aks!



Oyafiter et siles debegites: "Ya padarint kemeye ye!" Pipet mit yiket kemegit, pest yit debegites.

"yat ales megesat, padarint es aga fer mekesan pipet nye pesesis oy yisa yiket," peregel siles.

"Tayakaz sabor," peregil oyafiter, alt mekegin pipet gefegil kalojot padar fiter.

Post nugos fiter yaket de pipet peregis oy et ay set papat. Post pipet paravis af yaket mit ales padar. Pipet paravis af yaket de yiro padarint, pest oyafiter mekegir padarint fiter. Oyafiter mekegin padar fiter set yaket, a voydo.

Post la, siles seyegiy. Nuges reyiney es layakaz padar, fer set sabor gorok reyiney de siles, pipet mekegin yiro yekit nyeseyatar, fer neypador tenegir la yiket. Reyeniy de silel eseg garokint et garokint, fer pipel remegif yiro sider. Post, yi eseg garoyok, alt yi remefir yiro yiket, fer yi repegiz set nye reyiney de silel, alt yi kemegin nyeset girek, set di direv.

Binet kenerin, fer pider seperil.

Smrt Fašizmu - by Lesley Zore

This is, most probably, the last edition-release of the Setting of Capital.

Smrt fašizmu, svoboda narodu!